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Guidelines for Producing Unpasteurized Cider in Pennsylvania
Guidelines for Producing Unpasteurized Cider in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles

Guidelines for Producing Unpasteurized Cider in Pennsylvania

Luke LaBorde, Ph.D., Robert Crassweller, Ph.D.

This publication explains how to follow established food safety and sanitation standards that minimize the risk for contamination. More
Mushroom GAPs Audit and FSMA Resources
Mushroom GAPs Audit and FSMA Resources - Articles Articles
This article lists the information and resources needed to meet Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) and Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) standards specific for the mushroom industry. More
FSMA Produce Safety and Preventive Controls Regulations: How Do They Apply?
FSMA Produce Safety and Preventive Controls Regulations: How Do They Apply? - Articles Articles
This article reviews the basics for Produce Safety and Preventive Controls and provides some information on how they may affect the mushroom industry. More
Method for Validating Thermal Sanitization of Mushroom Disk Slicing Equipment
Method for Validating Thermal Sanitization of Mushroom Disk Slicing Equipment - Articles Articles

Method for Validating Thermal Sanitization of Mushroom Disk Slicing Equipment

Luke LaBorde, Ph.D., Ramaswamy C. Anantheswaran, Hilary Tobin

This study demonstrates the feasibility of thermal sanitization treatment to eliminate L. monocytogenes at niche sites within slicer heads without requiring complete disassembly. More
Dark and Light Mushroom Peat Casing Soils Suppress Populations of Listeria and Salmonella
Dark and Light Mushroom Peat Casing Soils Suppress Populations of Listeria and Salmonella - Articles Articles
Studies show that when light peat is replaced with dark peat that contains lower microbial levels, developing plants tend to become more susceptible to diseases. More
Eradicating Listeria Monocytogenes From Mushroom Slicing and Packaging Environments
Eradicating Listeria Monocytogenes From Mushroom Slicing and Packaging Environments - Articles Articles
Now is the time for the mushroom industry to take all possible measures to minimize risks for Listeria contamination. More
Sanitary Transportation of Human and Animal Food
Sanitary Transportation of Human and Animal Food - Articles Articles
Part of the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA), the goal of the Sanitary Transportation rule is to prevent practices during transportation that create food safety risks. More
List of Co-packers and Manufacturers in Pennsylvania and Beyond List of Co-packers and Manufacturers in Pennsylvania and Beyond - Articles
A co-packer, or co-manufacturer, is an established food company that processes and packages your product according to your specifications. More
Food Entrepreneurs
Food Entrepreneurs - Articles Articles

Food Entrepreneurs

Luke LaBorde, Ph.D.

Are you looking to start a new food business? Are you an existing business looking for information on how to maximize your profitability? More
State and Federal Regulations for Food Processors State and Federal Regulations for Food Processors - Articles
Regulations vary from state to state. Here we provide resources from Pennsylvania and Federal sources. Check with your state Department of Agriculture or local Health Department to determine which regulations you need to follow. More
Flats of tomato seedlings ready to be planted. Photo: Tom Butzler, Penn State
Overview of Coverage Under the Produce Safety Rule - News News
The Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) is the most sweeping reform of food safety laws in more than 70 years. The focus has shifted away from merely responding to contamination events toward establishing systems to prevent them from occurring. More
The use of a triple sink wash system in combination with a sanitizer can help reduce the risk of pathogen contamination in fresh fruits and vegetable.
Video Series Answers Questions About Sanitizers in Wash Water - News News
A Penn State Extension farm food safety video series is available for fruit and vegetable growers seeking more detailed information on farm food safety of harvested crops. More
Tools for Writing a Farm Food Safety Plan
Tools for Writing a Farm Food Safety Plan - Articles Articles

Tools for Writing a Farm Food Safety Plan

Lee Stivers, Luke LaBorde, Ph.D.

Penn State Extension offers a set of templates, checklist and logs, to assist farmers of fresh fruits and vegetables in writing farm food safety plans. More
Understanding FSMA: The Produce Safety Rule
Understanding FSMA: The Produce Safety Rule - Articles Articles
Discussion of farming activities and produce covered in the Produce Safety Rule under the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA), key requirements, possible exemptions, and deadlines for compliance. More
Produce that is or is not covered under the FSMA Produce Safety Rule Produce that is or is not covered under the FSMA Produce Safety Rule - Articles
Find out which produce is covered or not covered under the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) - Produce Safety Rule. More
Making Cider Vinegar at Home
Making Cider Vinegar at Home - Articles Articles

Making Cider Vinegar at Home

Luke LaBorde, Ph.D.

Two factors require special attention when making vinegar at home: oxygen supply and temperature. More
Let's Preserve: Potatoes and Sweet Potatoes
Let's Preserve: Potatoes and Sweet Potatoes - Articles Articles

Let's Preserve: Potatoes and Sweet Potatoes

Martha Zepp, Andy Hirneisen, MA, Luke LaBorde, Ph.D.

For canning potatoes, select the “waxy” or “boiling” kinds. Most red-skin potatoes are suitable, and many white or gold round new potatoes with thin skins work well, too. More
Let's Preserve: Root Vegetables - Beets, Carrots, Turnips, and Rutabagas
Let's Preserve: Root Vegetables - Beets, Carrots, Turnips, and Rutabagas - Articles Articles

Let's Preserve: Root Vegetables - Beets, Carrots, Turnips, and Rutabagas

Martha Zepp, Andy Hirneisen, MA, Luke LaBorde, Ph.D.

Root vegetables must be processed in a pressure canner. They cannot be safely canned in a boiling water bath or atmospheric steam canner. More
Let's Preserve: Soup
Let's Preserve: Soup - Articles Articles

Let's Preserve: Soup

Martha Zepp, Andy Hirneisen, MA, Luke LaBorde, Ph.D.

The convenience of prepared soup makes cooking and meal planning easier. Freezing and canning preservation methods are explained. More
Preserving Soup Safely
Preserving Soup Safely - Articles Articles

Preserving Soup Safely

Luke LaBorde, Ph.D.

Learn about safe methods for canning or freezing soup at home. More
Produce Safety Exemption Chart
Produce Safety Rule Exemptions Flow Chart - Articles Articles
Graphic discussion of farming activities and produce covered in the Produce Safety Rule under the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA), key requirements, possible exemptions, and deadlines for compliance. More
Preventive Controls Exemption Chart
FSMA Preventive Controls Rule Exemptions - Articles Articles
You know that at least some of your food products are covered under the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) Preventive Controls for Human Food Rule. Use this flow chart to find out if you are eligible for any exemptions. More
Food Safety Modernization Act - Produce Safety Rule
Food Safety Modernization Act - Produce Safety Rule - Articles Articles
Learn the details and find educational resources on the FSMA Produce Safety Rule, including videos and training opportunities that address requirements, exemptions, and deadlines of the rule. More
Canning and Freezing Questions and Answers
Canning and Freezing Questions and Answers - Articles Articles
The following are some commonly asked food preservation questions (with their answers) More
Food Safety Questions and Answers
Food Safety Questions and Answers - Articles Articles

Food Safety Questions and Answers

Luke LaBorde, Ph.D.

Commonly asked home owner food safety questions. More
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