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What is sewage sludge and what can be done with it?
What is sewage sludge and what can be done with it? - Articles Articles
In this document, “sewage sludge” will refer to wastewater treatment solids generally, and “biosolids” will refer specifically to material that is suitable for land application. More
Watershed Resources for Teachers and Students
Watershed Resources for Teachers and Students - Articles Articles
Curricula ideas for the classroom and the field. More
River Basin Approaches to Water Management in the Mid-Atlantic States
River Basin Approaches to Water Management in the Mid-Atlantic States - Articles Articles
Interstate conflict over water resources is growing in the Mid-Atlantic region. As population increases and industries and energy sources shift, water becomes in greater demand. More
PSMA On-lot Wastewater Treatment Inspection vs. A Regulatory Inspection PSMA On-lot Wastewater Treatment Inspection vs. A Regulatory Inspection - Articles
The local Sewage Enforcement Officer focuses on system malfunctions. The PSMA certified septic tank inspector focuses on the overall condition of your system. More
Individual Residential Spray Irrigation Systems (IRSIS) Individual Residential Spray Irrigation Systems (IRSIS) - Articles
The Individual Residential Spray Irrigation System was developed and is designed to treat wastewater for sites with certain restrictive soil conditions. More
Spring Creek running through downtown Bellefonte, PA
Access and Allocation of Water in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles

Access and Allocation of Water in Pennsylvania

Charles Abdalla, Ph.D., Kristen Saacke Blunk

This article provides an overview of water rights for citizens, farmers, rural business owners, and elected and appointed officials. (This is not a substitute for advice from a qualified lawyer.) More
A girl stands on an overlook at the edge of a wetland.
Watersheds and Wetlands - Articles Articles

Watersheds and Wetlands

Sanford S. Smith, Ph.D.

This article, which is part of a series, is intended to teach third- and fourth-grade students about watersheds and wetlands. More
A Primer on Water Quality Credit Trading in the Mid-Atlantic Region
A Primer on Water Quality Credit Trading in the Mid-Atlantic Region - Articles Articles
Water quality credit trading is a tool for reducing the cost of controlling nutrients and sediments that severely impact streams, rivers, lakes, and estuaries. More
Use of Dyes and Tracers to Confirm Septic System Failures
Use of Dyes and Tracers to Confirm Septic System Failures - Articles Articles
Commercially available dyes and tracers can be used where additional testing is needed to detect or confirm on-lot sewage disposal system malfunctions. More
Keeping On-lot Wastewater Systems Healthy
Keeping On-lot Wastewater Systems Healthy - Articles Articles
Education and guidance for homeowners with on-lot wastewater disposal systems about how to keep their systems healthy. More
On-lot Wastewater Inspections During Real Estate Transactions On-lot Wastewater Inspections During Real Estate Transactions - Articles
The Pennsylvania Septage Management Association and the National Onsite Wastewater Education and Research Foundation have developed standards and procedures for on-lot wastewater system inspections. More
Site Evaluation for On-lot Sewage Systems Site Evaluation for On-lot Sewage Systems - Articles
Proper design and operation of an on-lot sewage system hinges on the ability of the soil to absorb and renovate the wastewater flowing from the treatment tank. More
Vertical Flow Wetlands
Vertical Flow Wetlands - Articles Articles

Vertical Flow Wetlands

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

Vertical flow wetlands (VFW) are a relatively new tool for treating waters acidified by mining or acid deposition. More
Household Water Conservation
Household Water Conservation - Articles Articles

Household Water Conservation

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

There are many water conservation methods that require little effort to incorporate, but produce significant results. More
Saving Water in an Emergency
Saving Water in an Emergency - Articles Articles
Droughts occur periodically over much of the United States. In Pennsylvania, severe droughts have occurred more frequently over the past two decades. More