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Growing for Local Craft Beverages in Western PA: Alternative Ag Inputs
Growing for Local Craft Beverages in Western PA: Alternative Ag Inputs - Articles Articles
Agricultural inputs for craft beverages are not limited to hops and malted grains. Spices, fruits, and herbs are also heavily used. See the following infographic to learn more! More
Diferentes tamaños de plantas inactivas. Foto: K. Demchak, Penn State
Establecimiento de Fresas - Principios Básicos - Articles Articles
Una plantación de fresa exitosa depende de que los principios básicos se apliquen correctamente en el momento de la siembra. Prestar atención a lo básico, lo llevará por el mejor camino para tener una plantación vigorosa. More
Photo: Rivertowne Brewing, Export, PA
Beer and Spirits: Supplying the Craft Beverage Boom with Local Ingredients - Articles Articles

Beer and Spirits: Supplying the Craft Beverage Boom with Local Ingredients

Maria L Graziani, MBA, Molly Berntsen, Heather E. Manzo, Rachel Hair, Thy Le An Ngo

Penn State Extension conducted research in 2017 to assess current and future production levels and supply chain actors and identify future potential for local and regional sourcing of ingredients More
CCO Creative Commons, pixaby.com
2018 Food Flavor Trends - Articles Articles

2018 Food Flavor Trends

Molly Berntsen, Heather E. Manzo

Using these previews early in the market season can assist with seed selection and inspire seasonal flavors for all manner of value added goods, farm markets and farmers markets! More
CCO Creative Commons, pixaby.com
Customer Acquisition: What You Need To Know - Articles Articles

Customer Acquisition: What You Need To Know

Molly Berntsen, Heather E. Manzo

When it comes to customer acquisition and customer retention rates, it is worth the time to learn a few basic principles! More
CCO Creative Commons, pixaby.com
Find Your Niche: Cultivating Customers that Share Your Passion for Your Business - Articles Articles
Every business needs a market-driven strategy to identify, target and reach customers looking for the unique attributes found in its products and services. More
Orchard IPM - Apple Scab Scouting and Management
Orchard IPM - Apple Scab Scouting and Management - Articles Articles

Orchard IPM - Apple Scab Scouting and Management

Kari A. Peter, Ph.D., Tianna DuPont

Make sure you know where apple scab overwinters, how to monitor, and when it is most likely to appear. More
Predator mite attacking European red mite. Photo courtesy of Dr. David Biddinger
Orchard IPM - European Red Mite Biological Control - Articles Articles

Orchard IPM - European Red Mite Biological Control

Dave Biddinger, Ph.D., Tara Baugher, Tianna DuPont

Infestations of red mites can result in smaller fruit and a reduced fruit bloom the following season. More
Cold-injured primary blackberry bud (left) and uninjured secondary bud (right). Photo credit: Fumi Takeda, USDA-ARS-AFRS
Small Fruit Cold Hardiness - Winter Injury in Brambles - Articles Articles

Small Fruit Cold Hardiness - Winter Injury in Brambles

Rich Marini, Ph.D., Kathy Demchak

Weather is also becoming more variable resulting in early-winter cold snaps and winter thaws followed by extreme cold events. More
Different dormant plant sizes. Photo: K. Demchak, Penn State
Strawberry Establishment - Planting and Other Basics - Articles Articles
A successful strawberry planting hinges on getting the basics right at planting time. If you can pay attention to the basics, you are well on your way to having a vigorous planting. More
Strawberry Nutrition - Sampling Leaves for Nutrient Analysis
Strawberry Nutrition - Sampling Leaves for Nutrient Analysis - Articles Articles
When growers send in strawberry leaves for a nutrient analysis, should the petioles remain attached or be removed? More
Photo by M. Seetin.
Pollinators and Pesticide Sprays during Bloom in Fruit Plantings - Articles Articles

Pollinators and Pesticide Sprays during Bloom in Fruit Plantings

Dave Biddinger, Ph.D., Kathy Demchak, Ed Rajotte, Ph.D., Tara Baugher

Use of pesticides during bloom is a complicated problem with the solutions relying on understanding the detailed relationships among chemicals, pollinators and pest management needs. More
Symptoms typical of severe anthracnose infection on blackberry.
Blackberry Fruit Disorders - Effects on Fruit Quality - Articles Articles
This article discusses some common blackberry fruit issues, including whitening of drupelets, drupelet reddening, insect feeding injury, canker diseases and spotted wing drosophila. More
Small Fruit Mite - Broad Mites on Blackberries
Small Fruit Mite - Broad Mites on Blackberries - Articles Articles

Small Fruit Mite - Broad Mites on Blackberries

Kathy Demchak, Donn Johnson

Broad mite (Polyphagotarsonemus latus) has been problematic for pepper growers in PA for the last couple of years. Now we can add blackberries to the list of crops that they frequent. More
Source: SCRI-Dundee , Scottish Crop Research Institute, Bugwood.org
Bramble Diseases - Viruses - Articles Articles
Virus diseases can seriously damage brambles, especially raspberries, and can affect the lifetime of a planting. More
Raspberry Mosaic Virus. Photo by K. Demchak.
Bramble Diseases - Virus Control - Articles Articles
Control measures for virus diseases in brambles are aimed mainly at removing sources of the virus from within and around the planting. More
Strawberry Disease - Verticillium Wilt
Strawberry Disease - Verticillium Wilt - Articles Articles
Verticillium wilt of strawberry, caused by the soilborne fungus Verticillium albo-atrum, infects more than 300 kinds of cultivated plants. More
Bramble Disease - Verticillium Wilt
Bramble Disease - Verticillium Wilt - Articles Articles
Verticillium wilt is caused by two common soilborne fungi (Verticillium dahliae and Verticillium albo-atrum) that have a wide host range and attack more than 300 woody and herbaceous plants. More
Source: Mary Ann Hansen, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Bugwood.org
Bramble Disease - Spur Blight - Articles Articles
Red and purple raspberries are more affected by spur blight, Didymella applanata, than black raspberries. Blackberries appear to be immune. More
Source: SCRI-Dundee , Scottish Crop Research Institute, Bugwood.org
Strawberry Disease - Red Stele - Articles Articles
Red stele, or red core, Phytophthora fragariae, is the most serious disease of strawberry in areas with cool, moist soil conditions. More
Blueberry Disease - Powdery Mildew, Not Symptoms You’d Expect
Blueberry Disease - Powdery Mildew, Not Symptoms You’d Expect - Articles Articles
Powdery mildew, a warm-weather high-humidity disease, is present in some blueberry plantings. Lowbush, highbush, and rabbiteye blueberries are all affected. More
Photo by Kathy Demchak.
Strawberry Disease - Powdery Mildew - Articles Articles
Powdery mildew, Sphaerotheca macularis, occurs on a wide range of hosts and almost everywhere the strawberry is grown. More
Source: André Bolay, St. Fédér. de Recherches Agronomiques de Changins, Bugwood.org
Raspberry Disease - Phytophthora Root Rot - Articles Articles
Phytophthora root rot, Phytophthora species, is now regarded as a major cause of declining red raspberry plantings. More
Source: Edward Beasley, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org
Blueberry Disease - Mummy Berry - Articles Articles
Mummy berry, Monilinia vaccinii-corymbosi, is the most serious and widespread disease of highbush, lowbush, and rabbiteye blueberries. It is most serious following moist, spring weather conditions. More
Bramble Disease - Mosaic Virus
Bramble Disease - Mosaic Virus - Articles Articles
Mosaic affects all raspberries but seldom affects blackberries. The mosaic virus complex overwinters in infected plants and is spread by aphids. More
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