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Passive Treatment Methods for Acid Water in Pennsylvania
Passive Treatment Methods for Acid Water in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles
Acid rain and acid mine drainage have polluted thousands of miles of Pennsylvania streams with acid water. This publication explains the chemistry of streams and treatment objections and guidelines. More
Spring Development and Protection
Spring Development and Protection - Articles Articles

Spring Development and Protection

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

Springs occur wherever groundwater flows out from the earth’s surface. Springs typically occur along hillsides, low-lying areas, or at the base of slopes. More
Proper Water Well Construction
Proper Water Well Construction - Articles Articles

Proper Water Well Construction

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

Sanitary water well caps and a grout seal around the casing can prevent surface water contamination of water wells. More
How to Store Water for Drinking or Cooking
How to Store Water for Drinking or Cooking - Articles Articles

How to Store Water for Drinking or Cooking

Cathy F. Bowen, Ph.D., Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

Storing water for an emergency is simple, especially when the water is not contaminated. Here are some guidelines for storing water. More
Managing Your Well During Drought
Managing Your Well During Drought - Articles Articles

Managing Your Well During Drought

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

Groundwater levels in wells vary over time. Water conservation and pump adjustments can help manage your water well during drought. More
Iron and Manganese in Private Water Systems Iron and Manganese in Private Water Systems - Articles

Iron and Manganese in Private Water Systems

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

Iron and manganese cause stains and tastes in water. They can be removed with several treatment processes described in this article. More
Coliform Bacteria
Coliform Bacteria - Articles Articles

Coliform Bacteria

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

This article describes what coliform bacteria are, where they come from and how to remove them from drinking water. More
Shock Chlorination of Wells and Springs
Shock Chlorination of Wells and Springs - Articles Articles

Shock Chlorination of Wells and Springs

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

Shock chlorination can be used to disinfect water supplies that have been contaminated as a result of a contamination incident. More
Figure 1. Typical calcitic limestone sand used for direct application to streams.
Limestone Sand: Pros and Cons - Articles Articles

Limestone Sand: Pros and Cons

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

Limestone sand has come into wide use in the treatment of waters acidified by acid rain or acid mine drainage. More
Lead in Drinking Water
Lead in Drinking Water - Articles Articles

Lead in Drinking Water

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D., Amy Galford

Learn how to determine if your drinking water contains too much lead, and discover ways to reduce lead in your water. More
Using Low-Yielding Wells
Using Low-Yielding Wells - Articles Articles

Using Low-Yielding Wells

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

There are several steps that can be used to increase the adequacy of a low-yielding well. More
Water Well Location by Fracture Trace Mapping
Water Well Location by Fracture Trace Mapping - Articles Articles

Water Well Location by Fracture Trace Mapping

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

Fracture Trace Mapping can be used to locate larger producing water wells for farms, businesses and large homes. More
Water System Planning: Estimating Water Needs
Water System Planning: Estimating Water Needs - Articles Articles

Water System Planning: Estimating Water Needs

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

Find out how to estimate homeowner or farmer water needs and calculate how much water must be delivered from a private water supply to meet these needs. More
Vertical Flow Wetlands
Vertical Flow Wetlands - Articles Articles

Vertical Flow Wetlands

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

Vertical flow wetlands (VFW) are a relatively new tool for treating waters acidified by mining or acid deposition. More
Household Water Conservation
Household Water Conservation - Articles Articles

Household Water Conservation

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

There are many water conservation methods that require little effort to incorporate, but produce significant results. More
Fish ponds provide can aesthetic beauty, wildlife habitat, fishing, swimming, as well as water for livestock, irrigation, or fire protection.
Management of Fish Ponds in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles

Management of Fish Ponds in Pennsylvania

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

Are you building a new pond on your property? Do you already have a pond that you use for swimming, irrigation, fishing, or other activities? More