Toxicity of Orchard Pesticides to Mite and Aphid Predators

The biological control potential of the vast majority of beneficial arthropods is not realized unless only pesticides that are selective and nontoxic to these arthropods are used.
Toxicity of Orchard Pesticides to Mite and Aphid Predators - Articles

Updated: August 8, 2017

Toxicity of Orchard Pesticides to Mite and Aphid Predators

Toxicity of pesticides at rates recommended in the Penn State Extension Tree Fruit Production Guide.

MaterialStethorus punctumBeesTyphlodromus pyriNeoseiulus fallacisZetzellia maliAphidoletesLady-
bugs
Minute pirate bugsLace-
wings
Fly and wasp para-
sitoids
Insecticides
Actara++++++++0+++++++++++
Agri-Flex++++++++0+++++++++++
Altacor0000000000
Apta--+++----------------
Asana XL++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Assail++++00+++++++++++
Avaunt++++000++++++++
azadirachtin+++--------+----+
Baythroid XL++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Belay++++++++0+++++++++++
Beleaf--+----------------
Belt0000000000
Bt0000000000
carbaryl++++++++++++++++++++++
Centaur++++++----------
codling moth granulosis virus0000000000
cyfluthrin++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Danitol+++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Delegate+++++++++++++
deltamethrin++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
diazinon++++++++++++++++++
Endigo++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Esteem++++0000++++++++++++
Exirel+++++++++++++++
imidacloprid+++++++0+++++++++
Imidan++++000++++++++++
Intrepid0000000000
Lannate++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Leverage+++++++++++----+++----+++
Lorsban until
½-inch green+++000+00++
Lorsban post
½-inch green+++
malathion++++000+++++++
Movento+++000++++--
Mustang Max+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Nealta0000000000
Permethrin+++++++++++++++++++++++
Proaxis++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Rimon+++++000--+++++++++++
Sevin XLR+++++++++++++++++++++++
Sivanto+++++000+++++++++++
Surround+++++++++++++--+++
Tourismo++++++--++++----
Venerate0000000000
Voliam Flexi++++++00+++++++++++
Voliam Xpress++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Warrior II++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Miticides
Acramite0+++++++++000--
Agri-Mek+++++++++++++--
Apollo SC000++0000--
Envidor+++000----------
Kanemite+0+++----------
Nexter+++++++++++++++++++++--
Portal++0++++++----------
Savey/Onager000++0000--
summer oil++++++++++++--
Vendex+++++++++++++--
Vydate+++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Zeal00++++++--------
Fungicides
Bayleton+0++--
captan+++++
Flint++000
Inspire Super+0000
lime sulfur+++*++++++++
mancozeb++++++
Polyram+++++++
Pristine+0000
Procure+0000
Rally+0000
Rubigan00000
Sovran00000
sulfur+++*++++
Thiram++++--
Topgard+0000
Topsin M+0++++
Vangard00000
Ziram+++++

+ = slightly toxic, ++ = moderately toxic, +++ = highly toxic, -- = no data available, 0 = nontoxic, * = repellent for more than one day.
For more on toxicity to honey bees, see Protecting Honeybees.
Some information adapted from New York Agricultural Experiment Station data, Midwest Biological Control News, and Washington State University Tree Fruit and Extension Center.

Source: Penn State Tree Fruit Production Guide