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Figure 1. Desiccation injury on fine fescue fairway in Wisconsin. Photo: Peter Landschoot, Penn State
Winterkill of Turfgrasses - Articles Articles

Winterkill of Turfgrasses

Peter Landschoot, Ph.D.

Bitter cold and icy conditions during winter sometimes lead to the death of turfgrasses on golf courses, lawns, and sports turf. More
Photo: Pete Landschoot, Penn State
Evaluation of New Bentgrasses for Golf Course Fairways and Tees - Articles Articles
Choosing the right cultivar or blend of cultivars for your particular situation is important for long-term performance of your fairways and tees. More
Composted mushroom media
Spent Mushroom Substrate as a Soil Amendment in Turf - Articles Articles
If you are trying to improve the quality of turf growing in poor or marginal soils, consider using spent mushroom substrate (SMS) as a soil amendment. More
Crabgrass infested lawn. Photo: P. Landschoot, Penn State
Postemergence Control of Crabgrass and Other Summer Annual Grasses in Lawns - Articles Articles
During rainy summers, annual grasses can be an unsightly weed problem in many Pennsylvania lawns. More
Photo: P. Landschoot, Penn State
SDHI Fungicides for Turfgrass Diseases - Articles Articles

SDHI Fungicides for Turfgrass Diseases

Peter Landschoot, Ph.D.

As summer approaches, plans are being finalized for disease prevention and control programs. More
Photo: P. Landschoot, Penn State
Evaluation of Some New Bentgrasses for Putting Greens - Articles Articles
Choosing the right bentgrass cultivar is critical for long-term performance of your putting surfaces. More
What is an "Acre Furrow Slice" of Soil?
What is an "Acre Furrow Slice" of Soil? - Articles Articles

What is an "Acre Furrow Slice" of Soil?

Peter Landschoot, Ph.D.

Acre furrow slice is a common means of estimating the volume or weight of the surface 6.7 inches of soil in an acre of land. More
Using Spent Mushroom Substrate as a Soil Amendment
Using Spent Mushroom Substrate as a Soil Amendment - Articles Articles
If you are trying to improve the quality of turf growing in poor or marginal soils, consider using spent mushroom substrate. More
Understanding the Phosphonate Products Understanding the Phosphonate Products - Articles

Understanding the Phosphonate Products

Peter Landschoot, Ph.D.

Sorting through the different phosphonate product (potassium phosphite, phosphorous acid, fosetyl-Al, etc.) can be difficult. More
High School Athletic-Field Conditions and Injuries
High School Athletic-Field Conditions and Injuries - Articles Articles
The condition of a playing field is not only of aesthetic importance, but it also may affect play and player safety. More
Turfgrass Species for Pennsylvania
Turfgrass Species for Pennsylvania - Articles Articles

Turfgrass Species for Pennsylvania

Peter Landschoot, Ph.D.

Turfgrasses are fine-textured grass species that form a uniform, persistent population of plants and that tolerate traffic and low mowing heights (usually two inches or below). More
Turfgrass Fertilization: A Basic Guide for Professional Turfgrass Managers
Turfgrass Fertilization: A Basic Guide for Professional Turfgrass Managers - Articles Articles
Dollar for dollar, fertilization does more to improve poor-quality turfgrass or to maintain good-quality turfgrass than any other management practice. More
Turfgrass Fertilization Basics
Turfgrass Fertilization Basics - Articles Articles

Turfgrass Fertilization Basics

Peter Landschoot, Ph.D.

Dollar for dollar, fertilization does more to improve poor quality turfgrass or maintain good quality turfgrass than any other single management practice. More
Options for Chemical Control of Moss in Putting Greens
Options for Chemical Control of Moss in Putting Greens - Articles Articles

Options for Chemical Control of Moss in Putting Greens

Peter Landschoot, Ph.D., Joshua Cook

Silvery thread moss (Bryum argenteum) in putting greens is becoming an all-too-common occurrence on Pennsylvania golf courses. More
Snow Removal from Synthetic In-Filled Systems
Snow Removal from Synthetic In-Filled Systems - Articles Articles

Snow Removal from Synthetic In-Filled Systems

Peter Landschoot, Ph.D., Steve LeGros

There are a couple of options that can be used to successfully remove snow depending on the situation. More
Managing Thatch in Lawns
Managing Thatch in Lawns - Articles Articles

Managing Thatch in Lawns

Peter Landschoot, Ph.D.

Thatch can have either beneficial or detrimental effects on turf depending on the amount present. More
Lawn Establishment
Lawn Establishment - Articles Articles

Lawn Establishment

Peter Landschoot, Ph.D.

Establishing a new lawn begins with careful planning, knowledge of soil conditions, and an understanding of the environmental and cultural requirements of turfgrasses. More
How to Calculate a Fertilizer Ratio
How to Calculate a Fertilizer Ratio - Articles Articles

How to Calculate a Fertilizer Ratio

Peter Landschoot, Ph.D.

What is the fertilizer ratio and how to calculate it. More
How Much Phosphorus and Potassium are Really in Your Fertilizer?
How Much Phosphorus and Potassium are Really in Your Fertilizer? - Articles Articles
Calculating P and K in your fertilizer. More
Irrigation Water Quality Guidelines for Turfgrass Sites
Irrigation Water Quality Guidelines for Turfgrass Sites - Articles Articles
Irrigation water quality is becoming an important issue for managers of golf courses, athletic fields, and institutional grounds in Pennsylvania. More
Factors Affecting Green Speed
Factors Affecting Green Speed - Articles Articles

Factors Affecting Green Speed

Peter Landschoot, Ph.D.

In golf, successfully managed greens are often associated with speed. Speed alone, however, does not symbolize a good or healthy golf green. More
Evaluation of Spent Mushroom Substrate as a Topdressing to Established Turf
Evaluation of Spent Mushroom Substrate as a Topdressing to Established Turf - Articles Articles
Is mushroom substrate a good option as a topdress fertilizer? More
Nikolai Sokolov, Bugwood.org
Calibrating Your Fertilizer Spreader - Articles Articles

Calibrating Your Fertilizer Spreader

Peter Landschoot, Ph.D.

How to calibrate fertilizer spreaders. More
Athletic Fields - Specification outline, construction, and maintenance
Athletic Fields - Specification outline, construction, and maintenance - Articles Articles
Drainage patterns for some of the more important types of fields, specification guidelines for their construction, and management practices as they apply to PA and areas with similar climates. More
Calculations Used to Determine the Amount of Fertilizer Needed to Treat Turf
Calculations Used to Determine the Amount of Fertilizer Needed to Treat Turf - Articles Articles
A fundamental problem in turfgrass fertilization involves determining how much fertilizer is needed to supply a specified amount of nitrogen (or any other nutrient) per 1000 sq ft. More
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