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Photo: Rich Marini, Penn State
Can Peach Consumption be Increased? - Articles Articles
According to USDA statistics, in 2016 California was the leading free-stone peach producing state with 247,000 tons. More
Managing Small Woodlots
Managing Small Woodlots - Articles Articles

Managing Small Woodlots

David R. Jackson, Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., James Finley, Ph.D.

Woodlot owners can improve your woods for the future or cause damage from which it might not recover for generations. More
Estate Planning for Pennsylvania Farm Families
Estate Planning for Pennsylvania Farm Families - Articles Articles

Estate Planning for Pennsylvania Farm Families

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime, Ashley Ellixson, Paul Goeringer

It's time to get a dialogue started with family to determine a strategy for transferring farm assets that can help minimize stress and the potential tax burdens on your heirs. More
Apple rootstock in tissue culture: Photo by Yongjian Chang, North American Plants Inc.
Advances in Rootstock Genetics and Breeding - Articles Articles
Developing new fruit rootstocks and cultivars using traditional breeding techniques is a slow process because a new rootstock must have many desirable characteristics without many undesirable traits. More
Cucumber
Cucumber Production - Articles Articles

Cucumber Production

Elsa Sanchez, Ph.D., Francesco Di Gioia, Ph. D., Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Michael Orzolek, Ph.D., Steve Bogash

Multiple markets exist for growers with fewer than 5 acres, and many field operations, such as land preparation, planting, and harvesting, can be custom hired. More
Soggy breakdown on Honeycrisp fruit. Photo courtesy of Yosef Al Shoffe, Cornell
Fruit Disorders - Harvest Practices to Prevent Storage Disorders in Honeycrisp - Articles Articles

Fruit Disorders - Harvest Practices to Prevent Storage Disorders in Honeycrisp

Tara Baugher, James Schupp, Ph.D., Rich Marini, Ph.D., Robert Crassweller, Ph.D., Chris Walsh

There are many factors that affect Honeycrisp storage behavior, and some occur during harvest. More
Photo Credit: Alyssa A. Collins
Industrial Hemp Production - Articles Articles

Industrial Hemp Production

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Alyssa Collins, Ph.D., Lynn Kime, Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D., Heather E. Manzo

This publication focuses on growing industrial hemp for either seed or fiber on an agronomic crop farm with a typical complement of tillage, planting, and harvest equipment. More
Dr. Rob Crassweller, second from right, organizes an apple variety sampling. Photo: Tara Baugher, Penn State
Apple Variety Improvement: A Look at the Past, Present and Future - Articles Articles
During the 2018 Mid-Atlantic Fruit and Vegetable Conference, Dr. Rob Crassweller organized an apple variety showcase. More
Tree Fruit Budget Tools
Tree Fruit Budget Tools - Articles Articles

Tree Fruit Budget Tools

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime

Every two years the faculty and extension personnel update the Penn State Tree Fruit Production Guide. Within the Guide are budgets for tree fruit production. More
Photo: Sladjana Prozo
Fruit Disorders: New Tool to Assess the Potential for Bitter Pit in Honeycrisp - Articles Articles
Bitter pit severity varies with cultivar and season, but Honeycrisp is particularly susceptible. Penn State has developed a new model for predicting bitter pit potential. More
Top dominant trees in an older orchard. Photo: Rob Crasswellar, Penn State
Home Gardening: Pruning to Renovate Old Fruit Trees - Articles Articles

Home Gardening: Pruning to Renovate Old Fruit Trees

Robert Crassweller, Ph.D., Rich Marini, Ph.D., Tara Baugher, Timothy Elkner

Use judicious pruning to renovate older fruit trees in your home landscape. More
'Golden Delicious' on MM.111 rootstock and a 12" M.9 interstem in one of Roy Simons' trials at Illinois. Photo: Rich Marini, Penn State
Apple Rootstocks: Interstem Apple Trees Revisited - Articles Articles
Some growers are considering interstem trees as a way to avoid some of the problems experienced with the more common dwarfing rootstocks. More
Farmstead and Artisan Cheesemaking
Farmstead and Artisan Cheesemaking - Articles Articles

