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Photo 1. Blueberry blossom showing the characteristic flowers of this plant. Note that the flowers are closed, bell-shaped and pendant. Photo credit: Nicole Castle, contributed to Plant Village.
Who Pollinates Pennsylvania Blueberry Plants? - Articles Articles

Who Pollinates Pennsylvania Blueberry Plants?

Margarita López-Uribe, Ph.D., Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D., Kristal Watrous, Nolan Amon

Blueberries (genus Vaccinium) are a high-value crop in Pennsylvania and the United States, with an estimated value of at least $825 million to the US economy in 2014. More
Yellowmargined leaf beetle (YMLB) adult. Photo: Michael Skvarla, Penn State
Yellowmargined Leaf Beetle Serious Pest in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles

Yellowmargined Leaf Beetle Serious Pest in Pennsylvania

Michael J. Skvarla, Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D.

Yellowmargined leaf beetle (YMLB) (Microtheca ochroloma) is a serious pest of cruciferous crops. More
Orchard IPM - Apple Scab Scouting and Management
Orchard IPM - Apple Scab Scouting and Management - Articles Articles

Orchard IPM - Apple Scab Scouting and Management

Kari A. Peter, Ph.D., Tianna DuPont

Make sure you know where apple scab overwinters, how to monitor, and when it is most likely to appear. More
Predator mite attacking European red mite. Photo courtesy of Dr. David Biddinger
Orchard IPM - European Red Mite Biological Control - Articles Articles

Orchard IPM - European Red Mite Biological Control

Dave Biddinger, Ph.D., Tara Baugher, Tianna DuPont

Infestations of red mites can result in smaller fruit and a reduced fruit bloom the following season. More
Photo by Tricia Borneman, Blooming Glen Farm
Keeping Produce Fresh: Best Practices for Producers - Articles Articles
Fruit and vegetable producers can follow these best practices for keeping produce fresh and safe in the field, at harvest, and through proper postharvest steps of cooling, washing, storage, and packing. More
Pests of Vegetables
Pests of Vegetables - Articles Articles

Pests of Vegetables

Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D.

A list of common pests and the vegetables they affect. More
Vine Crops - Insect Identification and Control in the Home Garden
Vine Crops - Insect Identification and Control in the Home Garden - Articles Articles
Insects attack vine crops from seeding until harvest. More
Early Season Soil Pests
Early Season Soil Pests - Articles Articles

Early Season Soil Pests

Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D.

A cold winter will should slow the start of insect population development. More
Photo credit Mary Ann Frazier, Penn State Extension.
Who are Our Pollinators? - Articles Articles

Who are Our Pollinators?

Christina Grozinger, Ph.D., Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D., Krishona Martinson

Approximately three quarters of our major food crops are pollinated. Here we will look at how wild bees provide insurance against ongoing honey bee losses. More
Small Striped Bee (Halictus). Photo USGS Bee Inventory.
What Can We Do to Encourage Native Bees? - Articles Articles

What Can We Do to Encourage Native Bees?

Christina Grozinger, Ph.D., Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D., Tianna DuPont

Pollinators need a diverse, abundant food source and a place to build their nests and rear their young. If we keep these two elements in mind we can encourage native bee populations. More
Photo: Loy Elliot
Grant and Loan Opportunities for Starting your Farm - Articles Articles
There is very little grant money available but here are a few resources for loan and grant organizations to help you as you start or grow your farm. More
Land Contract Program Supports Land Owners Selling to New Farmers
Land Contract Program Supports Land Owners Selling to New Farmers - Articles Articles
A land contract is a tool which can be used in transferring land to the next generation farmer as well. More
Seedcorn maggot life cycle Photo: Art Cushman, USDA Systematics Entomology Laboratory, Bugwood.org
Don’t Transplant Maggots - Articles Articles

Don’t Transplant Maggots

Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D.

Root maggot infestations can start when growing the transplants. More
Bombus in pollinator cover crop plots. Photo credit Tianna DuPont.
Pesticides and Pollinators - Articles Articles

Pesticides and Pollinators

Christina Grozinger, Ph.D., Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D., Tianna DuPont

Researchers believe that long term honey bee declines are a result of a complex set of factors. More
Varroa mite parasitizing bee. Thought to be one of the major factors contributing to hive losses. Photo Alex Wild.
Pollinator Declines - Articles Articles

Pollinator Declines

Christina Grozinger, Ph.D., Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D., Tianna DuPont

Domestic honey bees hives are down by 59% compared to 60 years ago with rapid declines over the last forty years. The populations of some native bee species may also be declining. More
Thor Oechsner showing screens from the seed cleaner.
From Field to Flour - Articles Articles

From Field to Flour

Tianna DuPont

Are local grain products like polenta, wheat berries, pasta, and flour possible in the Northeast? More
Finding and Keeping Good Employees
Finding and Keeping Good Employees - Articles Articles
As a new farmer, managing employees can be a huge challenge. More
Field day participants discuss disease management with Farmer Anton Shannon, at Good Work Farm.
Start Farming: Developing Your Disease Management Plan - Articles Articles
A field day at one of Penn State Extension’s Models for the Future sites reviewed the importance of a comprehensive disease management plan for your operation. More
Scouting frequently and regularly could save your crop.
Scouting for Pests and Diseases - Articles Articles

Scouting for Pests and Diseases

Emelie Swackhamer, Tianna DuPont

Plant, weed, hoe, cultivate, water, plant, fertilize, water . . . No time to stop and take a close look for pests and diseases? Take a few minutes. It could save your crop. More
European corn borer: mouthparts pointing forward, glassy or cream colored body, wriggles when flicked with a finger as an escape behavior. Invades ear from side, bottom, or tip. Photo credit: M. E. Rice.
Avoiding Worms in Sweet Corn: How to Time Management Options - Articles Articles
Three species cause ‘wormy’ corn: the European corn borer, corn earworm, and fall armyworm. Insect traps baited with sex pheromones help time management options. More
Onion, Seed Corn, and Cabbage Maggots
Onion, Seed Corn, and Cabbage Maggots - Articles Articles

Onion, Seed Corn, and Cabbage Maggots

Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D., Tianna DuPont

These maggots attack seeds and small seedlings. While cabbage maggot and onion maggot attack only the seeds and seedlings of their namesakes, seed corn maggot will attack many plant species. More
Reducing Soil Borne Diseases with Cover Crops
Reducing Soil Borne Diseases with Cover Crops - Articles Articles
Soil-borne diseases can be devastating to vegetable crops. More
Food Safety Tips for Washing Produce
Food Safety Tips for Washing Produce - Articles Articles
Water can move a pathogen from one piece of produce to a large volume of produce. Keep these tips in mind to keep your produce safe. More
Wild Bees for Pennsylvania Cucurbits
Wild Bees for Pennsylvania Cucurbits - Articles Articles

Wild Bees for Pennsylvania Cucurbits

Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D.

In addition to honey bees, which are managed, various un-managed species that exist as wild populations play key roles in providing pollination of cucurbit crops. More
The Adams County Farmers Market Association helps farmers catch consumers' eyes through the SIMPLE method.
SIMPLE Ways to Increase Direct Sales - Articles Articles
SIMPLE – Sales, Interest, Motivation, Purchases, Location, and Evaluation - ways to capture consumers’ interest and dollars in common direct marketing settings. More
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