Spanish Ag Phrasebook

To aid managers in their ability to communicate with employees, we've compiled this book of Spanish phrases that relate to farm operations.
Spanish Ag Phrasebook - Articles
Spanish Ag Phrasebook

Photo by Loy Elliott

This phrasebook contains numerous alphabetized English keywords on the left margin with corresponding translated words and phrases opposite the English in lighter print. There are some simple phrases that can be used for many different things and you'll just need to add or remove a word. A simple guide to pronunciation (shown below) highlights important linguistic tools, such as softening a command to a more polite question. Abbreviations used in the phrasebook are detailed in the key.

Improving Communication in the Workplace

Spanish Pronunciation Guide

Vowels

a = "ah"
e = "ae"
i = "ee"
o = "oh"
u = "oo"
c - "s" before "e" or "i" - "k" every other time
q - "k" in que and qui.
rr - r sound is rolled
ñ - "ny"
ll - "y"

Softening Phrases:

It is important to remember that every business has a specific management culture. We recognize that this phrasebook may need to be adapted to individual styles of assigning tasks. This phrasebook mainly conjugates the verbs into the single person, imperative form to improve conciseness. If you choose to soften the task or duty, there are several easy methods.

  • First, you may ask the employee if he/she can do a task. Simply place the expression "can you" (¿Puedes…?) in front of the Spanish phrase.
  • Second, you may tell the employee that you would like him/her to do something. Simply place the expression "I would like you to..." (Me gustaría que…) in front of the Spanish phrase.
  • Third, you may choose to say please. Just add the Spanish word for please (Por favor) before or after the Spanish phrase.
  • Lastly, you can give positive feedback by saying "thank you" (Gracias).

Need additional help?

The following link contains more valuable help with Spanish pronunciation, including free audio!

An English-Spanish dictionary with synonyms in several languages can be found at Word Reference.

There also is a useful blog with slangs and general information about Mexican Spanish.

Abbreviation Key:

  • n.m. = noun, masculine
  • n.f. = noun, feminine
  • v. = verb

- A -

Alfalfa ………………………………………………………n.f. alfalfa
Agriculture……………………………………..…….…n.f. agricultura
Appetit………………………………………n.m. apetito, n.m. hambre
Apple……………………………………………………...n.f. manzana
Pick those apples………………………….recoge esas manzanas
Take those apples…………………………...lleva esas manzanas
Put the apples in the cooler………………ponga las manzanas en la hielera
Apple orchard………………...………………...………n.m. manzanar
Mow this (apple) orchard……………………corta este manzanar
Prune (trim) this (apple) orchard…………….poda este manzanar
Meet me at this apple orchard…………………………reúnete conmigo en este manzanar; te veo en este manzanar
Apply…………………………………………………………v. aplicar
Apply to this orchard………………………...aplica a esta huerta
Apply to this apple orchard………………aplica a este manzanar
Apply to this peach orchard….....aplica a esta huerta de duraznos
Apricot………………………………………………....n.m. chabacano
Asparagus…………………………………………..….n.m. espárragos
Automatic arm take-off (power take off, PTO)...n.m. brazo automático
The PTO shaft can be dangerous…………el brazo automático puede ser peligroso

- B -

Barn ……………………………………………………….n.m granero
Bailer ………………………………………………….n.f. empacadora
Bale (hay) ……………………………………………………..n.f. paca
Let's cut the bales (hay) ………..….cortemos las pacas (de heno)
Bandage …………………….…….…………..n.f. venda, n.m. vendaje
Bathroom …………………………………….………………n.m. baño
Beans ……………………………………………………...n.m. frijoles
Bed (of a truck) ………………….…………n.f. plataforma; n.m cajón
Bedroom …………………………….…………………..n.f. habitación
Beef cow ………………………………………….n.m. ganado vacuno
Benefits ………………………….……....n.m. beneficios; n.f. ventajas
Berry …………………………………………………….…….n.f. baya
Bill …………………………………………….……n.f. factura; cuenta
Bin ……………………………………………………………..n.f. caja
Blanket ………………………………………………………n.f. manta
Blueberry ……………………………..………….…….n.f. mora azul
Border (as in a garden) ………………………….…………n.m. límite
Box……………………………………….……….....n.f. caja de cartón
We need another skid of boxes ……………… necesitamos otra esquiva de cajas
Break ……………………………………………………n.m. descanso
Take a break ………………………………..………... descansa
Brick ………………………………………………………n.m. ladrillo
Broom ………………………………………………………n.f. escoba
Bring the broom …………………………………...trae la escoba
Bucket (pail) ………………………………..….n.m. cubo, n.m. balde
Let's clean the buckets …………....limpiamos los cubos (baldes)

