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Let's Preserve: Freezing Fruits
Let's Preserve: Freezing Fruits - Articles Articles

Let's Preserve: Freezing Fruits

Luke LaBorde, Ph.D., Martha Zepp, Andy Hirneisen, MA

This article explains how to freeze foods successfully and provides details on freezing specific fruits. More
Entendiendo FSMA: Norma de Inocuidad de los Productos Agrícolas Frescos
Entendiendo FSMA: Norma de Inocuidad de los Productos Agrícolas Frescos - Articles Articles
Este artículo trata sobre las actividades de las huertas y los productos agrícolas frescos cubiertos por la Norma de Inocuidad de los Productos Agrícolas Frescos bajo la Ley de Modernización de la Inocuidad de los Alimentos (FSMA, por sus siglas en inglés), los requisitos clave, las posibles exenciones y las fechas de cumplimiento. More
Varios calabacines y calabazas en bandejas después de ser cosechados. Fotografía cortesía de la Fundación Chesapeake Bay (cbf.org)
Manteniendo seguros los productos agrícolas frescos usando las Buenas Prácticas Agrícolas - Articles Articles
Este artículo aborda las formas en que los productores pueden minimizar los riesgos a la inocuidad de los alimentos a través de la evaluación de las prácticas en sus huertas e implementando las buenas prácticas agrícolas. More
Impacto de FSMA en el Compostaje de Sustratos para la Producción de Hongos
Impacto de FSMA en el Compostaje de Sustratos para la Producción de Hongos - Articles Articles
Bajo la Ley de Modernización de la Inocuidad de los Alimentos (FSMA, por sus siglas en inglés) los productores de hongos tienen que reconocer peligros potenciales a la inocuidad de los alimentos y establecer medidas de control. More
Mushroom GAPs Audit and FSMA Resources
Mushroom GAPs Audit and FSMA Resources - Articles Articles
This article lists the information and resources needed to meet Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) and Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) standards specific for the mushroom industry. More
Control de Listeria Monocytogenes en el Medio Ambiente de Cultivo y Empaque de Hongos
Control de Listeria Monocytogenes en el Medio Ambiente de Cultivo y Empaque de Hongos - Articles Articles
En los últimos años ha aumentado el conocimiento de que Listeria monocytogenes puede ser un posible contaminante microbiano en alimentos listos para el consumo. More
Guidelines for Producing Unpasteurized Cider in Pennsylvania
Guidelines for Producing Unpasteurized Cider in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles

Guidelines for Producing Unpasteurized Cider in Pennsylvania

Luke LaBorde, Ph.D., Robert Crassweller, Ph.D.

This publication explains how to follow established food safety and sanitation standards that minimize the risk for contamination. More
Dark and Light Mushroom Peat Casing Soils Suppress Populations of Listeria and Salmonella
Dark and Light Mushroom Peat Casing Soils Suppress Populations of Listeria and Salmonella - Articles Articles
Studies show that when light peat is replaced with dark peat that contains lower microbial levels, developing plants tend to become more susceptible to diseases. More
Eradicating Listeria Monocytogenes From Mushroom Slicing and Packaging Environments
Eradicating Listeria Monocytogenes From Mushroom Slicing and Packaging Environments - Articles Articles
Now is the time for the mushroom industry to take all possible measures to minimize risks for Listeria contamination. More
FSMA Produce Safety and Preventive Controls Regulations: How Do They Apply?
FSMA Produce Safety and Preventive Controls Regulations: How Do They Apply? - Articles Articles
This article reviews the basics for Produce Safety and Preventive Controls and provides some information on how they may affect the mushroom industry. More
Method for Validating Thermal Sanitization of Mushroom Disk Slicing Equipment
Method for Validating Thermal Sanitization of Mushroom Disk Slicing Equipment - Articles Articles

