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A promising stand of alfalfa in bloom. Image Credit: Jessica Williamson
Fall Forage Establishment - Articles Articles

Fall Forage Establishment

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D., Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Pasture managers and hay producers have a window of opportunity in the late summer and early fall to improve existing or establish new stands through seeding. More
credit: stevepb
The Ketogenic Diet: Is It For You? - Articles Articles

The Ketogenic Diet: Is It For You?

Katie Greenawalt, MS, CHES, Sami Schug

The ketogenic or "keto" diet for weight loss is stirring up conversation in the nutrition community. Before deciding if this diet is for you, it is important to explore both sides of the issue. More
Photo Credit: Joseph Young, Unsplash
Mindfull or Mindful? - Articles Articles

Mindfull or Mindful?

Katie Greenawalt, MS, CHES

This article explains what mindfulness is, details mindfulness meditation, gives the major benefits of mindfulness, and provides examples of ways to be more mindful every day. More
De-stress for Health
De-stress for Health - Articles Articles

De-stress for Health

Katie Greenawalt, MS, CHES

When it exceeds a certain level, stress stops being beneficial and can cause major damage to your body, mind, and health. More
Forage Variety Trials Reports
Forage Variety Trials Reports - Articles Articles

Forage Variety Trials Reports

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Forage Trials Report summarizes performance data collected from ongoing forage trials at two sites in Pennsylvania. More
Take Advantage of Your Existing Markets
Take Advantage of Your Existing Markets - Articles Articles
When it comes to the livestock business, or any agricultural enterprise, a broad perspective and an open mind about potential market channels can help strengthen your business. More
Determining Pasture Yield
Determining Pasture Yield - Articles Articles

Determining Pasture Yield

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Direct and indirect methods of determining pasture yield. More
Forage Quality in Perspective
Forage Quality in Perspective - Articles Articles

Forage Quality in Perspective

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Fluctuations in milk prices, feed costs, and government programs are forcing dairy farmers to become more efficient with their farm operation. More
Where to Send Samples for Analysis
Where to Send Samples for Analysis - Articles Articles
Once you have gone to the effort of correctly collecting a sample, how can you be sure that the results you receive from the testing laboratory are accurate? More
Why Test Forage Quality?
Why Test Forage Quality? - Articles Articles

Why Test Forage Quality?

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Greater net profit is the bottom line for why livestock producers need to know the quality of the forages they are feeding! More
NUBeef-BCS
Let New Technology Help With an Old School Chore - Articles Articles
Evaluating the Body Condition Score of individual females in your cowherd will go a long way in determining how you feed your herd during the winter months. More
Forage Quality Testing: Why, How, and Where
Forage Quality Testing: Why, How, and Where - Articles Articles

Forage Quality Testing: Why, How, and Where

Marvin Hall, Ph.D., Virginia A. Ishler

For nearly four decades, scientists have been refining the ability to test forages for quality. More
Pasture and Hay for Horses
Pasture and Hay for Horses - Articles Articles

Pasture and Hay for Horses

Marvin Hall, Ph.D., Pat M. Comerford

To minimize feed costs, it is important to keep horses healthy and feed them a balanced ration that meets their nutritional needs. More
Calibration of Grain/Seed Drills
Calibration of Grain/Seed Drills - Articles Articles

Calibration of Grain/Seed Drills

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA, Ron Hoover

The seed delivery system in drills is not as precise as that used in planters because they use flutes or sponges to meter seed instead of seed singulation. More
Warm-Season Grasses for Pheasants
Warm-Season Grasses for Pheasants - Articles Articles

Warm-Season Grasses for Pheasants

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Warm-season grasses such as big bluestem and switchgrass can provide forage for animals throughout the summer months when cool-season grasses become less productive. More
Tall Fescue
Tall Fescue - Articles Articles

Tall Fescue

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

In Pennsylvania, Tall fescue has been used primarily for conservation purposes but is well suited as hay, silage, or pasture. More
Strategies for Extending the Grazing Season
Strategies for Extending the Grazing Season - Articles Articles
Several strategies can be employed to supply forage into the fall or early winter. More
Need Forage? Try Annual Crops
Need Forage? Try Annual Crops - Articles Articles

Need Forage? Try Annual Crops

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Alternative species to meet forage needs and supplement feedstocks. More
Grazing Winter Small Grains
Grazing Winter Small Grains - Articles Articles

Grazing Winter Small Grains

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Grazing winter small grains can be an easy and profitable way to start grazing early in the season, but requires proper management of the crop and livestock. More
Grazing Alfalfa in Pennsylvania
Grazing Alfalfa in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles

Grazing Alfalfa in Pennsylvania

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Grazing alfalfa is not a new practice. Alfalfa has been grazed alone or in mixtures with grasses and other legumes since its introduction into the United States. More
Four Steps to Rotational Grazing
Four Steps to Rotational Grazing - Articles Articles

Four Steps to Rotational Grazing

J. Craig Williams, Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

A well-managed pasture program can be the most economical way to provide forage to ruminant animals. More
John D. Byrd, Mississippi State University, Bugwood.org
Grass Tetany in Grazing Animals - Articles Articles

Grass Tetany in Grazing Animals

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Be alert to the potential risk for Grass Tetany in high potassium soils and when other conditions are favorable for the development of this livestock illness. More
Howard F. Schwartz, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org
Alfalfa Frost Heaving: Assessing the Damage - Articles Articles
March is the time to scout for alfalfa frost heaving so that preparations can be made if the stand will need to be rotated out in spring. More
Fig. 1. Brown stripe on orchardgrass
Diseases in Orchardgrass - Articles Articles

Diseases in Orchardgrass

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Major diseases of orchardgrass in our area has no quick fix yet, but fertility management helps. More
Beware of the Dangers of Hot Hay
Beware of the Dangers of Hot Hay - Articles Articles

Beware of the Dangers of Hot Hay

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Wet weather can make hay making difficult. Therefore, it’s especially important to monitor the temperature and condition of stored hay. More
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