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In determining whether to make hay, know how much you can harvest and at what point you’re considering mowing.
Challenges and Considerations for Fall Hay Harvest - Articles Articles

Challenges and Considerations for Fall Hay Harvest

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D., Paul D. Esker, Adriana Murillo-Williams

Successful management of forage stands in the fall hinges on properly evaluating stands and giving plants enough leaf area to survive the winter. More
Diplodia ear rot. Photo Credit: Alyssa Collins
Corn Ear Rots and Mycotoxins - Articles Articles

Corn Ear Rots and Mycotoxins

Adriana Murillo-Williams, Alyssa Collins, Ph.D., Paul D. Esker

There are many pathogens that cause ear rots. Identify which ones are associated with mycotoxin contamination! More
Figure 1. Wheat seed and young seedlings affected by Fusarium graminearum (white arrows). (Photo credit: Brandon Wilt, PSU-PPEM.)
Wheat and Barley Diseases: What is in Your Seed? - Articles Articles

Wheat and Barley Diseases: What is in Your Seed?

Adriana Murillo-Williams, Alyssa Collins, Ph.D., Paul D. Esker

Seeds can serve as the vehicle for unwanted plant pathogens and weeds. Avoid the risks! More
Mid-ear cutworm injury resulting in subsequent ear mold infection by several pathogens. Image credit: G. Roth
Avoiding Mycotoxins in Grain Corn and Silage - Articles Articles

Avoiding Mycotoxins in Grain Corn and Silage

Alyssa Collins, Ph.D., Paul D. Esker, Adriana Murillo-Williams

Toxins caused by fungi are a real concern in grain corn and silage. Is there anything we can do about it? More
Figure 1. Soybean cyst nematodes females (yellow arrows) and nodules (white arrows) on soybean roots. Photo credit: Penn State Department of Plant Pathology & Environmental Microbiology Archives, Penn State University, Bugwood.org
Plant Parasitic Nematodes Explained - Articles Articles

Plant Parasitic Nematodes Explained

Adriana Murillo-Williams, Alyssa Collins, Ph.D., Paul D. Esker

Have you noticed a decline in yield without a clear explanation? It could be due to plant parasitic nematodes. More
Grey Leaf Spot in corn. Image Credit: Alyssa Collins
Early-season Corn Fungicide Considerations - Articles Articles

Early-season Corn Fungicide Considerations

Alyssa Collins, Ph.D., Paul D. Esker

Does it pay to spray at V5 to V7, or even V10, corn? What factors should we consider before pulling the trigger? More
Bin-run seed lacks the quality of certified seed. Photo credit: Alyssa Collins
Bin-run Seed: Associated Risks for Soybean Production - Articles Articles

Bin-run Seed: Associated Risks for Soybean Production

Adriana Murillo-Williams, Alyssa Collins, Ph.D., Paul D. Esker

Before you try to save money by planting farm-saved seed, know the hidden costs! More
Treated (left) and non-treated (right) soybean seeds. Photo credit: Paul Esker & Alyssa Collins, Penn State.
Seed Selection Based on Disease Resistance Ratings - Articles Articles

Seed Selection Based on Disease Resistance Ratings

Paul D. Esker, Alyssa Collins, Ph.D.

Make choices for a healthy crop next season before putting even one seed in the ground. More
Christmas Trees
Christmas Trees - Articles Articles

Christmas Trees

Rick Bates, Ph.D.

Christmas trees may be grown in many areas of Pennsylvania however; you will need to absorb the input costs before seeing a return on your investment. More
Ericacea (Heath) Family and Their Culture
Ericacea (Heath) Family and Their Culture - Articles Articles

Ericacea (Heath) Family and Their Culture

Jim Sellmer, Ph.D., Rick Bates, Ph.D.

Generally, the ericaceous plants are woody and range in size from low ground covers to small trees over 20 feet tall. More
Ornamentals and Deer: Realities and Landscape Plant Options
Ornamentals and Deer: Realities and Landscape Plant Options - Articles Articles

Ornamentals and Deer: Realities and Landscape Plant Options

Jim Sellmer, Ph.D., Rick Bates, Ph.D., Gary San Julian, Ph.D.

There is much frustration toward the prevalence of deer and the damage they cause. More
Caring for Your Cut Christmas Tree
Caring for Your Cut Christmas Tree - Articles Articles
The key to maintaining your live Christmas tree throughout the holiday season is to give it the proper care from the time it is purchased until the tree is removed from your home. More
Rhododendrons and azaleas
Evergreen Shrubs and Trees for Pennsylvania - Articles Articles

Evergreen Shrubs and Trees for Pennsylvania

Rick Bates, Ph.D., J. Robert Nuss

This article explains hardiness and site requirements, landscape use, and characteristics of selected evergreen plants. More