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A promising stand of alfalfa in bloom. Image Credit: Jessica Williamson
Fall Forage Establishment - Articles Articles

Fall Forage Establishment

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D., Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Pasture managers and hay producers have a window of opportunity in the late summer and early fall to improve existing or establish new stands through seeding. More
Forage Variety Trials Reports
Forage Variety Trials Reports - Articles Articles

Forage Variety Trials Reports

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Forage Trials Report summarizes performance data collected from ongoing forage trials at two sites in Pennsylvania. More
Take Advantage of Your Existing Markets
Take Advantage of Your Existing Markets - Articles Articles
When it comes to the livestock business, or any agricultural enterprise, a broad perspective and an open mind about potential market channels can help strengthen your business. More
Black walnut fruit. Photo: K. Salisbury, Penn State
Working With the Black Walnut - Articles Articles

Working With the Black Walnut

Kathleen V. Salisbury

Black walnut is one of the last trees to leaf out in the spring and one of the first to lose its leaves in the fall. More
Determining Pasture Yield
Determining Pasture Yield - Articles Articles

Determining Pasture Yield

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Direct and indirect methods of determining pasture yield. More
Forage Quality in Perspective
Forage Quality in Perspective - Articles Articles

Forage Quality in Perspective

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Fluctuations in milk prices, feed costs, and government programs are forcing dairy farmers to become more efficient with their farm operation. More
Where to Send Samples for Analysis
Where to Send Samples for Analysis - Articles Articles
Once you have gone to the effort of correctly collecting a sample, how can you be sure that the results you receive from the testing laboratory are accurate? More
Why Test Forage Quality?
Why Test Forage Quality? - Articles Articles

Why Test Forage Quality?

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Greater net profit is the bottom line for why livestock producers need to know the quality of the forages they are feeding! More
Consider including violets in landscapes, or just leaving them where they are doing well. Photo: Kathleen Salisbury
Underused Native Plants: Common Blue Violets - Articles Articles
Native plants have become very popular over the years. More
Leaves of a young Swamp White Oak (Quercus bicolor) may remain on the tree early into spring. Photo: Kathleen V. Salisbury
Why Do You Just Keep Me Hanging On? - Articles Articles

Why Do You Just Keep Me Hanging On?

Kathleen V. Salisbury

Have you ever noticed some trees hang on to their leaves after all the other have colored up and fallen to the ground? More
NUBeef-BCS
Let New Technology Help With an Old School Chore - Articles Articles
Evaluating the Body Condition Score of individual females in your cowherd will go a long way in determining how you feed your herd during the winter months. More
Plant Disease resistant varieties like this PrairiFire Crabapple, which is also resistant to scab, rust and mildew. Photo by K Salisbury, Taken at the Almshouse Arboretum of Bucks County Extension Doylestown PA
Fire Blight in the Ornamental Landscape - Articles Articles
This disease, caused by Erwinia amylovora attacks more than 75 species of trees and shrubs. More
Petite cones of Canada Hemlock. Photo: Kathy Salisbury
Evergreen Native Plants - Articles Articles

Evergreen Native Plants

Kathleen V. Salisbury

After the autumn leaves fall we start thinking of plants that will keep our interest throughout the winter. More
Gypsy Moth Larvae
Gypsy Moth Larvae - Articles Articles

Gypsy Moth Larvae

Kathleen V. Salisbury

Gypsy Moth larvae can devastate a forest. More
Forage Quality Testing: Why, How, and Where
Forage Quality Testing: Why, How, and Where - Articles Articles

Forage Quality Testing: Why, How, and Where

Marvin Hall, Ph.D., Virginia A. Ishler

For nearly four decades, scientists have been refining the ability to test forages for quality. More
Pasture and Hay for Horses
Pasture and Hay for Horses - Articles Articles

Pasture and Hay for Horses

Marvin Hall, Ph.D., Pat M. Comerford

To minimize feed costs, it is important to keep horses healthy and feed them a balanced ration that meets their nutritional needs. More
Calibration of Grain/Seed Drills
Calibration of Grain/Seed Drills - Articles Articles

Calibration of Grain/Seed Drills

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA, Ron Hoover

The seed delivery system in drills is not as precise as that used in planters because they use flutes or sponges to meter seed instead of seed singulation. More
Warm-Season Grasses for Pheasants
Warm-Season Grasses for Pheasants - Articles Articles

Warm-Season Grasses for Pheasants

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Warm-season grasses such as big bluestem and switchgrass can provide forage for animals throughout the summer months when cool-season grasses become less productive. More
Tall Fescue
Tall Fescue - Articles Articles

Tall Fescue

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

In Pennsylvania, Tall fescue has been used primarily for conservation purposes but is well suited as hay, silage, or pasture. More
Strategies for Extending the Grazing Season
Strategies for Extending the Grazing Season - Articles Articles
Several strategies can be employed to supply forage into the fall or early winter. More
Need Forage? Try Annual Crops
Need Forage? Try Annual Crops - Articles Articles

Need Forage? Try Annual Crops

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Alternative species to meet forage needs and supplement feedstocks. More
Grazing Winter Small Grains
Grazing Winter Small Grains - Articles Articles

Grazing Winter Small Grains

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Grazing winter small grains can be an easy and profitable way to start grazing early in the season, but requires proper management of the crop and livestock. More
Grazing Alfalfa in Pennsylvania
Grazing Alfalfa in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles

Grazing Alfalfa in Pennsylvania

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Grazing alfalfa is not a new practice. Alfalfa has been grazed alone or in mixtures with grasses and other legumes since its introduction into the United States. More
Four Steps to Rotational Grazing
Four Steps to Rotational Grazing - Articles Articles

Four Steps to Rotational Grazing

J. Craig Williams, Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

A well-managed pasture program can be the most economical way to provide forage to ruminant animals. More
John D. Byrd, Mississippi State University, Bugwood.org
Grass Tetany in Grazing Animals - Articles Articles

Grass Tetany in Grazing Animals

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Be alert to the potential risk for Grass Tetany in high potassium soils and when other conditions are favorable for the development of this livestock illness. More
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