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A screenshot of the DWIT tool
Drinking Water Interpretation Tool (DWIT) - Articles Articles
Use this online tool to create a customized interpretation of complex data found on any water test report. More
Rain to Drain - Slow the Flow: Adaptation
Rain to Drain - Slow the Flow: Adaptation - Articles Articles

Rain to Drain - Slow the Flow: Adaptation

Kristen Kyler, Jennifer R Fetter

Tips for using the Rain to Drain - Slow the Flow Curriculum at fairs and community events when time is limited. More
Landowners should inspect their forest road system at regular intervals to detect problems and schedule repairs. Photo: George Hurd, Penn Sate University
Maintain Forest Roads to Prevent Erosion and Protect Water - Articles Articles
The dirt and gravel roads that run through your forest play an important role in the management of your woodlands. More
Keeping your own well and septic records is important. Photo: George Hurd, Penn State Extension
Keeping Well and Septic System Records - Articles Articles
If on a private well, you should determine the quality of your drinking water. If using an on-lot sewage disposal system, you must ensure that the system is operating properly. More
Water treatment system Photo: Tom McCarty, Penn State
Maintaining Home Water Treatment Systems - Articles Articles
Most health risks in water and taste or odor can be resolved with home water treatment. However, treatment systems only work if properly maintained! More
Keeping On-lot Wastewater Systems Healthy Keeping On-lot Wastewater Systems Healthy - Articles
Education and guidance for homeowners with on-lot wastewater disposal systems about how to keep their systems healthy. More
Hydraulic Load Test Hydraulic Load Test - Articles

Hydraulic Load Test

Albert Jarrett, Ph.D.

The Hydraulic Load Test is included as a component of the PSMA On-Lot Wastewater Inspection. More
Newly installed three chamber septic and pump tank (Photo by Amy Galford)
Funding for Private Well and Septic System Repairs - Articles Articles
Major repairs or replacement of septic system and drinking water wells can be costly, but there are sources of financial assistance for homeowners. More
Water Conservation - How Much Water and Money Can You Save?
Water Conservation - How Much Water and Money Can You Save? - Articles Articles
Determine how much water you currently use and the amount of water and money you could save by installing water-conserving devices. More
Use of Dyes and Tracers to Confirm Septic System Failures Use of Dyes and Tracers to Confirm Septic System Failures - Articles
Commercially available dyes and tracers can be used where additional testing is needed to detect or confirm on-lot sewage disposal system malfunctions. More
Septic Tank Exit Filters Septic Tank Exit Filters - Articles

Septic Tank Exit Filters

Albert Jarrett, Ph.D.

Adding a filter to the exit baffle of a septic tank serves as the final opportunity to capture and remove partially settled particles in the wastewater. More
Individual Residential Spray Irrigation Systems (IRSIS) Individual Residential Spray Irrigation Systems (IRSIS) - Articles
The Individual Residential Spray Irrigation System was developed and is designed to treat wastewater for sites with certain restrictive soil conditions. More
On-Lot Filtration and Advanced Treatment Units
On-Lot Filtration and Advanced Treatment Units - Articles Articles
There are many Filtration and Advanced treatment units (FATU's) approved for use in On-Lot Wastewater Systems in Pennsylvania. More
Aerobic Treatment Units Aerobic Treatment Units - Articles

Aerobic Treatment Units

Albert Jarrett, Ph.D.

Aerobic treatment units, also called activated sludge tanks, are a common method of biological treatment used in municipal wastewater treatment facilities. More
Vertical Flow Wetlands
Vertical Flow Wetlands - Articles Articles

Vertical Flow Wetlands

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

Vertical flow wetlands (VFW) are a relatively new tool for treating waters acidified by mining or acid deposition. More
Photo from google images
Storing Fuels and Protecting Water Resources - Articles Articles
Lower fuel prices may cause homeowners to consider storing extra fuel at home. Be sure to research all of the ramifications and pitfalls before proceeding. More
Groundwater Basics
Groundwater Basics - Articles Articles

Groundwater Basics

Dana Rizzo, M.S.

Everyone can and should do something to protect groundwater. Why? We all have a stake in maintaining its quality and quantity. More
How to Store Water for Drinking or Cooking
How to Store Water for Drinking or Cooking - Articles Articles

How to Store Water for Drinking or Cooking

Cathy F. Bowen, Ph.D., Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

Storing water for an emergency is simple, especially when the water is not contaminated. Here are some guidelines for storing water. More
Household Water Conservation
Household Water Conservation - Articles Articles

Household Water Conservation

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

There are many water conservation methods that require little effort to incorporate, but produce significant results. More
Marcellus shale drilling in progress, Beaver Run Reservoir, Westmoreland County. Credit: Robert Donnan.
Water’s Journey Through the Shale Gas Processes - Articles Articles
Using publicly available information, we attempt to track and quantify current water use through the stages of the gas well development process. More
Water Well Maintenance and Rehabilitation
Water Well Maintenance and Rehabilitation - Articles Articles

Water Well Maintenance and Rehabilitation

Bryan Swistock, Dana Rizzo, M.S.

Water wells require regular maintenance to ensure adequate water flow and optimum water quality. More
Water Well Location by Fracture Trace Mapping
Water Well Location by Fracture Trace Mapping - Articles Articles

Water Well Location by Fracture Trace Mapping

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

Fracture Trace Mapping can be used to locate larger producing water wells for farms, businesses and large homes. More
Water System Planning: Estimating Water Needs
Water System Planning: Estimating Water Needs - Articles Articles

Water System Planning: Estimating Water Needs

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

Find out how to estimate homeowner or farmer water needs and calculate how much water must be delivered from a private water supply to meet these needs. More
Water Softening
Water Softening - Articles Articles

Water Softening

Bryan Swistock

Hard water causes gray or white deposits when water is heated. Water softening can be used to reduce these symptoms. More
Using Low-Yielding Wells
Using Low-Yielding Wells - Articles Articles

Using Low-Yielding Wells

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

There are several steps that can be used to increase the adequacy of a low-yielding well. More
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