Construction, Maintenance, Ecology

Information on pond management and construction, maintenance and ecology, including water quality concerns, fish population exercise and pond agencies and permits in Pennsylvania. Tips on pond measurements and fixing a leaking pond.

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Proper pond management can ensure an aesthetically pleasing pond that provides great fishing, swimming and other recreational uses (photo B. Swistock).
New LearnNow Video Discusses Tips for a Healthier Pond - News News
There are thousands of earthen ponds and lakes across Pennsylvania that provide many benefits to homeowners and farmers, but they have their share of problems. More
Photo: Heather McKean
Crawford County Pond Workshop Draws a Large Crowd - News News
The workshop increased participants' knowledge of pond maintenance and ecology. More
Pond and Lake Management Workshop
Pond and Lake Management Workshop - Workshops Workshops
This workshop will address managing nuisance plants and algae in your pond and/or lake. More
Five Steps to a Healthier Pond
Five Steps to a Healthier Pond - Webinars Webinars

Five Steps to a Healthier Pond

Watch Now

1 hour

Free
Penn State Extension Water Resources Specialist covers five steps pond managers can use to create a healthier PA pond. More
Fisheries Management for Ponds and Lakes
Fisheries Management for Ponds and Lakes - Webinars Webinars
Free
Joe Gallagher, President of Ecological Solutions, Inc. presents information on proper management of fish species in ponds and lakes. More
Extension Educator, Susan Boser presents information on watersheds and land use to 5th grade science students at Winchester Thurston School
Extension Provides Hands-on Pond Education to 5th Grade Science Classes - News News
Students from Winchester Thurston School are learning how to help their school pond. More
Managing Your Restored Wetland
Managing Your Restored Wetland - Articles Articles

Managing Your Restored Wetland

Margaret C. Brittingham, Ph.D., Charles Andrew Cole, Ph.D., Robert P Brooks, Ph.D.

This manual for landowners describes where wetland restoration is possible and how it is done. It covers basic wetland concepts, ecological concepts and terms, wetland restoration, and maintenance. More
Pond Management for Rural and Farm Pond Owners
Pond Management for Rural and Farm Pond Owners - Online Courses Online Courses
$99.00
Learn basic pond maintenance and how to address common pond issues including excessive plant and algae growth, nuisance wildlife, and fishery management. More
Managing Your Pond or Lake
Managing Your Pond or Lake - Webinars Webinars
Free
Susan Boser from Penn State Extension explains the aspects of good pond management. More
Pond Management School
Pond Management School - Workshops Workshops
Regional Green Industry Professionals are invited to join Penn State Extension and Bowman’s Hill Wildflower Preserve for Pond Management School. More
Identifying Aquatic Plants
Identifying Aquatic Plants - Videos Videos
This video will look at the four categories of pond plants, and some of the most common aquatic plants that are found in Pennsylvania. More
Pond Ecology and the Role of Aquatic Plants
Pond Ecology and the Role of Aquatic Plants - Videos Videos
This video provides an overview of aquatic plants. More
Physical Control of Aquatic Plants
Physical Control of Aquatic Plants - Videos Videos
There are a variety of physical control strategies that can be employed. Physically harvesting aquatic plants can have a positive, long-lasting effect. More
Getting to Know Your Pond
Getting to Know Your Pond - Videos Videos
Proper pond management practices should always start with an assessment and inspection of the current conditions in the pond. More
Chemical Control of Aquatic Plants
Chemical Control of Aquatic Plants - Videos Videos
Herbicides are often the first thing pond owners turn to when nuisance aquatic plants appear in their ponds. More
Causes and Prevention of Aquatic Plant and Algae Growth
Causes and Prevention of Aquatic Plant and Algae Growth - Videos Videos
When plants and algae grow abundantly, pond and lake owners often think about ways to eliminate the offending plant. Nutrient control is the long term solution. More
Biological Control of Aquatic Plants
Biological Control of Aquatic Plants - Videos Videos
There are a few biological methods, that when applied correctly can be very effective and environmentally friendly to your pond. More
Photo: Bryan Swistock, Penn State University
Winterkill in Ponds - Articles Articles

Winterkill in Ponds

Diane Oleson, M.S.

In the winter water gets much colder and ice may cover the top of the pond for an extended period of time. How does this affect the animals living in the pond? More
Pond coated with duckweed. Photo: Diane Oleson, Penn State Extension
Pond Scum - Duckweed and Watermeal - Articles Articles
Learn about the common "pond scum" types of duckweed and watermeal. More
A crappie bass from a small pond.
Fish for Pennsylvania Ponds - Articles Articles

Fish for Pennsylvania Ponds

Bryan Swistock, Jay Stauffer, Jr., Ph.D.

Dozens of fish species are suitable for stocking in Pennsylvania ponds, but some species are usually more successful than others. More
Measuring a largemouth bass from a pond.
Fish Population Exercise - Tools and Apps Tools and Apps
This quick exercise will help you to determine the Proportional Stock Density (PSD) for your pond to help in managing the bass and bluegill population. More
Pond Agencies and Permits in Pennsylvania
Pond Agencies and Permits in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles
Information on the role of various agencies and permits that may be required for construction or maintenance of earthen ponds. More
Figure 1. Typical calcitic limestone sand used for direct application to streams.
Limestone Sand: Pros and Cons - Articles Articles

Limestone Sand: Pros and Cons

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

Limestone sand has come into wide use in the treatment of waters acidified by acid rain or acid mine drainage. More
Duckweed and watermeal covering a pond.
Duckweed and Watermeal - Articles Articles

Duckweed and Watermeal

Bryan Swistock

Duckweed and watermeal are free-floating aquatic plants that are commonly encountered in Pennsylvania. They are commonly found in nutrient-rich ponds with stagnant or little flow. More
Pond Measurements: Area, Volume and Residence Time
Pond Measurements: Area, Volume and Residence Time - Articles Articles
An explanation of basic pond measurements that are vital to basic pond management practices. More
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