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Herramientas para escribir un plan de inocuidad de los alimentos para la huerta
Herramientas para escribir un plan de inocuidad de los alimentos para la huerta - Articles Articles

Herramientas para escribir un plan de inocuidad de los alimentos para la huerta

Luke LaBorde, Ph.D., Maria Gorgo-Gourovitch, Lee Stivers

El Sistema de Extensión Cooperativa de Penn State tiene a su disposición una serie de plantillas, listas de verificación y registros para ayudar a los agricultores de frutas y vegetales frescos en la escritura de sus planes de inocuidad de los alimentos para la huerta. More
Various gourds and squash in bins after harvest. Photo courtesy of the Chesapeake Bay Foundation (cbf.org)
Keep Fresh Produce Safe Using Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) - Articles Articles

Keep Fresh Produce Safe Using Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs)

Luke LaBorde, Ph.D., Jeffrey Stoltzfus, Lee Stivers

Minimizing farm food safety risks are discussed along with Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture and Penn State Extension contacts for information on FSMA food safety inspections and USDA audits. More
Steatoda grossa female. Photo by Steven Jacobs, Penn State Extension
False Black Widow Spider - Articles Articles

False Black Widow Spider

Steve Jacobs

The false black widow is found in the coastal states of the Atlantic, Gulf, and Pacific regions. It is a common spider in homes and other structures. More
Parasteatoda tepidariorum female. Photo by Steven Jacobs, Penn State Extension
Common House Spider - Articles Articles

Common House Spider

Steve Jacobs

Parasteatoda tepidariorum is widely distributed throughout the world. It commonly constructs webs in the corners of walls and windows in houses and barns. More
Eris militaris. Photo by Lynette Elliott, BugGuide.net, photo# 457511
Bronze Jumper - Articles Articles

Bronze Jumper

Steve Jacobs

This spider is found throughout most of the continental United States and Canada. More
Salticus scenicus female. Photo by Steven Jacobs, Penn State Extension
Zebra Jumper - Articles Articles

Zebra Jumper

Steve Jacobs

This spider, originally from Europe and Asia, is found sporadically from Nova Scotia to British Columbia, south to Georgia, and westward to Colorado. More
Cheiracanthium inclusum male. Photo by Steven Jacobs, Penn State Extension
Agrarian Sac Spider and Longlegged Sac Spider - Articles Articles
Sac spiders are found on foliage; under leaf litter, stones, and boards; on buildings under windowsills and siding; and in wall and ceiling corners in homes. More
Pholcus phalangioides. Photo by Anita Gould, Flickr
Longbodied Cellar Spider - Articles Articles

Longbodied Cellar Spider

Steve Jacobs

The longbodied cellar spider has extremely long legs and is found in many types of buildings throughout the year. It is not known to be in any way harmful. More
Phidippus audax showing green chelicerae. Photo by Ryan Kaldari, WikiMedia
Bold Jumper Spider - Articles Articles

Bold Jumper Spider

Steve Jacobs

The jumping spiders are small, compact hunting spiders. Phidippus audax is the most common jumping spider seen in and around Pennsylvania homes. More
Paraphidippus aurantius female. Photo by Isa Betancourt, BugGuide.net, photo# 1031635
Emerald Jumper - Articles Articles

Emerald Jumper

Steve Jacobs

This colorful spider had not been recorded previously in Pennsylvania. However, it has been identified in Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, and ten other states. More
Loxosceles reclusa male. Photo by Richard Vetter
Brown Recluse Spiders - Articles Articles

Brown Recluse Spiders

Steve Jacobs

Eleven species of Loxosceles are indigenous to the continental United States, four of which are known to be harmful to humans. More
Araneus marmoreus female. Photo by Steven Jacobs, Penn State Extension
Marbled Orbweaver Spider - Articles Articles

Marbled Orbweaver Spider

Steve Jacobs

The genus Araneus has about 1,500 species worldwide, making it the largest of all the spider genera. More
Araneus saevus male. Photo by Steven Jacobs, Penn State Extension
Fierce Orbweaver - Articles Articles

Fierce Orbweaver

Steve Jacobs

Araneus saevus is found from Canada into the northern United States. It can be seen in forested areas and suburbia with mature landscape plantings. More
Trachelas tranquillus female. Photo by Steven Jacobs, Penn State Extension
Broad-Faced Sac Spider - Articles Articles

Broad-Faced Sac Spider

Steve Jacobs

Trachelas tranquillus can be found on foliage; under leaf litter, stones, and boards; and on buildings under the windowsills and siding. More
Argiope aurantia on web showing stabilimentum. Photo by Deisy Mendoza, WikiMedia
Yellow Garden Spider - Articles Articles

Yellow Garden Spider

Steve Jacobs

Yellow garden spiders are seen in gardens, tall weeds, and sunny areas with bushes and other supporting structures on which they build their large orb webs. More
Micrathena gracilis female
Spined Micrathena - Articles Articles

Spined Micrathena

Steve Jacobs

This small spider is commonly encountered in wooded locations, including landscaped residential and suburban locales. More
Araneus diadematus female. Photo by Steven Jacobs, Penn State Extension
Cross Orbweaver Spider - Articles Articles

Cross Orbweaver Spider

Steve Jacobs

The cross orbweaver was probably introduced from Europe. This showy orbweaver is commonly encountered next to buildings with exterior lighting. More
Tegenaria domestica male. Photo by Steven Jacobs, Penn State Extension
Barn Funnel Weaver Spider - Articles Articles
This funnel weaver is found throughout most of the United States, most notably in sheds and barns, in the crevices of doors, and under rocks and boards. More
Whitney Cranshaw, Colorado State University. Bugwood.org
Banded Garden Spider - Articles Articles

Banded Garden Spider

Steve Jacobs

Banded garden spiders inhabit similar locations as yellow garden spiders, but are not as common in Pennsylvania. More
Agelenopsis species female. Photo by Steven Jacobs, Penn State Extension
Grass Spiders - Articles Articles

Grass Spiders

Steve Jacobs

Grass spiders are common in Pennsylvania and can be recognized by their large, sheet-like webs with a funnel or tunnel located off to one side. More
Joseph Berger, Bugwood.org
Hacklemesh Weaver Spiders - Articles Articles
Amaurobius and Callobius species of spiders are found in damp locations under bark, leaf litter, and stones, as well as in woodpiles and other protected areas. More
Tigrosa aspersa. Photo by Jim Eckert, BugGuide.net, photo #1540834
Wolf Spiders - Articles Articles

Wolf Spiders

Steve Jacobs

Wolf spiders are large hunting spiders. Two notable species, Hogna carolinensis and H. aspersa, are occasionally encountered in Pennsylvania homes. More
Herpyllus ecclesiasticus. Photo by Joseph Berger, Bugwood
Parson Spider - Articles Articles

Parson Spider

Steve Jacobs

Stealthy ground spiders hunt at night and hide under leaves, boards, and stones during the day. The most commonly encountered of these is the parson spider. More
Dysdera crocata female. Photo by Steven Jacobs, Penn State Extension
Woodlouse Hunter Spider - Articles Articles

Woodlouse Hunter Spider

Steve Jacobs

The woodlouse hunter spider preys on pill bugs or sow bugs (order Isopoda) and derives its common name from the British common name for these crustaceans. More
Let's Preserve: Freezing Fruits
Let's Preserve: Freezing Fruits - Articles Articles

Let's Preserve: Freezing Fruits

Luke LaBorde, Ph.D., Martha Zepp, Andy Hirneisen, MA

This article explains how to freeze foods successfully and provides details on freezing specific fruits. More
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