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Spring Development and Protection
Spring Development and Protection - Articles Articles

Spring Development and Protection

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

Springs occur wherever groundwater flows out from the earth’s surface. Springs typically occur along hillsides, low-lying areas, or at the base of slopes. More
Interpreting Water Tests for Ponds and Lakes
Interpreting Water Tests for Ponds and Lakes - Articles Articles
This document describes parameters included in the Penn State pond/lake water test kit to help pond owners detect common water quality problems. More
How to Store Water for Drinking or Cooking
How to Store Water for Drinking or Cooking - Articles Articles

How to Store Water for Drinking or Cooking

Cathy F. Bowen, Ph.D., Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

Storing water for an emergency is simple, especially when the water is not contaminated. Here are some guidelines for storing water. More
Managing Your Well During Drought
Managing Your Well During Drought - Articles Articles

Managing Your Well During Drought

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

Groundwater levels in wells vary over time. Water conservation and pump adjustments can help manage your water well during drought. More
Water Well Maintenance and Rehabilitation
Water Well Maintenance and Rehabilitation - Articles Articles

Water Well Maintenance and Rehabilitation

Bryan Swistock, Dana Rizzo, M.S.

Water wells require regular maintenance to ensure adequate water flow and optimum water quality. More
Water System Planning: Estimating Water Needs
Water System Planning: Estimating Water Needs - Articles Articles

Water System Planning: Estimating Water Needs

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

Find out how to estimate homeowner or farmer water needs and calculate how much water must be delivered from a private water supply to meet these needs. More
Water Softening
Water Softening - Articles Articles

Water Softening

Bryan Swistock

Hard water causes gray or white deposits when water is heated. Water softening can be used to reduce these symptoms. More
Using Low-Yielding Wells
Using Low-Yielding Wells - Articles Articles

Using Low-Yielding Wells

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

There are several steps that can be used to increase the adequacy of a low-yielding well. More
Rainwater Cisterns: Design, Construction, and Treatment Rainwater Cisterns: Design, Construction, and Treatment - Articles
Roof-catchment cisterns are systems used to collect and store rainwater for household and other uses. More
Proper Water Well Construction
Proper Water Well Construction - Articles Articles

Proper Water Well Construction

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

Sanitary water well caps and a grout seal around the casing can prevent surface water contamination of water wells. More
Nitrates in Drinking Water
Nitrates in Drinking Water - Articles Articles

Nitrates in Drinking Water

Bryan Swistock

Excessive nitrates in drinking water can cause “blue-baby syndrome” or methemoglobinemia. Various treatment options are available to remove nitrate from water. More
Methane Gas and Its Removal from Water Wells
Methane Gas and Its Removal from Water Wells - Articles Articles
Methane gas can occur in water wells from natural processes or from nearby drilling activity. More
Lead in Drinking Water
Lead in Drinking Water - Articles Articles

Lead in Drinking Water

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D., Amy Galford

Learn how to determine if your drinking water contains too much lead, and discover ways to reduce lead in your water. More
Iron and Manganese in Private Water Systems Iron and Manganese in Private Water Systems - Articles

Iron and Manganese in Private Water Systems

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

Iron and manganese cause stains and tastes in water. They can be removed with several treatment processes described in this article. More
How to Interpret a Water Analysis Report
How to Interpret a Water Analysis Report - Articles Articles
This article outlines some of the major parameters you may see on the analysis and assists you in understanding the numbers on a water test report. More
Corrosive Water Problems
Corrosive Water Problems - Articles Articles

Corrosive Water Problems

Bryan Swistock

Corrosive water can dissolve metal plumbing components causing unsafe levels of copper and lead and pinhole leaks. More
Common Drinking Water Problems and Solutions
Common Drinking Water Problems and Solutions - Articles Articles

Common Drinking Water Problems and Solutions

Bryan Swistock, James Andrew Clark

A listing of symptoms in water (color, smell, taste), the common causes, and possible solutions to common drinking water problems. More
Coliform Bacteria
Coliform Bacteria - Articles Articles

Coliform Bacteria

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

This article describes what coliform bacteria are, where they come from and how to remove them from drinking water. More
A Quick Guide to Groundwater in Pennsylvania
A Quick Guide to Groundwater in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles
This publication will help you understand where groundwater comes from, how it is used, and how the future use of groundwater in Pennsylvania is at risk. More
Glass of water
The Water We Drink - Articles Articles

The Water We Drink

Jennifer R Fetter, James Andrew Clark

Written for youth in grades 6-12, this tool introduces public and private water systems and includes an activity on how to read a water quality test report. More