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Cucumber
Cucumber Production - Articles Articles

Cucumber Production

Elsa Sanchez, Ph.D., Francesco Di Gioia, Ph. D., Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Michael Orzolek, Ph.D., Steve Bogash

Multiple markets exist for growers with fewer than 5 acres, and many field operations, such as land preparation, planting, and harvesting, can be custom hired. More
Let's Preserve: Freezing Fruits
Let's Preserve: Freezing Fruits - Articles Articles

Let's Preserve: Freezing Fruits

Luke LaBorde, Ph.D., Martha Zepp, Andy Hirneisen, MA

This article explains how to freeze foods successfully and provides details on freezing specific fruits. More
Entendiendo FSMA: Norma de Inocuidad de los Productos Agrícolas Frescos
Entendiendo FSMA: Norma de Inocuidad de los Productos Agrícolas Frescos - Articles Articles
Este artículo trata sobre las actividades de las huertas y los productos agrícolas frescos cubiertos por la Norma de Inocuidad de los Productos Agrícolas Frescos bajo la Ley de Modernización de la Inocuidad de los Alimentos (FSMA, por sus siglas en inglés), los requisitos clave, las posibles exenciones y las fechas de cumplimiento. More
Varios calabacines y calabazas en bandejas después de ser cosechados. Fotografía cortesía de la Fundación Chesapeake Bay (cbf.org)
Manteniendo seguros los productos agrícolas frescos usando las Buenas Prácticas Agrícolas - Articles Articles
Este artículo aborda las formas en que los productores pueden minimizar los riesgos a la inocuidad de los alimentos a través de la evaluación de las prácticas en sus huertas e implementando las buenas prácticas agrícolas. More
Impacto de FSMA en el Compostaje de Sustratos para la Producción de Hongos
Impacto de FSMA en el Compostaje de Sustratos para la Producción de Hongos - Articles Articles
Bajo la Ley de Modernización de la Inocuidad de los Alimentos (FSMA, por sus siglas en inglés) los productores de hongos tienen que reconocer peligros potenciales a la inocuidad de los alimentos y establecer medidas de control. More
Mushroom GAPs Audit and FSMA Resources
Mushroom GAPs Audit and FSMA Resources - Articles Articles
This article lists the information and resources needed to meet Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) and Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) standards specific for the mushroom industry. More
Control de Listeria Monocytogenes en el Medio Ambiente de Cultivo y Empaque de Hongos
Control de Listeria Monocytogenes en el Medio Ambiente de Cultivo y Empaque de Hongos - Articles Articles
En los últimos años ha aumentado el conocimiento de que Listeria monocytogenes puede ser un posible contaminante microbiano en alimentos listos para el consumo. More
Guidelines for Producing Unpasteurized Cider in Pennsylvania
Guidelines for Producing Unpasteurized Cider in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles

Guidelines for Producing Unpasteurized Cider in Pennsylvania

Luke LaBorde, Ph.D., Robert Crassweller, Ph.D.

This publication explains how to follow established food safety and sanitation standards that minimize the risk for contamination. More
Dark and Light Mushroom Peat Casing Soils Suppress Populations of Listeria and Salmonella
Dark and Light Mushroom Peat Casing Soils Suppress Populations of Listeria and Salmonella - Articles Articles
Studies show that when light peat is replaced with dark peat that contains lower microbial levels, developing plants tend to become more susceptible to diseases. More
Eradicating Listeria Monocytogenes From Mushroom Slicing and Packaging Environments
Eradicating Listeria Monocytogenes From Mushroom Slicing and Packaging Environments - Articles Articles
Now is the time for the mushroom industry to take all possible measures to minimize risks for Listeria contamination. More
FSMA Produce Safety and Preventive Controls Regulations: How Do They Apply?
FSMA Produce Safety and Preventive Controls Regulations: How Do They Apply? - Articles Articles
This article reviews the basics for Produce Safety and Preventive Controls and provides some information on how they may affect the mushroom industry. More
Method for Validating Thermal Sanitization of Mushroom Disk Slicing Equipment
Method for Validating Thermal Sanitization of Mushroom Disk Slicing Equipment - Articles Articles

