Private Septic Systems

Information on wastewater management of private septic systems, including on-lot wastewater systems health, water conservation, filtration and drip irrigation. Tips on using dyes and tracers to confirm septic system failures and funding for repairs.

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Onlot Septic: Proper Care, Maintenance and Alternatives
Onlot Septic: Proper Care, Maintenance and Alternatives - Webinars Webinars
Free
This webinar describes basic septic system functions, components, reasons for failures, and steps to prevent failures. More
Sanitary well caps are just one way to protect your drinking water. Photo credit: Bryan Swistock
Home Water and Septic Workshop - Workshops Workshops

Home Water and Septic Workshop

Multiple Options Available

Free
Understand your drinking water supply & septic systems. Learn how to protect, test, and treat water from wells & springs. Learn how to maintain & inspect your septic system. More
What is sewage sludge and what can be done with it? What is sewage sludge and what can be done with it? - Articles
In this document, “sewage sludge” will refer to wastewater treatment solids generally, and “biosolids” will refer specifically to material that is suitable for land application. More
Newly installed three chamber septic and pump tank (Photo by Amy Galford)
Funding for Private Well and Septic System Repairs - Articles Articles
Major repairs or replacement of septic system and drinking water wells can be costly, but there are sources of financial assistance for homeowners. More
Hydraulic Load Test Hydraulic Load Test - Articles

Hydraulic Load Test

Albert Jarrett, Ph.D.

The Hydraulic Load Test is included as a component of the PSMA On-Lot Wastewater Inspection. More
Keeping On-lot Wastewater Systems Healthy Keeping On-lot Wastewater Systems Healthy - Articles
Education and guidance for homeowners with on-lot wastewater disposal systems about how to keep their systems healthy. More
A Lexicon for Alternate On-Site Wastewater Treatment Systems
A Lexicon for Alternate On-Site Wastewater Treatment Systems - Articles Articles
Examples of alternate systems include: Steep Slope Elevated Sand Mounds, Drip Disposal, Chamber Systems, and Peat Filters. More
Use of Dyes and Tracers to Confirm Septic System Failures Use of Dyes and Tracers to Confirm Septic System Failures - Articles
Commercially available dyes and tracers can be used where additional testing is needed to detect or confirm on-lot sewage disposal system malfunctions. More
PSMA On-lot Wastewater Treatment Inspection vs. A Regulatory Inspection PSMA On-lot Wastewater Treatment Inspection vs. A Regulatory Inspection - Articles
The local Sewage Enforcement Officer focuses on system malfunctions. The PSMA certified septic tank inspector focuses on the overall condition of your system. More
Aerobic Treatment Units Aerobic Treatment Units - Articles

Aerobic Treatment Units

Albert Jarrett, Ph.D.

Aerobic treatment units, also called activated sludge tanks, are a common method of biological treatment used in municipal wastewater treatment facilities. More
Individual Residential Spray Irrigation Systems (IRSIS) Individual Residential Spray Irrigation Systems (IRSIS) - Articles
The Individual Residential Spray Irrigation System was developed and is designed to treat wastewater for sites with certain restrictive soil conditions. More
Septic Tank Exit Filters Septic Tank Exit Filters - Articles

Septic Tank Exit Filters

Albert Jarrett, Ph.D.

Adding a filter to the exit baffle of a septic tank serves as the final opportunity to capture and remove partially settled particles in the wastewater. More
On-Lot Filtration and Advanced Treatment Units
On-Lot Filtration and Advanced Treatment Units - Articles Articles
There are many Filtration and Advanced treatment units (FATU's) approved for use in On-Lot Wastewater Systems in Pennsylvania. More
On-Lot Wastewater Systems; The Basics On-Lot Wastewater Systems; The Basics - Articles

On-Lot Wastewater Systems; The Basics

Albert Jarrett, Ph.D.

The components and function of on-lot wastewater systems and the regulatory system governing their use is described. More
At-Grade and Shallow At-Grade On-Lot Systems
At-Grade and Shallow At-Grade On-Lot Systems - Articles Articles
At-Grade systems are an approved disposal method for on-lot wastewater in Pennsylvania. More
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