- C -

Cable …………………………………………………………………
Electric ………………………………. n.m. cable de la corriente
Three core …………………... n.m. cable de tres polos (trifasico)
Calf ………………………………………………………..n.m. ternero
Calf hutch …………………………n.m. corral (de terneros); n.f. jaula
Can of spray paint (marking locations)………… n.f. pintura en spray (lata de pintura en spray)
Careful …………………………………………………n.m. cuidadoso
Please be careful …………………………por favor, ten cuidado
Caution ……………………………………...…………n.m.precaución
Cell phone ……………………………………………...…..n.m.celular
Chain ……………………………………………………….n.f. cadena
Connect the chain ……………………………..conecta la cadena
Chainsaw ………………………………………n.f. la sierra de cadena
Check.………………………………………………...v. revisar, checar
Check the oil …………………………….revisa (checa) el aceite
Cherries …………………………………….………………n.f. cerezas
Put the cherries in the cooler ……….pon las cerezas en la hielera
Harvest the cherries ……………….…………cosecha las cerezas
Chicken ……………………………………………………..n.m. pollo
Chicken manure ………………………………….n.m. abono de pollo
Cider ………………………………………………………….n.f. sidra
Clay ……………………………………………..n.f. arcilla; n.m. barro
Clean ………………………………………………………...v. limpiar
Clean the room ………………………….……….limpia el cuarto
Clover ………………………………………………………n.m. trébol
Commercial building ……………...…n.m. edificio, edificio comercial
Compost …..……………………………………..………n.f. composta
Computer ………………………………………….....n.f. computadora
Conveyor/elevator ……….…n.f. la cinta transportadora, n.m. elevador
Cold storage …………………………………….n.f. cámara frigorífica
Cooler ………………………………………………………………….
Water cooler …………………………………….n.f. cantimplora
Storage cooler ……………………………………...…n.f. hielera
Put the apples in the cooler …………………pon las manzanas en la hielera
Take the peaches out of the cooler ………………saca los duraznos de la hielera
Put the cherries in the cooler …….……………pon las cerezas en la hielera
Coop (chicken) ………………………………………….n.m. gallinero
Corn …………………………………………………………n.m. maíz
Counter top (kitchen) ……………………….n.m. mostrador, n.f. barra
Counter weight ……………………………………..n.m. el contrapeso
Cow …………………………………………………………...n.f. vaca
Crate …………………………………………………………...n.f. caja
Stack the crates …………………………………apila los cajones
Get more crates …………………………...consigue más cajones

- D -

Danger ……………………………………..…………….. n.m. peligro
Design (plans) …………………………………...…………. n.f. plano
Delivery truck ………………...……………….n.m. camión de reparto
Deer ……………………………………………......n.m.venado, ciervo
Dog ………………………………………………………….n.m. perro
The dog's name is ……………………...el perro se llama [name]
Door …………………………………………………………n.f. puerta
Close the door when finished ……………………cierra la puerta cuando termines
Dump truck …………………………………….n.m. camión de volteo

