Tree Fruit Budget Tools

Every two years the faculty and extension personnel update the Penn State Tree Fruit Production Guide. Within the Guide are budgets for tree fruit production.
Tree Fruit Budget Tools - Articles


When considering planting an orchard or removing an existing block and replanting, you may use the budget tools to calculate your potential costs. You may also use these tools to calculate your production costs on a per acre basis.

If removing and replanting or planting a new block, use the Land Preparation Budget to determine your costs. Within this budget you will see a section at the bottom of the page to input specific coast such as tree removal, root and stump removal and various other costs. Use your best estimate to calculate these costs.

There are two apple tree planting budgets, one for High Density  (908 trees per acre) and one for Medium Density (272 trees per acre). You do not need to use these specific densities as you can change the figures to match your planned density. There is also a planting budget for Peaches which can be adapted for other stone fruit.

We do not have budgets for years with no production however, all budgets are interactive for you to use your specific figures. For the high density plantings, we have two budgets, one for using Mating Disruption and one with No Mating Disruption . These high density budgets are calculated to be sold as fresh production while the medium density production is calculated as sold for Processing Production . In the fresh market production budgets, a figure of 15% is added for marketing costs while the processing production has no marketing fee built in. There are places to add in additional costs so you can customize your budgets for your operation.

For stone fruit growers, you can use the same land preparation budget and there are separate budgets for Fresh-market Peach production , Tart Cherry production , and Dwarf Sweet Cherry production . The tart cherry budget is created for processing production and the peach and sweet cherry are for fresh-market sales.

When using these budgets, you will see a land charge included in the fixed costs portion of the budget. This land charge is to cover, interest on long term investment, repairs to capital items, property taxes, and farm insurance. You can add all of these costs together and divide by the total amount of acres you own and/or rent to determine this figure.

To use these budgets, you will need Adobe reader which you can download for free. You may save these budgets to use each year to track all income and expenses. For users of Microsoft Excel®, you may find that version on the Penn State Fruit Research and Extension Center web site.