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Farmstead and Artisan Cheesemaking
Farmstead and Artisan Cheesemaking - Articles Articles

Farmstead and Artisan Cheesemaking

Sarah Cornelisse, Kerry E. Kaylegian, Ph.D., Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Emily Montgomery

The renaissance of farm-based dairy processing can be attractive, but it is imperative that farmers research and plan all aspects of a new enterprise. More
Writing Sanitation Standard Operating Procedures (SSOPs) Writing Sanitation Standard Operating Procedures (SSOPs) - Articles
Consistently using correct cleaning and sanitizing procedures in dairy and food processing plants is the foundation to producing high quality, safe food. More
Key Concepts of Cleaning and Sanitizing
Key Concepts of Cleaning and Sanitizing - Articles Articles

Key Concepts of Cleaning and Sanitizing

Kerry E. Kaylegian, Ph.D.

Proper cleaning and sanitizing is essential to producing high quality, safe dairy foods. A well-informed and trained staff provides the foundation for safe food processing. More
Cleaning and Sanitizing Wood Boards for Cheese Aging
Cleaning and Sanitizing Wood Boards for Cheese Aging - Articles Articles
The traditional practice of using wood boards for cheese aging must meet the contemporary practice of sanitation to ensure food safety. More
Dairy Food Processing - Federal Regulations
Dairy Food Processing - Federal Regulations - Articles Articles

Dairy Food Processing - Federal Regulations

Kerry E. Kaylegian, Ph.D.

Federal regulations for food processors encompass food safety, standards for manufacturing facilities, good manufacturing practices, and compositional standards. More
Judges cutting a 200 pound block of Swiss cheese
Pennsylvania Farm Show Cheese Competition - Articles Articles

Pennsylvania Farm Show Cheese Competition

Kerry E. Kaylegian, Ph.D.

The Pennsylvania Farm Show Cheese Competition is open to any Pennsylvania cheesemaker holding a valid dairy foods manufacturing permit. More
Home Cheesemaking
Home Cheesemaking - Articles Articles

Home Cheesemaking

Kerry E. Kaylegian, Ph.D.

Making cheese at home is fun. Proper preparation and attention to sanitation will make good tasting cheese that is safe for the whole family to enjoy. More
Photo by Tricia Borneman, Blooming Glen Farm
Keeping Produce Fresh: Best Practices for Producers - Articles Articles
Fruit and vegetable producers can follow these best practices for keeping produce fresh and safe in the field, at harvest, and through proper postharvest steps of cooling, washing, storage, and packing. More
Dairy Product Standards
Dairy Product Standards - Articles Articles

Dairy Product Standards

Kerry E. Kaylegian, Ph.D.

Many dairy food products have federal standards and grades that are based on composition, manufacturing, and quality requirements. More
The Grade "A" Pasteurized Milk Ordinance
The Grade "A" Pasteurized Milk Ordinance - Articles Articles

The Grade "A" Pasteurized Milk Ordinance

Kerry E. Kaylegian, Ph.D.

The Grade "A" Pasteurized Milk Ordinance (PMO) is recognized as the national standard for milk sanitation. More
Sanitation for Dairy Food Plants
Sanitation for Dairy Food Plants - Articles Articles

Sanitation for Dairy Food Plants

Kerry E. Kaylegian, Ph.D.

Sanitation Controls are an element of Food Safety Plans that are required for all food processors by the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA). The end result is high quality, safe dairy products. More
Photo by Roychan Kruawan
The Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) - Articles Articles

The Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA)

Kerry E. Kaylegian, Ph.D.

The Food Safety Modernization (FSMA) is sweeping legislation that puts into place mandatory prevention-based controls across the food supply to protect public safety and prevent illness. More
Dairy Food Processing - Pennsylvania Regulations
Dairy Food Processing - Pennsylvania Regulations - Articles Articles
Dairy food processors must meet all regulations that apply to food processors, as well as regulations for dairy food processing and standards for specific products. More
Finding and Keeping Good Employees
Finding and Keeping Good Employees - Articles Articles
As a new farmer, managing employees can be a huge challenge. More
Bombus in pollinator cover crop plots. Photo credit Tianna DuPont.
Pesticides and Pollinators - Articles Articles

Pesticides and Pollinators

Christina Grozinger, Ph.D., Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D., Tianna DuPont

Researchers believe that long term honey bee declines are a result of a complex set of factors. More
Reducing Soil Borne Diseases with Cover Crops
Reducing Soil Borne Diseases with Cover Crops - Articles Articles
Soil-borne diseases can be devastating to vegetable crops. More
Bobbin attached to wire at top of tomato trellis.
High Tunnel Tomato Production Basics - Articles Articles
Tomatoes are king in high tunnels. Tom Ford, Penn State Extension, explains a few best management practices for successful high tunnel tomatoes. More
Neoseiulus californicus, predatory mite.
Mites Like It Hot - Articles Articles

Mites Like It Hot

Tianna DuPont

Hot, dry weather is favorable for mite infestations. Mites can be seen in tomatoes, eggplant, cucumbers, strawberries and raspberries. More
Vicon spinner precision seeder.
Innovative Ways to Plant Fall Cover Crops - Articles Articles
Cover crops offer multiple benefits from soil conservation to weed suppression. To reap benefits, the ideal planting time is mid-August to mid-September. More
Harlequin Bug Russ Ottens University of Georgia
Harlequin Bugs – A Growing Problem in Pennsylvania? - Articles Articles
The harlequin bug is an important insect pest of cabbage and related crops in the southern half of the United States. Recently it has been reported more frequently in southeastern Pennsylvania. More
Thor Oechsner showing screens from the seed cleaner.
From Field to Flour - Articles Articles

From Field to Flour

Tianna DuPont

Are local grain products like polenta, wheat berries, pasta, and flour possible in the Northeast? More
Stress is common when temperatures exceed 90 F for several days in a row, humidity at 70% or more, and night temperatures no lower than 75 F; conditions that rarely occur in this area.
Does Shade Affect Weight Gain and Production? - Articles Articles
Grass fed beef producer in Northampton County heard that access to shade can affect weight gain and thus his bottom line... but what does research say? More
Scouting frequently and regularly could save your crop.
Scouting for Pests and Diseases - Articles Articles

Scouting for Pests and Diseases

Emelie Swackhamer, Tianna DuPont

Plant, weed, hoe, cultivate, water, plant, fertilize, water . . . No time to stop and take a close look for pests and diseases? Take a few minutes. It could save your crop. More
Small Striped Bee (Halictus). Photo USGS Bee Inventory.
What Can We Do to Encourage Native Bees? - Articles Articles

What Can We Do to Encourage Native Bees?

Christina Grozinger, Ph.D., Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D., Tianna DuPont

Pollinators need a diverse, abundant food source and a place to build their nests and rear their young. If we keep these two elements in mind we can encourage native bee populations. More
Varroa mite parasitizing bee. Thought to be one of the major factors contributing to hive losses. Photo Alex Wild.
Pollinator Declines - Articles Articles

Pollinator Declines

Christina Grozinger, Ph.D., Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D., Tianna DuPont

Domestic honey bees hives are down by 59% compared to 60 years ago with rapid declines over the last forty years. The populations of some native bee species may also be declining. More
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