Method for Validating Thermal Sanitization of Mushroom Disk Slicing Equipment

Luke LaBorde, Ph.D., Ramaswamy C. Anantheswaran, Hilary Tobin

This study demonstrates the feasibility of thermal sanitization treatment to eliminate L. monocytogenes at niche sites within slicer heads without requiring complete disassembly. More
Sanitary Transportation of Human and Animal Food
Sanitary Transportation of Human and Animal Food - Articles Articles
Part of the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA), the goal of the Sanitary Transportation rule is to prevent practices during transportation that create food safety risks. More
Alfalfa regrowth after the last summer cutting. Image Credit: Hanna Wells.
Potassium Management to Improve Alfalfa Winter Survival - Articles Articles
Proper potassium management in fall can improve winter survival of alfalfa. More
List of Co-packers and Manufacturers in Pennsylvania and Beyond List of Co-packers and Manufacturers in Pennsylvania and Beyond - Articles
A co-packer, or co-manufacturer, is an established food company that processes and packages your product according to your specifications. More
Food Entrepreneurs
Food Entrepreneurs - Articles Articles

Food Entrepreneurs

Luke LaBorde, Ph.D.

Are you looking to start a new food business? Are you an existing business looking for information on how to maximize your profitability? More
State and Federal Regulations for Food Processors State and Federal Regulations for Food Processors - Articles
Regulations vary from state to state. Here we provide resources from Pennsylvania and Federal sources. Check with your state Department of Agriculture or local Health Department to determine which regulations you need to follow. More
Nitrogen deficiency in corn, characterized by yellowing along the midrib of the lower leaves, starting at the leaf tip and moving towards the stalk. (Image credit: Charlie White)
What is the Potential for Nitrogen Losses from Extreme Summer Rainfall - Articles Articles
The severity of nitrogen losses from extreme summer rainfalls, and how you react to them, depends on many factors. More
Potassium deficiency on this corn crop is exhibited by yellowing and necrosis of the leaf edges in the lower part of the canopy. Image credit: Jeff Graybill
Scouting for Nutrient Deficiencies - Articles Articles
Regular visual inspections, paired with tissue testing, soil sampling, and some help from eyes in the sky, can help diagnose nutrient deficiencies in a growing crop. More
Urea granules treated with a urease inhibitor. Photo credit: Charlie White
Will Your Nitrogen Stabilizer be Effective? - Articles Articles
Nitrogen stabilizer products are valuable management tools to prevent losses of N fertilizer and increase N use efficiency by the crop. Knowing how these products work will you help you maximize their effectiveness. More
Tools for Writing a Farm Food Safety Plan
Tools for Writing a Farm Food Safety Plan - Articles Articles

Tools for Writing a Farm Food Safety Plan

Luke LaBorde, Ph.D., Lee Stivers

Penn State Extension offers a set of templates, checklist and logs, to assist farmers of fresh fruits and vegetables in writing farm food safety plans. More
Photo credit: Patrick Drohan
Soil pH Affects Forage Production - Articles Articles

Soil pH Affects Forage Production

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D., Charles White

Soil pH can be one of the greatest determinates of forage productivity and stand life. More
Understanding FSMA: The Produce Safety Rule
Understanding FSMA: The Produce Safety Rule - Articles Articles
Discussion of farming activities and produce covered in the Produce Safety Rule under the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA), key requirements, possible exemptions, and deadlines for compliance. More
Produce that is or is not covered under the FSMA Produce Safety Rule Produce that is or is not covered under the FSMA Produce Safety Rule - Articles
Find out which produce is covered or not covered under the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) - Produce Safety Rule. More
A field must have greater than 25% crop residue cover or a cover crop to be eligible for winter manure spreading, along with other restrictions. Photo credit: Charlie White
The Do’s and Don’ts of Winter Manure Spreading - Articles Articles
If winter manure spreading is absolutely unavoidable, follow these requirements to do it legally. More
Making Cider Vinegar at Home
Making Cider Vinegar at Home - Articles Articles

Making Cider Vinegar at Home

Luke LaBorde, Ph.D.

Two factors require special attention when making vinegar at home: oxygen supply and temperature. More
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