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A promising stand of alfalfa in bloom. Image Credit: Jessica Williamson
Fall Forage Establishment - Articles Articles

Fall Forage Establishment

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D., Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Pasture managers and hay producers have a window of opportunity in the late summer and early fall to improve existing or establish new stands through seeding. More
Forage Variety Trials Reports
Forage Variety Trials Reports - Articles Articles

Forage Variety Trials Reports

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Forage Trials Report summarizes performance data collected from ongoing forage trials at two sites in Pennsylvania. More
Determining Pasture Yield
Determining Pasture Yield - Articles Articles

Determining Pasture Yield

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Direct and indirect methods of determining pasture yield. More
Tall Fescue
Tall Fescue - Articles Articles

Tall Fescue

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

In Pennsylvania, Tall fescue has been used primarily for conservation purposes but is well suited as hay, silage, or pasture. More
Heat Detection and Timing of Insemination for Cattle
Heat Detection and Timing of Insemination for Cattle - Articles Articles
Topics covered in this publication include information about the bovine estrous cycle, heat detection, optimal timing of insemination, and tools for management. More
Howard F. Schwartz, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org
Alfalfa Frost Heaving: Assessing the Damage - Articles Articles
March is the time to scout for alfalfa frost heaving so that preparations can be made if the stand will need to be rotated out in spring. More
Need Forage? Try Annual Crops
Need Forage? Try Annual Crops - Articles Articles

Need Forage? Try Annual Crops

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Alternative species to meet forage needs and supplement feedstocks. More
Poisonous Pasture Weeds
Poisonous Pasture Weeds - Articles Articles

Poisonous Pasture Weeds

Marvin Hall, Ph.D., Dwight Lingenfelter, William S. Curran, Ph.D.

Grazing animals will very rarely eat poisonous weeds if there are other options. However, the wet weather has been great for poisonous plant growth and the concern is heightened. More
John D. Byrd, Mississippi State University, Bugwood.org
Grass Tetany in Grazing Animals - Articles Articles

Grass Tetany in Grazing Animals

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Be alert to the potential risk for Grass Tetany in high potassium soils and when other conditions are favorable for the development of this livestock illness. More
Beware of the Dangers of Hot Hay
Beware of the Dangers of Hot Hay - Articles Articles

Beware of the Dangers of Hot Hay

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Wet weather can make hay making difficult. Therefore, it’s especially important to monitor the temperature and condition of stored hay. More
Fig. 1. Brown stripe on orchardgrass
Diseases in Orchardgrass - Articles Articles

Diseases in Orchardgrass

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Major diseases of orchardgrass in our area has no quick fix yet, but fertility management helps. More
Chemical Conditioners for Hay
Chemical Conditioners for Hay - Articles Articles

Chemical Conditioners for Hay

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Decreasing the drying time of cut forage, and increasing the chances of getting the hay baled before inclement weather arrives with chemicals. More
Grazing Winter Small Grains
Grazing Winter Small Grains - Articles Articles

Grazing Winter Small Grains

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Grazing winter small grains can be an easy and profitable way to start grazing early in the season, but requires proper management of the crop and livestock. More
Calibration of Grain/Seed Drills
Calibration of Grain/Seed Drills - Articles Articles

Calibration of Grain/Seed Drills

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA, Ron Hoover

The seed delivery system in drills is not as precise as that used in planters because they use flutes or sponges to meter seed instead of seed singulation. More
Warm-Season Grasses for Pheasants
Warm-Season Grasses for Pheasants - Articles Articles

Warm-Season Grasses for Pheasants

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Warm-season grasses such as big bluestem and switchgrass can provide forage for animals throughout the summer months when cool-season grasses become less productive. More
Where to Send Samples for Analysis
Where to Send Samples for Analysis - Articles Articles
Once you have gone to the effort of correctly collecting a sample, how can you be sure that the results you receive from the testing laboratory are accurate? More
Why Test Forage Quality?
Why Test Forage Quality? - Articles Articles

Why Test Forage Quality?

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Greater net profit is the bottom line for why livestock producers need to know the quality of the forages they are feeding! More
Artificial Insemination Technique
Artificial Insemination Technique - Articles Articles

Artificial Insemination Technique

Michael L. O'Connor, Jana L. Peters

This article provides a review for those already familiar with AI technique, emphasizing reproductive anatomy, sanitation, and accuracy of semen deposition. More
Pasture and Hay for Horses
Pasture and Hay for Horses - Articles Articles

Pasture and Hay for Horses

Marvin Hall, Ph.D., Pat M. Comerford

To minimize feed costs, it is important to keep horses healthy and feed them a balanced ration that meets their nutritional needs. More
Timothy
Timothy - Articles Articles

Timothy

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Timothy (Phleum pratense L.) is a perennial, bunch-type, shallow-rooted, cool-season grass that is well adapted to the Northeast and Upper Midwest. More
Orchardgrass
Orchardgrass - Articles Articles

Orchardgrass

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) is a perennial, cool-season, tall-growing, grass which does not have rhizomes or stolons (bunch-type grass). More
Grazing Alfalfa in Pennsylvania
Grazing Alfalfa in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles

Grazing Alfalfa in Pennsylvania

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Grazing alfalfa is not a new practice. Alfalfa has been grazed alone or in mixtures with grasses and other legumes since its introduction into the United States. More
Four Steps to Rotational Grazing
Four Steps to Rotational Grazing - Articles Articles

Four Steps to Rotational Grazing

J. Craig Williams, Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

A well-managed pasture program can be the most economical way to provide forage to ruminant animals. More
Successful Forage Crop Establishment
Successful Forage Crop Establishment - Articles Articles
Because of high costs, seeding forage crops is considered to be a "high stakes" farming operation. The days of spreading some seeds on the ground and hoping for nature to cooperate are past. More
Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne)
Ryegrass - Articles Articles

Ryegrass

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Establishes rapidly, have a long growing season, possess high nutrient contents, and can be grazed and used for hay or silage. More
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