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A promising stand of alfalfa in bloom. Image Credit: Jessica Williamson
Fall Forage Establishment - Articles Articles

Fall Forage Establishment

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D., Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Pasture managers and hay producers have a window of opportunity in the late summer and early fall to improve existing or establish new stands through seeding. More
Carl Schmidt (center) talks about the organic transition process on Banner Farm (Image Credit: Maureen Casey)
Successful Transition to Organic at Banner Farm - Articles Articles
On-farm example focuses on organic transition. More
Figure 1. Wax moth larvae killed by Metarhizium infection. Metarhizium spores contact, germinate, infect, and ultimately kill insect pests. Photo credit: Nick Sloff, Penn State Department of Entomology
Managing a Beneficial Soil Fungus for Insect Control - Articles Articles

Managing a Beneficial Soil Fungus for Insect Control

Mary Barbercheck, Ph.D., Imtiaz Ahmad, Christina Voortman

Pest suppression is an important function of healthy soil. The effects of cover crops and soil characteristics on a beneficial fungus are being examined. More
Lesser grain borer. Pest and Diseases Image Library, Bugwood.org https://www.insectimages.org/browse/detail.cfm?imgnum=5489003]
Management of Stored Grain Pests in Organic Systems - Articles Articles
Effective control of stored grain pests without synthetic pesticides requires an IPM approach combining sanitation, identification, monitoring, and preventive practices. More
Figure 5. Alternating row configuration is one strategy to manage competition between species in a mixture. Here forage radish alternates with Austrian winter pea.
Making the Most of Mixtures: Considerations for Winter Cover Crops - Articles Articles
This article discusses tailoring a cover crop mixture, building a complementary mix, determining which species to use, methods to establish mixtures, and considerations when terminating mixtures. More
Wild bees like this bumble bee are essential to Pennsylvania agriculture.
Conserving Wild Bees in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles

Conserving Wild Bees in Pennsylvania

Mary Barbercheck, Ph.D., David Mortensen, Ph.D.

Wild bees, which include native and naturalized bees, pollinate a variety of crops. In areas of Pennsylvania, wild bees already provide the majority of pollination for some summer vegetable crops. More
Forage Variety Trials Reports
Forage Variety Trials Reports - Articles Articles

Forage Variety Trials Reports

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Forage Trials Report summarizes performance data collected from ongoing forage trials at two sites in Pennsylvania. More
Managing Soil Health: Concepts and Practices
Managing Soil Health: Concepts and Practices - Articles Articles

Managing Soil Health: Concepts and Practices

Charles White, Mary Barbercheck, Ph.D.

Information for farmers and gardeners who want to understand the physical, chemical, and biological components of healthy soil and how to manage them. More
Howard F. Schwartz, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org
Seedcorn Maggot as a Pest of Field Corn - Articles Articles

Seedcorn Maggot as a Pest of Field Corn

Mary Barbercheck, Ph.D.

The seedcorn maggot, a pest imported from Europe, is now established throughout the United States. Corn and soybeans are the major crops attacked. More
Determining Pasture Yield
Determining Pasture Yield - Articles Articles

Determining Pasture Yield

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Direct and indirect methods of determining pasture yield. More
Using Flowering Cover Crops for Native Pollinating Bee Conservation
Using Flowering Cover Crops for Native Pollinating Bee Conservation - Articles Articles
Conservation strategies that can be employed across your farm or in your garden to help maintain healthy native bee populations. More
Tall Fescue
Tall Fescue - Articles Articles

Tall Fescue

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

In Pennsylvania, Tall fescue has been used primarily for conservation purposes but is well suited as hay, silage, or pasture. More
Howard F. Schwartz, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org
Alfalfa Frost Heaving: Assessing the Damage - Articles Articles
March is the time to scout for alfalfa frost heaving so that preparations can be made if the stand will need to be rotated out in spring. More
Need Forage? Try Annual Crops
Need Forage? Try Annual Crops - Articles Articles

Need Forage? Try Annual Crops

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Alternative species to meet forage needs and supplement feedstocks. More
Poisonous Pasture Weeds
Poisonous Pasture Weeds - Articles Articles

Poisonous Pasture Weeds

Marvin Hall, Ph.D., Dwight Lingenfelter, William S. Curran, Ph.D.

Grazing animals will very rarely eat poisonous weeds if there are other options. However, the wet weather has been great for poisonous plant growth and the concern is heightened. More
John D. Byrd, Mississippi State University, Bugwood.org
Grass Tetany in Grazing Animals - Articles Articles

Grass Tetany in Grazing Animals

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Be alert to the potential risk for Grass Tetany in high potassium soils and when other conditions are favorable for the development of this livestock illness. More
Beware of the Dangers of Hot Hay
Beware of the Dangers of Hot Hay - Articles Articles

Beware of the Dangers of Hot Hay

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Wet weather can make hay making difficult. Therefore, it’s especially important to monitor the temperature and condition of stored hay. More
Fig. 1. Brown stripe on orchardgrass
Diseases in Orchardgrass - Articles Articles

Diseases in Orchardgrass

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Major diseases of orchardgrass in our area has no quick fix yet, but fertility management helps. More
Chemical Conditioners for Hay
Chemical Conditioners for Hay - Articles Articles

Chemical Conditioners for Hay

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Decreasing the drying time of cut forage, and increasing the chances of getting the hay baled before inclement weather arrives with chemicals. More
Grazing Winter Small Grains
Grazing Winter Small Grains - Articles Articles

Grazing Winter Small Grains

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Grazing winter small grains can be an easy and profitable way to start grazing early in the season, but requires proper management of the crop and livestock. More
Calibration of Grain/Seed Drills
Calibration of Grain/Seed Drills - Articles Articles

Calibration of Grain/Seed Drills

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA, Ron Hoover

The seed delivery system in drills is not as precise as that used in planters because they use flutes or sponges to meter seed instead of seed singulation. More
Warm-Season Grasses for Pheasants
Warm-Season Grasses for Pheasants - Articles Articles

Warm-Season Grasses for Pheasants

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Warm-season grasses such as big bluestem and switchgrass can provide forage for animals throughout the summer months when cool-season grasses become less productive. More
Where to Send Samples for Analysis
Where to Send Samples for Analysis - Articles Articles
Once you have gone to the effort of correctly collecting a sample, how can you be sure that the results you receive from the testing laboratory are accurate? More
Why Test Forage Quality?
Why Test Forage Quality? - Articles Articles

Why Test Forage Quality?

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Greater net profit is the bottom line for why livestock producers need to know the quality of the forages they are feeding! More
Field of diverse crops in rotation
Introduction to Organic Farming: A Growing Opportunity for Pennsylvania Farmers - Articles Articles
This article provides basic information about organic farming, including getting started, considering your product/market, and deciding whether to be certified. More
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