- E -

Edge ……………………………………………………...n.m. el borde
Edging ………………………………….n.m. borde (orilla) de la senda
Egg ……………………………………………..n.m. huevo, blanquillo
Electricity…………………...n.f. electricidad
Turn off lights to save electricity ……………………apaga las luces para ahorrar electricidad
Elevator ……………………………………….n.m. ascensor, elevador
Emergency …………………………………………….n.f. emergencia

- F -

Fan ……………………………………………………..n.m. ventilador
Farm …………………………………………………………n.f. granja
Feed bin …………………………………………… n.m. alimentador
Feed grinder/mixer …………...……………...n.m. molino de alimento
Fence …………………………………………………………n.f. cerca
Electric fence ………………………………la cerca electrificada
Fertilizer.………………………………………n.m. abono, fertilizante
Field ………………………………………………………..n.m. campo
Fields/farmland ………………………………………….campiña
Pick the rocks in the field …......…recoge las piedras en el campo
Fire …………………………………………………………n.m. fuego
Make a fire ………………….……………………haz una fogata
Firewood ……………………………………………………...n.f. leña
Today, we cut firewood ……………………...hoy, cortamos leña
Flower ………………………………………………………….n.f. flor
Flower bed ………………………………………..n.m. jardin de flores
Fluid ………………………………………………………..n.m. fluido
Forklift ………………………………………...n.f. carretilla elevadora
Be careful around the forklift …………………ten cuidado con la carretilla elevadora
Front end loader …………………………………………n.m. cargador
Fodder ……………………………………………………..n.m. forraje
Foot ……….…..n.f. pata (animals and things); n.m. pie (human being)
Fountain ……………………………………………………..n.f. fuente
Fruit ………………………………………………………….. n.f. fruta
Fruit trees …………………………………………n.m. árboles frutales

- G -

Gas tank ……………………………………….n.m. tanque de gasolina
Fill the gas tank …………...…………llena el tanque de gasolina
Gate ………………………………………...n.f. puerta, barrera, cancel
Gloves (work) …………………………………………… n.m. guantes
Here are gloves …………………………………aquí hay guantes
Wear gloves ………………………………………….usa guantes
Goat ……………………………………………..n.f. cabra, n.m. chivo
Grain ………………………………………………………..n.m. grano
Grass ………………………………………………. n.f. pasto, cesped
Cut the grass ………………………………..……...corta el pasto
Cut the grass in the orchard …………corta el cesped en el huerto
Grass seed ………………………………………..n.f. semilla de pasto
Gravel …………………………………………………...…...n.f. grava
Rake the gravel …………………………………rastrilla la grava
Greenhouse …………………………………………..n.m. invernadero
Greens …………………………………………………….n.f. verduras
Groundhog ………………………………………………..n.f. marmota
Gutter …..…………………………..…………………..n.f. alcantarilla

- H -

Halter …...………………………………………..n.m. cabestro, ronzal
Hammer …………………………………………………..n.m. martillo
Hand cultivator ……………………………….n.m. cultivador de mano
Handle with care ………………………………v. manejar con cuidado
Harvest …………………………………………………….n.f. cosecha
Harvest the apples ………………………...cosecha las manzanas
Harvest the cherries ………………………….cosecha las cerezas
Harvest the peaches ………………………..cosecha los duraznos
Hay …………………………………………………………..n.m. heno
Hedge shears ……………………………………n.f. Tijeras para podar
Herbicide ………………………………………………..n.m. herbicida
Hoe …..……………………………………………………..n.f. azadón
Hose ……………………………………………………..n.f. manguera
Horse ……………………………………………………...n.m. caballo
Hole ………………………………………………………….n.m. hoyo

- I -

Insecticide ……………………………………………..n.m. insecticida
Inspect the fruit …………………………………….v. examina la fruta
Irrigation system …………………………………………n.m. sistema de riego;dispositivo móvil de riego (portable system)

- J -

Jack (fork/pallet) ………………………………… n.m. gato hidráulico
Bring the jack ……………………………………….trae el gato
Jug …………………………………………………………… n.f. jarra
Milk jug ………………………………………….. jarra de leche

- K -

Key ……………………………………………………………n.f. llave
Knife …………………………..……………...n.f. navaja; n.m cuchillo
Gardener's knife …………………………………... n.m. cuchillo
Do you have your knife ……………………...¿tienes tu cuchillo?

