Soil Management

Information on soil management of trees and shrubs, including nutritional requirements, soil testing, fertilization, soil fertility and pH. Tips on site selection and dealing with road salt injury.

25 Results

List Grid

When trees look like telephone poles, they are either planted too deeply or mulched too deeply. Either way, it is not good for the tree! Photo: Sandy Feather, Penn State
Mulch Volcanoes Are Erupting Everywhere! - News News
Extension educators, arborists, and other knowledgeable horticulturists have railed against the prevalence of mulch volcanoes for decades. So why do we still see so much mulch piled around the trunks of trees? More
Mulching Landscape Trees
Mulching Landscape Trees - Articles Articles

Mulching Landscape Trees

David R. Jackson

Mulches are materials placed over the soil surface to enhance landscape beauty, improve soil conditions, protect plants from foot traffic and lawn equipment, and suppress weeds. More
Green Industry Conference
Green Industry Conference - Conferences Conferences

Green Industry Conference

01/03/2019

Doylestown, PA

$80.00
Green industry professionals are invited to join us for professional development and networking opportunities. More
How to Pasteurize Medium and Sterilize Containers and Tools
How to Pasteurize Medium and Sterilize Containers and Tools - Articles Articles

How to Pasteurize Medium and Sterilize Containers and Tools

Jim Sellmer, Ph.D., Kathy Kelley, Ph.D., Phyllis Lamont

To increase the survival rate for seedlings during germination, containers and tools should be sterilized and pasteurized or sterile soilless mixes should be used as growing medium. More
Salt damage on a Leyland cypress. Photo: Tom Ford
Techniques for Dealing with Road Salt Injury - Articles Articles
Sodium chloride remains the predominant deicing compound utilized by residential property owners, township supervisors, and landscape contractors in our region. More
Home Fruit Gardens: Table 1.1. Fertilizer Equivalents
Home Fruit Gardens: Table 1.1. Fertilizer Equivalents - Articles Articles
Use this table to determine the equivalent amounts of nitrogen, phosphate, and potash of each fertilizer material. More
Nutritional Requirements of Stone Fruit in Home Fruit Plantings
Nutritional Requirements of Stone Fruit in Home Fruit Plantings - Articles Articles
Shortly after planting, apply 8 ounces of 10-10-10 per plant. More
Stone fruit trees produce vegetative buds and flower buds.
Planting and Growing Stone Fruit in Home Plantings - Articles Articles
Conduct a soil test, and lime and fertilize a 10-by-10-foot area where each tree will be planted. More
Nutritional Requirements of Grapes in Home Fruit Plantings
Nutritional Requirements of Grapes in Home Fruit Plantings - Articles Articles
Test and amend the soil according to the soil test directions a year before planting. More
Ko Ko Maung, Bugwood.org
Soil Fertility and pH in Home Fruit Plantings - Articles Articles
Soil provides support for the plant and is also the storehouse for plant nutrients, water, and oxygen for root growth. More
Gardening From the Ground Up
Gardening From the Ground Up - Articles Articles
Soil health and best practices for urban gardens More
Forest Stewardship: Backyard Trees
Forest Stewardship: Backyard Trees - Articles Articles

Forest Stewardship: Backyard Trees

William Elmendorf, Ph.D.

Trees help improve water quality, increase property values and make neighborhoods more visually appealing. This article provides tips for choosing, planting, and caring for backyard trees. More
Soil Testing
Soil Testing - Articles Articles
Soil testing is a soil-management tool used to determine the fertility of soil as well as the optimum lime and fertilizer requirements for crops. More
Impatiens, Downy Mildew - sporulation closeup, photo: Gary Moorman
Overview of Plant Diagnostics - Articles Articles
Getting to the bottom of a plant problem can be a challenge. More
Fertilizer injectors are available in many different types, sizes and injector ratios.
How to Mix a Stock Fertilizer Solution for Injectors - Articles Articles
Greenhouse and nursery operators can learn proper use of fertilizer injectors to deliver precise concentrations of water-soluble nutrients to plants. More
Detail shot of the bark of Pinus bungeana ’Silver Ghost’ at Dawes Arboretum, Newark, OH. Photo: Sandy Feather, Penn State Extension horticulture educator
Lacebark Pine: Its Bark is Better Than its Bite - Articles Articles
Lacebark pine, Pinus bungeana, is native to eastern and central China. More
To build a good orchard, you need a good foundation. The ideal site is on rolling or elevated land, so that cold air can drain during spring frosts. Remember that elevation may lead to wind or cold damage. Please consider location carefully.
Home Orchard - Site Selection - Articles Articles

Home Orchard - Site Selection

Robert Crassweller, Ph.D.

The success of an orchard is only as good as the planning and site preparation that go into it. More
Ericacea (Heath) Family and Their Culture
Ericacea (Heath) Family and Their Culture - Articles Articles

Ericacea (Heath) Family and Their Culture

Jim Sellmer, Ph.D., Rick Bates, Ph.D.

Generally, the ericaceous plants are woody and range in size from low ground covers to small trees over 20 feet tall. More
Choosing Plants Wisely
Choosing Plants Wisely - Articles Articles

Choosing Plants Wisely

Emelie Swackhamer, J. Robert Nuss, Larry Kuhns, Gregory Hoover

To create and maintain a healthy landscape, choose plants that are suited to the conditions in your yard. More
Spent Mushroom Substrate
Spent Mushroom Substrate - Articles Articles

Spent Mushroom Substrate

David Meigs Beyer, Ph.D.

Spent mushroom substrate is the soil-like material remaining after a crop of mushrooms. Spent substrate is high in organic matter making it desirable for use as a soil amendment or soil conditioner. More
Don't Guess... Soil Test
Don't Guess... Soil Test - Articles Articles

Don't Guess... Soil Test

Scott Guiser

Proper soil fertility is the foundation for plant health. Different types of plants have specific nutritional requirements and soil pH and nutrient levels vary greatly from site to site. More
Blueberries in the Home Fruit Planting
Blueberries in the Home Fruit Planting - Articles Articles
Several blueberry species are indigenous to the United States. More
Nutritional Requirements of Apples in Home Fruit Plantings
Nutritional Requirements of Apples in Home Fruit Plantings - Articles Articles
Generally, apple trees need fertilizing each year. More
Fertilization and Fertilizers in Home Fruit Plantings
Fertilization and Fertilizers in Home Fruit Plantings - Articles Articles
Although the total amount of nutrients in the soil is important, the balance among them can be even more critical. Too much of a nutrient can be just as bad as too little. More
Apples and Pears (Pome Fruit) in the Home Fruit Planting
Apples and Pears (Pome Fruit) in the Home Fruit Planting - Articles Articles
Apples and pears, botanically referred to as pomes, are excellent candidates for the home garden, as long as you are committed to the attention to detail and pest management they require. More