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Nitrogen deficiency in corn, characterized by yellowing along the midrib of the lower leaves, starting at the leaf tip and moving towards the stalk. (Image credit: Charlie White)
What is the Potential for Nitrogen Losses from Extreme Summer Rainfall - Articles Articles
The severity of nitrogen losses from extreme summer rainfalls, and how you react to them, depends on many factors. More
Potassium deficiency on this corn crop is exhibited by yellowing and necrosis of the leaf edges in the lower part of the canopy. Image credit: Jeff Graybill
Scouting for Nutrient Deficiencies - Articles Articles
Regular visual inspections, paired with tissue testing, soil sampling, and some help from eyes in the sky, can help diagnose nutrient deficiencies in a growing crop. More
Urea granules treated with a urease inhibitor. Photo credit: Charlie White
Will Your Nitrogen Stabilizer be Effective? - Articles Articles
Nitrogen stabilizer products are valuable management tools to prevent losses of N fertilizer and increase N use efficiency by the crop. Knowing how these products work will you help you maximize their effectiveness. More
Photo credit: Patrick Drohan
Soil pH Affects Forage Production - Articles Articles

Soil pH Affects Forage Production

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D., Charles White

Soil pH can be one of the greatest determinates of forage productivity and stand life. More
A field must have greater than 25% crop residue cover or a cover crop to be eligible for winter manure spreading, along with other restrictions. Photo credit: Charlie White
The Do’s and Don’ts of Winter Manure Spreading - Articles Articles
If winter manure spreading is absolutely unavoidable, follow these requirements to do it legally. More
Manure Fertilizer, Photo Credit: Nicole Santangelo, PSU
Is Your Farm Ready for Inspection? - Articles Articles
By the end of 2018, 1 in 5 Pennsylvania farms within the Chesapeake Bay watershed will have been visited by the Chesapeake Bay Agricultural Inspections Program. More
Can I Apply Potash in Winter?
Can I Apply Potash in Winter? - Articles Articles

Can I Apply Potash in Winter?

Charles White, Nicole Santangelo

Ensuring properly timed potassium applications where they are needed when conditions permit. More
Figure 5. Alternating row configuration is one strategy to manage competition between species in a mixture. Here forage radish alternates with Austrian winter pea.
Making the Most of Mixtures: Considerations for Winter Cover Crops - Articles Articles
This article discusses tailoring a cover crop mixture, building a complementary mix, determining which species to use, methods to establish mixtures, and considerations when terminating mixtures. More
Managing Soil Health: Concepts and Practices
Managing Soil Health: Concepts and Practices - Articles Articles

Managing Soil Health: Concepts and Practices

Charles White, Mary Barbercheck, Ph.D.

Information for farmers and gardeners who want to understand the physical, chemical, and biological components of healthy soil and how to manage them. More
Photo by Tricia Borneman, Blooming Glen Farm
Keeping Produce Fresh: Best Practices for Producers - Articles Articles
Fruit and vegetable producers can follow these best practices for keeping produce fresh and safe in the field, at harvest, and through proper postharvest steps of cooling, washing, storage, and packing. More
Rye Hairy Vetch. Photo: Elsa Sanchez
Growing Cover Crops for Nitrogen on Vegetable Farms - Articles Articles

Growing Cover Crops for Nitrogen on Vegetable Farms

Elsa Sanchez, Ph.D., Charles White

There are a lot of good reasons for using covers crops on vegetable farms including recycling or adding nitrogen to the soil. More
Finding and Keeping Good Employees
Finding and Keeping Good Employees - Articles Articles
As a new farmer, managing employees can be a huge challenge. More
Bombus in pollinator cover crop plots. Photo credit Tianna DuPont.
Pesticides and Pollinators - Articles Articles

Pesticides and Pollinators

Christina Grozinger, Ph.D., Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D., Tianna DuPont

Researchers believe that long term honey bee declines are a result of a complex set of factors. More
Reducing Soil Borne Diseases with Cover Crops
Reducing Soil Borne Diseases with Cover Crops - Articles Articles
Soil-borne diseases can be devastating to vegetable crops. More
Bobbin attached to wire at top of tomato trellis.
High Tunnel Tomato Production Basics - Articles Articles
Tomatoes are king in high tunnels. Tom Ford, Penn State Extension, explains a few best management practices for successful high tunnel tomatoes. More
Neoseiulus californicus, predatory mite.
Mites Like It Hot - Articles Articles

Mites Like It Hot

Tianna DuPont

Hot, dry weather is favorable for mite infestations. Mites can be seen in tomatoes, eggplant, cucumbers, strawberries and raspberries. More
Vicon spinner precision seeder.
Innovative Ways to Plant Fall Cover Crops - Articles Articles
Cover crops offer multiple benefits from soil conservation to weed suppression. To reap benefits, the ideal planting time is mid-August to mid-September. More
Harlequin Bug Russ Ottens University of Georgia
Harlequin Bugs – A Growing Problem in Pennsylvania? - Articles Articles
The harlequin bug is an important insect pest of cabbage and related crops in the southern half of the United States. Recently it has been reported more frequently in southeastern Pennsylvania. More
Thor Oechsner showing screens from the seed cleaner.
From Field to Flour - Articles Articles

From Field to Flour

Tianna DuPont

Are local grain products like polenta, wheat berries, pasta, and flour possible in the Northeast? More
Stress is common when temperatures exceed 90 F for several days in a row, humidity at 70% or more, and night temperatures no lower than 75 F; conditions that rarely occur in this area.
Does Shade Affect Weight Gain and Production? - Articles Articles
Grass fed beef producer in Northampton County heard that access to shade can affect weight gain and thus his bottom line... but what does research say? More
Scouting frequently and regularly could save your crop.
Scouting for Pests and Diseases - Articles Articles

Scouting for Pests and Diseases

Emelie Swackhamer, Tianna DuPont

Plant, weed, hoe, cultivate, water, plant, fertilize, water . . . No time to stop and take a close look for pests and diseases? Take a few minutes. It could save your crop. More
Small Striped Bee (Halictus). Photo USGS Bee Inventory.
What Can We Do to Encourage Native Bees? - Articles Articles

What Can We Do to Encourage Native Bees?

Christina Grozinger, Ph.D., Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D., Tianna DuPont

Pollinators need a diverse, abundant food source and a place to build their nests and rear their young. If we keep these two elements in mind we can encourage native bee populations. More
Varroa mite parasitizing bee. Thought to be one of the major factors contributing to hive losses. Photo Alex Wild.
Pollinator Declines - Articles Articles

Pollinator Declines

Christina Grozinger, Ph.D., Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D., Tianna DuPont

Domestic honey bees hives are down by 59% compared to 60 years ago with rapid declines over the last forty years. The populations of some native bee species may also be declining. More
Onion, Seed Corn, and Cabbage Maggots
Onion, Seed Corn, and Cabbage Maggots - Articles Articles

Onion, Seed Corn, and Cabbage Maggots

Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D., Tianna DuPont

These maggots attack seeds and small seedlings. While cabbage maggot and onion maggot attack only the seeds and seedlings of their namesakes, seed corn maggot will attack many plant species. More
Food Safety Tips for Washing Produce
Food Safety Tips for Washing Produce - Articles Articles
Water can move a pathogen from one piece of produce to a large volume of produce. Keep these tips in mind to keep your produce safe. More
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