- L -

Lawnmower …………………………………….………..n.f. podadora
Ladder ……………………………………………………..n.f. escalera
Carry the ladder this way …………………..lleva la escalera así
Climb the ladder this way ………………...sube a la escalera así
Set the ladder this way ……………………….fija la escalera así
Leaf …………………………………………………………... n.f. hoja
Leaf blower …………………………………….n.m. soplador de hojas
Lettuce ……………………………………………………..n.f. lechuga
Light …………………………………………………………….n.f. luz
Limestone …………………………………………….n.f. piedra caliza
Loppers (for pruning) ……………………….. n.m. podador de árboles
Lunch …………………………………………………...n.m. almuerzo
Take lunch, eat lunch…………………………..…. v. almuerza

- M -

Manual …………………………………………..……… n.m. manual
Please read the manual ……………..….por favor lee el manual
Manure ………………………….……………….n.m. estiércol, abono
Manure turner ………………………………..n.f. máquina de estiércol
Market …………………………………………………...n.m. mercado
Mechanic ……………………………………………….n.m. mecánico
Medication ………………………………………….n.m. medicamento
Melon ………………………………………………………n.m. melón
Milk …………………………………………………………..n.f. leche
Milk parlor …………………………………………n.f. sala de ordeñar
Milk tank ………………………………n.m. depósito de leche (cruda)
Milker ………………………………………………….….n.m. lechero
Mineral …………………………………………………….n.f. mineral
Minutes …………………………………………………..n.m. minutos
15 minutes ………………………………………quince minutos
30 minutes ………………………… treinta minutes/ media hora
Mower ……………………………………………………n.f. podadora
Mouse (vole) …………………………...………...n.m. ratón de campo
Mulch …..………………………………………...n.m. abono organico
Music ……………………………………………………….n.f. música
Play music while you work ……...pon música mientras trabajas

- N -

Nails …...….……………………………………..n.m. clavos, n.f. uñas
Use these nails …………………………………..usa estos clavos
Nozzle (of a hose) ……………………...n.f. boquilla (de la manguera)
Connect the nozzle to the hose ………………………………….
…..Conecta la boquilla a la manguera
Nursery ……………………………………………………n.m. vivero

- O -

Office ………………………………………n.f. oficina; n.m. despacho
May I see you in the office? ………....¿puedo verte en la oficina?
Pick it up at the office ………………….…recogelo en la oficina
Oil (as in motor) ……………………………………………n.m. aceite
Today, we change the motor oil …………………………………..
.. ...hoy, cambiamos el aceite del motor
Onions.. …………………………………………………...n.f. cebollas
Orchard …………………………………………………….n.m. huerto
Apple orchard ……………………………………..n.m manzanar
Cut the grass in the orchard …………corta el césped en el huerto
The orchard was sprayed …………………El huerto está rociado
Orchard row ……………………………………..n.f.hilera de la huerta

