The Avian Egg

The avian egg is a marvel to nature's architecture.
The Avian Egg - Articles

Updated: August 8, 2017

The Avian Egg

As we know it, the egg is the single most complete food known to man. Versatile and nutritious, it is used every day in the preparation of the most common or the most fanciful meals.

Scientifically speaking, an egg (ovum) is the reproductive cell produced by the female. It remains a single cell until the single cell (nucleus) of the male sperm fertilizes it. Once fertilized, the egg has a full complement of chromosomes and genes to start developing.

What is normally called "an egg" (the chicken egg, for example) is a much more complex structure designed to nourish and protect the embryo growing from the zygote. A vigorous health chick can be hatched from each fertile egg. The egg needs only a warm, humid environment while the embryo is maturing.

Although human nutritional requirements are not the same as those of the chick, they are similar in so many respects that the egg has become a convenient, economical source of many of the essential proteins, minerals, and vitamins necessary to our good health.

Nutrition Information Per Serving
Serving Size = 2 U.S. Large Eggs (108 g edible portion)

Fat (Percentage of Calories-68%)
- Polyunsatured
- Saturated
12 g
1 g
4 g
Calories160
Protein13 g
Carbohydrates1 g
Sodium140

Percentage of U.S Recommended Daily Allowances (U.S.RDA)

Protein30
Iron10
Iodine35
Vitamin A10
Vitamin D15
Zinc10
Vitamin C*
Vitamin E 6
Pantothenic Acid15
Thiamin6
Vitamin B66
Copper4
Riboflavin20
Folic Acid15
Magnesium4
Niacin*
Vitamin B1215
Calcium6
Phosphorus20

* Contains less than 2% of U.S. RDA of these nutrients.

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