Method for Validating Thermal Sanitization of Mushroom Disk Slicing Equipment

Luke LaBorde, Ph.D., Ramaswamy C. Anantheswaran, Hilary Tobin

This study demonstrates the feasibility of thermal sanitization treatment to eliminate L. monocytogenes at niche sites within slicer heads without requiring complete disassembly. More
Sanitary Transportation of Human and Animal Food
Sanitary Transportation of Human and Animal Food - Articles Articles
Part of the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA), the goal of the Sanitary Transportation rule is to prevent practices during transportation that create food safety risks. More
List of Co-packers and Manufacturers in Pennsylvania and Beyond List of Co-packers and Manufacturers in Pennsylvania and Beyond - Articles
A co-packer, or co-manufacturer, is an established food company that processes and packages your product according to your specifications. More
Food Entrepreneurs
Food Entrepreneurs - Articles Articles

Food Entrepreneurs

Luke LaBorde, Ph.D.

Are you looking to start a new food business? Are you an existing business looking for information on how to maximize your profitability? More
State and Federal Regulations for Food Processors State and Federal Regulations for Food Processors - Articles
Regulations vary from state to state. Here we provide resources from Pennsylvania and Federal sources. Check with your state Department of Agriculture or local Health Department to determine which regulations you need to follow. More
Photo Credit: Alyssa A. Collins
Industrial Hemp Production - Articles Articles

Industrial Hemp Production

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Alyssa Collins, Ph.D., Lynn Kime, Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D., Heather E. Manzo

This publication focuses on growing industrial hemp for either seed or fiber on an agronomic crop farm with a typical complement of tillage, planting, and harvest equipment. More
Tools for Writing a Farm Food Safety Plan
Tools for Writing a Farm Food Safety Plan - Articles Articles

Tools for Writing a Farm Food Safety Plan

Luke LaBorde, Ph.D., Lee Stivers

Penn State Extension offers a set of templates, checklist and logs, to assist farmers of fresh fruits and vegetables in writing farm food safety plans. More
Tree Fruit Budget Tools
Tree Fruit Budget Tools - Articles Articles

Tree Fruit Budget Tools

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime

Every two years the faculty and extension personnel update the Penn State Tree Fruit Production Guide. Within the Guide are budgets for tree fruit production. More
Understanding FSMA: The Produce Safety Rule
Understanding FSMA: The Produce Safety Rule - Articles Articles
Discussion of farming activities and produce covered in the Produce Safety Rule under the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA), key requirements, possible exemptions, and deadlines for compliance. More
Produce that is or is not covered under the FSMA Produce Safety Rule Produce that is or is not covered under the FSMA Produce Safety Rule - Articles
Find out which produce is covered or not covered under the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) - Produce Safety Rule. More
Farmstead and Artisan Cheesemaking
Farmstead and Artisan Cheesemaking - Articles Articles

Farmstead and Artisan Cheesemaking

Sarah Cornelisse, Kerry E. Kaylegian, Ph.D., Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Emily Montgomery

The renaissance of farm-based dairy processing can be attractive, but it is imperative that farmers research and plan all aspects of a new enterprise. More
Making Cider Vinegar at Home
Making Cider Vinegar at Home - Articles Articles

Making Cider Vinegar at Home

Luke LaBorde, Ph.D.

Two factors require special attention when making vinegar at home: oxygen supply and temperature. More
Let's Preserve: Potatoes and Sweet Potatoes
Let's Preserve: Potatoes and Sweet Potatoes - Articles Articles

Let's Preserve: Potatoes and Sweet Potatoes

Martha Zepp, Andy Hirneisen, MA, Luke LaBorde, Ph.D.

For canning potatoes, select the “waxy” or “boiling” kinds. Most red-skin potatoes are suitable, and many white or gold round new potatoes with thin skins work well, too. More
Let's Preserve: Root Vegetables - Beets, Carrots, Turnips, and Rutabagas
Let's Preserve: Root Vegetables - Beets, Carrots, Turnips, and Rutabagas - Articles Articles

Let's Preserve: Root Vegetables - Beets, Carrots, Turnips, and Rutabagas

Martha Zepp, Andy Hirneisen, MA, Luke LaBorde, Ph.D.

Root vegetables must be processed in a pressure canner. They cannot be safely canned in a boiling water bath or atmospheric steam canner. More
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