- P -

Pain …………………………………………………………….v. dolor
Are you in pain? ………………………………..….…. ¿te duele?
Patio …………………………………………………………n.m. patio
Paver stone ……………………………………………….n.m. adoquín
Pavement ………………………………………………n.m. pavimento
Pay raise ……………………………………...n. m. aumento de sueldo
Paycheck ……………………….………n.m. cheque del sueldo (pago)
Peach ………………………………………..n.m. durazno, melocotón
Pear ……………………………………………………………n.f. pera
Peas ……...…………………………………..n.m. chicharos, guisantes
Peat moss ….……………………………………………….n.m. musgo
Pen ……………………………………………....n.m. bolígrafo, corral
Do you have a pen? …………………………..tienes un bolígrafo
Pencil ………………………………………………………...n.m. lápiz
Peppers …………………………………..……...n.m.pimientos, chiles
Pesticide ………………………………………………...n.m. pesticide
Be careful with the pesticide.. .…….ten cuidado con el pesticida
Picture …………………………………………..n.m. cuadro, n. f. foto
Picking bag …………………………………... n.f. bolsa para recoger
Pickup truck …………………………………………….n.f. camioneta
Pipe (irrigation) …………………...n.m. tubo de irrigacion; n.f. tubería
Plant …………………………………n.f. planta; v. plantar; v. sembrar
Plastic bag ………………………………………..n.f. bolsa de plástico
Platform …………………………………...n.f. plataforma; n.m. andén
Plow ………………………………………………………...n.m. arado
Poisonous ……………………………………………………n.mtóxico
Pole saw …………………………………..n.f. sierra para cortar ramas
Cut the limbs with the pole saw ………………………………….
….corta las ramas con la sierra
Potatoes ……………………………………………………..n.f. papas
Pot …………………………………………........................ n.f. maceta
Potting soil.. .………………………………….n.f. tierra para macetas
Pumpkin …………………………………………………..n.f. calabaza
Pressure gauge ………………………………………..n.m. manómetro
Pressure washer ………………………………..n.m. lavado de presión
Pruning shears ……………………………………..n.f. tijeras de podar

- Q -

Question ………………………………………………..n.f. pregunta
I have a question …………………………...Tengo una pregunta
Do you have any questions? …………….…..¿Tienes preguntas?

- R -

Rabbit …………………………………………………..… n.m. conejo
Radio …………………………………………………………n.m.radio
Rake (hand tools) ……………………………….n.m. rastrillo de mano
Refrigerator …..………………….………n.m. refrigerador, frigorífico
You may use the refrigerator ………….puedes usar el frigorífico
Retaining wall ………………………………………………………….
….n.m. muro del jardín con albardilla; muro de contención
Rock …………………………………………………………n.f. piedra
Rope …..…………………………………………………….n.f. cuerda

- S -

Safety ……………………………………………………n.f. seguridad
This is for your safety …………………esto es para tu seguridad
Sand …………………………………………………………..n.f. arena
Saw …………………………………………………………..n.f. sierra
Scale …………………………………...n.f. balanza; balanza de cocina
Scanner (to keep track of fruit picked) ………………….. n.m. escáner
Seed ………………………………………………………...n.f. semilla
Seedling ……………………………………....n.f. vástago, n.m. planta
Sheep …………………………………………………………n.f. oveja
Shop vac …………………………………n.f. aspiradora para todo uso
Shovel ………………………………………………………...n.f. pala
Shrub ……………………………………………………...n.m. arbusto
Silage wagon ………………………….n.m. remolques autocargadores
Silo-unloader ……………………..n.m. dispositivo de silo de descargo
Sink …… n.m.fregadero (kitchen); n.m.lavabo, lavamanos (bathroom)
Skid ……………………………………………….n.f. tarima, varadera
Skid steer ………………………………….….n.m. cargador pequeño
Skidloader ……………………………………n.f. cargadora de troncos
Throw the trash in the skidloader ………………………………...
….tira la basura en la cargadora de troncos
Sod ………………...……………………………….n.m. pasto en rollo
Soil …………………………………………………………...n.f. tierra
Soybean ……………………………………………………….n.f. soya
Species ………………….……..n.f. especie, n.m. género, n.f. variedad
Spigot ……………………………………………..n.f. llave; n.m. grifo
Spray.. .………………………………………………………...v. rociar
Sprayer ………………………………………………..n.m. atomizador
Sprinkler …………………………………………………n.m. aspersor
Squash ……………..………………n.f. Calabaza (verde) n.m. chayote
Stable.. .……………………………………………………n.m. establo
Stakes (to stake a tree) ………………………………………n.m. poste
Stall ……………………………...n.m. compartimiento de los caballos
Stone ………………………………………………………...n.f. piedra
Stove …………………………………………………………n.f. estufa
Strainer.. ……………………………………………n.m. colador, filtro
Strawberry …………………………………………………….n.f. fresa
Supplement …………………………………………...n.m. suplemento
Sweep …………………………………………………………v. barrer
Sweep the floor ……………………………………..barre el piso
Symptoms (as in checking for illness) …...………………n.m. síntoma
Syringe ……………………………………………………...n.f. jeringa

