Penn State Extension

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Photo by David Almquist on Bugguide.org, used with permission.
Camphor Shoot Borer (Cnestus mutilatus) - Articles Articles
Camphor shoot borers are an introduced species of ambrosia beetle that attack small-diameter branches and trunks of stressed, weakened, and dying trees. They also accidentally bore holes into plastic gasoline containers, hoses, and tanks. More
Insects on Real Christmas Trees
Insects on Real Christmas Trees - Articles Articles

Insects on Real Christmas Trees

Michael J. Skvarla

Most real Christmas trees are free of insects and other arthropods. However, it is possible that some trees may harbor one or more species. More
Asian longhorned ticks are can be found on deer and other wildlife, as well as livestock and companion animals.
Asian Longhorned Tick, Haemaphysalis longicornis - Articles Articles

Asian Longhorned Tick, Haemaphysalis longicornis

Erika Machtinger, Michael J. Skvarla

The Asian Longhorned tick is a recent invasive tick to Pennsylvania. This tick can be found on wildlife and on livestock. It is important to be aware of the presence of this tick and to implement prevention and control measures when necessary. More
Sclerodermus Latreille
Sclerodermus Latreille - Articles Articles

Sclerodermus Latreille

Michael J. Skvarla

Sclerodermus are small wasps that can become pestiferous and sting people when they attack wood-boring beetle larvae that have infested wooden structures and furniture. More
Magnolia Leaf-Footed Bug
Magnolia Leaf-Footed Bug - Articles Articles

Magnolia Leaf-Footed Bug

Michael J. Skvarla

Magnolia leaf-footed bugs are brown bugs occasionally found on magnolia. They do not pose a risk to human health and do not cause damage to or reduce the vigor of infested trees, but may be nuisance pests. More
Jalysus wickhami. Photo © John Rosenfeld
Spined Stilt Bug - Articles Articles

Spined Stilt Bug

Michael J. Skvarla

Spined stilt bugs are an occasional pest of greenhouse tomatoes that can cause flower and fruit abortion and unsightly feeding damage in mature fruits. More
Yellowmargined leaf beetle (YMLB) adult. Photo: Michael Skvarla, Penn State
Yellowmargined Leaf Beetle Serious Pest in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles

Yellowmargined Leaf Beetle Serious Pest in Pennsylvania

Michael J. Skvarla, Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D.

Yellowmargined leaf beetle (YMLB) (Microtheca ochroloma) is a serious pest of cruciferous crops. More
Michael Skvarla, director of the Insect Identification Lab in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences, holds a walking stick. Photo by Amy Duke
Penn State Department of Entomology Offers Insect Identification Services - News News
Director of the Insect Identification Lab in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences knows his bugs More
Photo: T. Baugher, Penn State
A Brief Guide to Hand Lenses - Articles Articles

A Brief Guide to Hand Lenses

Michael J. Skvarla

Arthropods, including plant pests and biocontrol agents, are often difficult to identify with the naked eye. More
Brown marmorated stink bug
Brown Marmorated Stink Bug - Articles Articles

Brown Marmorated Stink Bug

Michael J. Skvarla

The brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) was first collected in September of 1998 in Allentown, but probably arrived several years earlier. More
Figure 1. Space requirements for resting and rising dairy cow
Designing and Building Dairy Cattle Freestalls - Articles Articles

Designing and Building Dairy Cattle Freestalls

Dan McFarland, John Tyson, Robert Graves, Ph.D., P.E.

Freestalls (cubicles) provide dairy cows a clean, dry, comfortable resting space. Well-designed and properly maintained freestalls are a key component in a freestall housing system. More
Natural Ventilation for Freestall Barns
Natural Ventilation for Freestall Barns - Articles Articles

Natural Ventilation for Freestall Barns

Robert Graves, Ph.D., P.E.

Cows continuously produce heat and moisture so a ventilation system is necessary to continuously exchange inside air for drier, cooler outside air. More
Natural Ventilation for Dairy Tie Stall Barns
Natural Ventilation for Dairy Tie Stall Barns - Articles Articles

Natural Ventilation for Dairy Tie Stall Barns

Robert Graves, Ph.D., P.E.

Tie stall barns require a ventilation system that allows close control of air exchange and temperature to prevent the barn from reaching freezing temperatures. More
Recommendations for Calf and Heifer Housing Dimensions for Jerseys
Recommendations for Calf and Heifer Housing Dimensions for Jerseys - Articles Articles

Recommendations for Calf and Heifer Housing Dimensions for Jerseys

John Tyson, Dan McFarland, Robert Graves, Ph.D., P.E.

Summary of design suggestions for planning calf and heifer housing systems for Jersey cattle; a starting point for the design process. More
Photo credit: Amber Yutzy
Recommendations for Calf and Heifer Housing Dimensions for Holsteins - Articles Articles

Recommendations for Calf and Heifer Housing Dimensions for Holsteins

John Tyson, Dan McFarland, Robert Graves, Ph.D., P.E.

Summary of design suggestions for planning calf and heifer housing systems for Holstein dairy cattle; a starting point for the design process. More
Nutrient Budgets for PA Cropland: What They Reveal and How Can They Be Used?
Nutrient Budgets for PA Cropland: What They Reveal and How Can They Be Used? - Articles Articles

Nutrient Budgets for PA Cropland: What They Reveal and How Can They Be Used?

Douglas Beegle, Ph.D., Robert Graves, Ph.D., P.E., Kristen Saacke Blunk

Nutrient budgets have been developed by Mid-Atlantic Regional Water Program to quantify the magnitude and sources of excess nutrients that are being generated and applied throughout Pennsylvania. More