Farmstead and Artisan Cheesemaking

Sarah Cornelisse, Kerry E. Kaylegian, Ph.D., Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Emily Montgomery

The renaissance of farm-based dairy processing can be attractive, but it is imperative that farmers research and plan all aspects of a new enterprise. More
Cold-injured primary blackberry bud (left) and uninjured secondary bud (right). Photo credit: Fumi Takeda, USDA-ARS-AFRS
Small Fruit Cold Hardiness - Winter Injury in Brambles - Articles Articles

Small Fruit Cold Hardiness - Winter Injury in Brambles

Rich Marini, Ph.D., Kathy Demchak

Weather is also becoming more variable resulting in early-winter cold snaps and winter thaws followed by extreme cold events. More
Summer shearing of peach trees can reduce fruit size and soluble solids, but if vigorous vegetative shoots that shade the tree interior are removed by hand pruning by early July, quality shoots in the tree interior can be maintained.
Fruit Tree Pruning - Summer Pruning Cautions - Articles Articles
Summer pruning is a vague term and simply refers to the time of year pruning is performed (when trees have foliage) and does not describe the type of pruning cuts. More
Photo: Tara Baugher
Fruit Color - Promoting Red Color Development in Apple - Articles Articles
Fruit surface color is complex due to genetics and mutations, environmental factors, crop load, plant nutrition, plant stresses, and plant growth regulators. More
Fruit Harvest - Estimating Apple Yield and Fruit Size
Fruit Harvest - Estimating Apple Yield and Fruit Size - Articles Articles
Early-season yield and packout predictions are useful for growers and packers to plan for adequate harvest labor and storage space and to develop an orderly marketing plan. More
Tree Fruit Cold Hardiness - Effect of Pruning
Tree Fruit Cold Hardiness - Effect of Pruning - Articles Articles
When there is a sudden drop in temperature the trees most injured are those that lack adequate vigor, those that were too vigorous, and those that had been pruned before the cold event. More
Bitter pit begins to show up on Honeycrisp several weeks before harvest and the incidence can increase two- to four-fold after a month in storage. Photo: Tara Baugher
Apple Fruit Disorders - Crop Load and Nutrient Management to Prevent Bitter Pit - Articles Articles

Apple Fruit Disorders - Crop Load and Nutrient Management to Prevent Bitter Pit

Tara Baugher, Rich Marini, Ph.D., James Schupp, Ph.D.

Multiple years of studies in grower orchards are providing additional clues for managing Honeycrisp in the orchard to prevent bitter pit following storage. More
Tree Fruit Cold Hardiness - Pruning Peach Trees with No Crop
Tree Fruit Cold Hardiness - Pruning Peach Trees with No Crop - Articles Articles
Low winter temperatures and/or spring frosts sometimes result in the loss of the entire peach crop. Below are some considerations for managing trees with no crop. More
Pruning just before a cold snap increases susceptibility to injury.
Tree Fruit Cold Hardiness - Pruning Effects - Articles Articles

Tree Fruit Cold Hardiness - Pruning Effects

Rich Marini, Ph.D., James Schupp, Ph.D.

Fruit trees begin to go dormant in response to shortening day length in the fall. Exposure to freezing temperatures accelerates the onset of dormancy. More
Cross-sections of live (top) and dead (lower) peach flower buds showing cold injury. Photo by E. Winzeler.
Orchard Frost - Assessing Peach Bud Injury - Articles Articles
Most years some peach flower buds are damaged by winter cold or spring frost. More
Photo: Rich Marini
Strawberry Cultivars - An Historical View - Articles Articles
Do you think older strawberry cultivars tasted better than the newer cultivars? More
Golden Delicious Apples
Apple Production - Articles Articles

Apple Production

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime, Robert Crassweller, Ph.D.

Apples may be grown in many parts of the country and lend themselves well to part-time farming operations. More
Red Raspberries
Red Raspberry Production - Articles Articles

Red Raspberry Production

Kathy Demchak, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime

Raspberry production is well suited to small farms, as a small area of raspberries can provide significant income and equipment needs for an acre or so of raspberries are not great. More
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