- T -

Tailgate (on a truck) …………….…...…n.f. puerta trasera (camioneta)
Tank …………………………...………………..n.m. tanque; depósito
Fill up the water tank …………………...llena el tanque con agua
Tape measurer ………………………….…...………..n.f. cinta métrica
Television ……………………………...………………..n.f. televisión
Thread …………………………………………..n.f. cuerda, hilo, rosca
Tomatoes ……..…………………………………………n.m. jitomates
Topsoil …………………………………….n.f. capa superior del suelo
Tractor ……………………………………………………..n.m. tractor
Start the tractor …………………………………arranca el tractor
Trailer …………………………………………..n.m. trailer, remolque
For livestock …………………..…….n.m. remolque para ganado
Trash can ………..……………………...n.m. bote de basura, basurero
Tree ………………………………………………………….n.m. árbol
Tree stake ………………………n.m. estaca (poste) para árboles
Turf ………………………………………………………n.m.. césped

- U -

- V -


Vacation ……………………………………..…………n.f. vacaciones
Vaccination …………………………………………………n.f. vacuna
Variety (fruit) …………………………………….. n.f. variedad (fruta)
Ventilation flap …………………………………………..n.m. tragaluz
Open the ventilation flap ………………………...abre el tragaluz
Vegetable ………………………………………....n.f. verdura, vegetal
Veterinarian …………………………………………...n.m. veterinario

- W -

Wash ……………………………………………...……………v. lavar
Wash your hands there …………………..Lavate las manos ahí
Water ……………………………………………………….. n.m. agua
Would you like some water ……………………. ¿Quieres agua?
Watering can ……………………………………………...n.f. regadera
Weed trimmer...………………….n.f. podadora de orillas (perfiladora)
Use the weed trimmer ………………..Usa la perfiladora
Weed ………………………………………………………..n.f. hierba
Weight ……………………………………………………….n.m. peso
Wheelbarrow ……………………………………………..n.f. carretilla

- X -

- Y -

- Z -

Zone ……………………………………………………..……n.f. zona
Irrigation zone …………………………n.f. zona de la irrigación
Zero …………………………………………………………...n.m.cero

Recommendations for effective communication

  • When someone is introducing you, try to shake hands.
  • Latino people get closer than American people, try not to move away too far or too fast, because it may look like you don't like having them around.
  • Many Hispanic people possess skills from home but because of technology, they're unable to apply them in their current job.
  • Hispanic workers carry their cultural values and behaviors, rather than embrace United States values and traditions.
  • Giving positive reinforcement of good work behaviors is essential.
  • Daily communication with Hispanic employees is an essential part of good management.
  • Say please and thank you every time you request something.
  • Try to speak as much Spanish as you can (learn the common words and phrases).
  • Learn what workers expect from you.
  • Be polite and praise positive behaviors.
  • Show interest in other's culture, language and family.
  • Find ways to have fun.

Source: Stup, E. Richard; Tomas R. Maloney. Managing Hispanic workers: perceptions of Agricultural Managers. Penn State Extension. January 2003.

Left wanting more?

Our goal is help you communicate better. Are there words and/or phrases you'd like included in future publications? Pass your suggestions along to the contact below!

Compiled by Ben Cordivano, Ben Wenk, Katy Lesser, Leighton Rice, Evan Moore, Montserrat Fonseca Estrada

Authors

Tree Fruit Support for a Next Generation of Farmers Sustainable Specialty Crop Production Árboles frutales Apoyo a la Nueva Generación de productores Cultivos Especializados en Producción Sustentable

More by Montserrat Fonseca Estrada