Water Quality

Information on pond management water quality, including pond ecology and the role of aquatic plants, pond fisheries management and First Investigation of Stream Health. Tips on winterkill, water quality concerns and algae blooms.

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Five Steps to a Healthier Pond
Five Steps to a Healthier Pond - Webinars Webinars

Five Steps to a Healthier Pond

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Penn State Extension Water Resources Specialist covers five steps pond managers can use to create a healthier PA pond. More
Tansparency Tube
FISH: Understanding Your Transparency Tube Measurements - Articles Articles
Part of the "First Investigation of Stream Health" activity. Transparency tubes are popular for use in stream monitoring programs. More
Bullfrog. Photo: Lesa Willis
FISH: Pennsylvania Frog and Toad Breeding Phenology - Articles Articles

FISH: Pennsylvania Frog and Toad Breeding Phenology

Jennifer R Fetter, Kristen Kyler

Part of the "First Investigation of Stream Health" activity. In central Pennsylvania there are three distinct periods in which potential species can be expected to begin breeding. More
Managing Your Pond or Lake
Managing Your Pond or Lake - Webinars Webinars
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Susan Boser from Penn State Extension explains the aspects of good pond management. More
Results from a Penn State Study of Harmful Algae Blooms in Ponds
Results from a Penn State Study of Harmful Algae Blooms in Ponds - Webinars Webinars
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Algae is one of the most common problems reported by pond owners. Of greatest concern are blooms caused by microscopic blue-green algae which can produce toxins. More
Fish ponds provide can aesthetic beauty, wildlife habitat, fishing, swimming, as well as water for livestock, irrigation, or fire protection.
Management of Fish Ponds in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles

Management of Fish Ponds in Pennsylvania

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

Are you building a new pond on your property? Do you already have a pond that you use for swimming, irrigation, fishing, or other activities? More
Pond Ecology and the Role of Aquatic Plants
Pond Ecology and the Role of Aquatic Plants - Videos Videos
This video provides an overview of aquatic plants. More
Getting to Know Your Pond
Getting to Know Your Pond - Videos Videos
Proper pond management practices should always start with an assessment and inspection of the current conditions in the pond. More
Water Quality Concerns for Ponds
Water Quality Concerns for Ponds - Articles Articles
This is a summary of some common water quality parameters that may cause problems in ponds and how to detect and treat them. More
Pond Ecology
Pond Ecology - Articles Articles

Pond Ecology

Bryan Swistock

A brief overview of the natural processes of an earthen pond and how to maintain a healthy pond. More
Planktonic Algae
Planktonic Algae - Articles Articles

Planktonic Algae

Bryan Swistock

Planktonic algae floats in the water column and can sometimes be confused with muddy water. It causes the water to look green, brown or reddish in color. More
Interpreting Water Tests for Ponds and Lakes
Interpreting Water Tests for Ponds and Lakes - Articles Articles
This document describes parameters included in the Penn State pond/lake water test kit to help pond owners detect common water quality problems. More
Photo: Bryan Swistock, Penn State University
Winterkill in Ponds - Articles Articles

Winterkill in Ponds

Diane Oleson, M.S.

In the winter water gets much colder and ice may cover the top of the pond for an extended period of time. How does this affect the animals living in the pond? More
Pond coated with duckweed. Photo: Diane Oleson, Penn State Extension
Pond Scum - Duckweed and Watermeal - Articles Articles
Learn about the common "pond scum" types of duckweed and watermeal. More
Watershed Welcome Sign
Introduction to Watersheds - Articles Articles

Introduction to Watersheds

Jennifer R Fetter

Have you ever passed a sign welcoming you to a watershed and wondered what it means? Here are some basic facts about watersheds to help you out. More
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