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Alfalfa regrowth after the last summer cutting. Image Credit: Hanna Wells.
Potassium Management to Improve Alfalfa Winter Survival - Articles Articles
Proper potassium management in fall can improve winter survival of alfalfa. More
Nitrogen deficiency in corn, characterized by yellowing along the midrib of the lower leaves, starting at the leaf tip and moving towards the stalk. (Image credit: Charlie White)
What is the Potential for Nitrogen Losses from Extreme Summer Rainfall - Articles Articles
The severity of nitrogen losses from extreme summer rainfalls, and how you react to them, depends on many factors. More
Potassium deficiency on this corn crop is exhibited by yellowing and necrosis of the leaf edges in the lower part of the canopy. Image credit: Jeff Graybill
Scouting for Nutrient Deficiencies - Articles Articles
Regular visual inspections, paired with tissue testing, soil sampling, and some help from eyes in the sky, can help diagnose nutrient deficiencies in a growing crop. More
Urea granules treated with a urease inhibitor. Photo credit: Charlie White
Will Your Nitrogen Stabilizer be Effective? - Articles Articles
Nitrogen stabilizer products are valuable management tools to prevent losses of N fertilizer and increase N use efficiency by the crop. Knowing how these products work will you help you maximize their effectiveness. More
Photo credit: Patrick Drohan
Soil pH Affects Forage Production - Articles Articles

Soil pH Affects Forage Production

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D., Charles White

Soil pH can be one of the greatest determinates of forage productivity and stand life. More
A field must have greater than 25% crop residue cover or a cover crop to be eligible for winter manure spreading, along with other restrictions. Photo credit: Charlie White
The Do’s and Don’ts of Winter Manure Spreading - Articles Articles
If winter manure spreading is absolutely unavoidable, follow these requirements to do it legally. More
Can I Apply Potash in Winter?
Can I Apply Potash in Winter? - Articles Articles

Can I Apply Potash in Winter?

Charles White, Nicole Santangelo

Ensuring properly timed potassium applications where they are needed when conditions permit. More
Figure 5. Alternating row configuration is one strategy to manage competition between species in a mixture. Here forage radish alternates with Austrian winter pea.
Making the Most of Mixtures: Considerations for Winter Cover Crops - Articles Articles
This article discusses tailoring a cover crop mixture, building a complementary mix, determining which species to use, methods to establish mixtures, and considerations when terminating mixtures. More
Managing Soil Health: Concepts and Practices
Managing Soil Health: Concepts and Practices - Articles Articles

Managing Soil Health: Concepts and Practices

Charles White, Mary Barbercheck, Ph.D.

Information for farmers and gardeners who want to understand the physical, chemical, and biological components of healthy soil and how to manage them. More
PA Gamebird and Shooting Preserve Industry
Pennsylvania Game Bird Industry - Articles Articles
Today in the state of Pennsylvania millions of game birds are produced annually by professional game breeders. More
Rye Hairy Vetch. Photo: Elsa Sanchez
Growing Cover Crops for Nitrogen on Vegetable Farms - Articles Articles

Growing Cover Crops for Nitrogen on Vegetable Farms

Elsa Sanchez, Ph.D., Charles White

There are a lot of good reasons for using covers crops on vegetable farms including recycling or adding nitrogen to the soil. More
Biosecurity: Protecting Your Birds from Disease
Biosecurity: Protecting Your Birds from Disease - Articles Articles

Biosecurity: Protecting Your Birds from Disease

Phillip Clauer, Gregory P Martin, Ph.D., PAS, Patricia A Dunn, DVM, MAM, DACPV, R. Michael Hulet

Biosecurity means protecting your birds by preventing disease from entering your farm, and protecting others by preventing disease from leaving your farm. More
Field of diverse crops in rotation
Introduction to Organic Farming: A Growing Opportunity for Pennsylvania Farmers - Articles Articles
This article provides basic information about organic farming, including getting started, considering your product/market, and deciding whether to be certified. More
Bobwhite Quail
Bobwhite Quail Production - Articles Articles

Bobwhite Quail Production

Phillip Clauer, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., R. Michael Hulet

Bobwhite quail production may provide resources for stocking areas where native bird numbers have dwindled. More
Chukar
Partridge Production - Articles Articles

Partridge Production

Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., R. Michael Hulet

Partridge producers typically raise one of two distinct species, the chukar or the Hungarian partridge. More
Turkeys
Small-Flock Turkey Production - Articles Articles

Small-Flock Turkey Production

Phillip Clauer, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime, R. Michael Hulet

Raising turkeys can be a satisfying educational activity as well as a source of economical, high-quality meat for your family and friends. More
Pheasants
Pheasant Production - Articles Articles

Pheasant Production

Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., R. Michael Hulet

Professional game breeders in Pennsylvania produce one-half million commercial pheasants annually, and the Pennsylvania Game Commission also produces birds. More