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La roña de la manzana necesita material orgánico para invernar
MIP – Exploración y Manejo de la Roña de la Manzana - Articles Articles

MIP – Exploración y Manejo de la Roña de la Manzana

Kari A. Peter, Ph.D., Montserrat Fonseca Estrada, Tianna Dupont

Asegúrese de saber dónde pasa el invierno la roña de manzana, cómo supervisarla y cuándo es más probable que aparezca. More
Supplier Controls for Prevention of Food Safety Recalls
Supplier Controls for Prevention of Food Safety Recalls - Articles Articles
The Preventive Controls for Human Foods Regulation requires food companies to develop and implement a risk-based Food Safety Plan. More
Handwashing Poster
Handwashing Poster - Articles Articles

Handwashing Poster

Martin Bucknavage

Poster provides instructions on the proper handwashing techniques. In spanish and english. More
Developing a Food Defense Plan
Developing a Food Defense Plan - Articles Articles

Developing a Food Defense Plan

Martin Bucknavage

Learn how to meet compliance requirements in the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) rule on preventing intentional contamination. More
Tree Fruit Disease Toolbox - Fungicide Resistance Management
Tree Fruit Disease Toolbox - Fungicide Resistance Management - Articles Articles
Resistance has sometimes resulted in pest-management-program failures. Below are presented tactics to help delay resistance to fungicides. More
Tiny, black, spherical structures are produced on stalks above the white mold. Each of these contains thousands of spores that are released to float in the air. Photo by K. Peter.
Stone Fruit Disease - Rhizopus Rot - Articles Articles

Stone Fruit Disease - Rhizopus Rot

Kari A. Peter, Ph.D.

Rhizopus rot, caused by Rhizopus nigricans, can be very destructive to harvested fruit. More
Source: Mary Ann Hansen, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Bugwood.org
Apple Disease - Blossom End Rot - Articles Articles

Apple Disease - Blossom End Rot

Kari A. Peter, Ph.D.

Blossom end rot of apple, is caused by various fungi (Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Botrytis cinerea, Botrysphaeria obtusa) just before or during petal fall. More
Food Safety Modernization Act - Foreign Supplier Verification Program (FSVP) Rule
Food Safety Modernization Act - Foreign Supplier Verification Program (FSVP) Rule - Articles Articles
Learn more about imported foods and the FSMA Foreign Supplier Verification Program rule, plus find educational opportunities from Penn State Extension. More
Protect tart cherries during bloom to prevent cherry leaf spot infection.
Tree Fruit Diseases - Spring Control Strategies - Articles Articles
May is the battleground month for disease management: be on alert for apple scab, fire blight, powdery mildew, rust, cherry leaf spot, brown rot, and bacterial spot infection conditions. More
Orchard IPM - Apple Scab Scouting and Management
Orchard IPM - Apple Scab Scouting and Management - Articles Articles

Orchard IPM - Apple Scab Scouting and Management

Kari A. Peter, Ph.D., Tianna DuPont

Make sure you know where apple scab overwinters, how to monitor, and when it is most likely to appear. More
Be sure to protect your fruit from rots: bitter rot on Red Delicious. (Photo credit: K. Peter)
Tree Fruit Diseases - Managing Pre- and Postharvest Rots - Articles Articles
A big disease concern is keeping fruit free of rots as they are nearing the home stretch of the season. More
Brown rot can cause shoot blight. (Photo: K. Peter)
Tree Fruit Diseases - Brown Rot, Fire Blight, Root Rots - Articles Articles
With peach season in full swing, mid-season management strategies are reviewed. More
Pear Disease - Stony Pit
Pear Disease - Stony Pit - Articles Articles

Pear Disease - Stony Pit

Kari A. Peter, Ph.D.

Stony pit of pear is presumed to be caused by a destructive virus, but the virus has not been isolated. Affected fruit are unsightly and unmarketable. More
Photo by K. Peter.
Pear Disease - Sooty Mold - Articles Articles

Pear Disease - Sooty Mold

Kari A. Peter, Ph.D.

Sooty mold fungi of the genus Capnodium cause an unsightly blackening over the surface of fruit and leaves. More
Spores of the fungi are windblown into and throughout the orchard; fruit infection can occur any time after petal fall but is most prevalent in mid- to late summer. Photo by K. Peter.
Apple Diseases - Sooty Blotch and Flyspeck - Articles Articles
Affecting apple, crabapple, and pear trees, sooty blotch and flyspeck of apple are separate diseases, but both are normally present on the same fruit. More
Rusty spot is recognized only on the fruit. The earliest symptoms on young green fruit appear as small, orange-tan spots. K. Peter.
Peach Disease - Rusty Spot - Articles Articles

Peach Disease - Rusty Spot

Kari A. Peter, Ph.D.

Minor issue in Pennsylvania and is caused by the same fungus as apple powdery mildew. Loring is a susceptible variety. More
On leaves, cedar-apple rust first appears as small, pale yellow spots on the upper surfaces. The spots enlarge to about 1∕8 inch in diameter. Photo by K. Peter.
Apple Diseases - Rust - Articles Articles

Apple Diseases - Rust

Kari A. Peter, Ph.D.

There are three rust diseases: cedar-apple rust, hawthorn rust, and quince rust. The most common is cedar-apple rust, Gymnosporangium juniperi-virginianae. More
A declining tree with bark removed from graft union to show necrosis. Note numerous rootstock suckers. (Photo: K. Peter)
Apple Disease - Rapid Apple Decline (RAD) or Sudden Apple Decline (SAD)? - Articles Articles
There is a mystery surrounding rapid apple decline/sudden apple decline of young, dwarf apple trees. More
Dagger Nematode (Xiphinema spp.). Photo courtesy N.C. State University.
Nematodes - Preventing Problems in Deciduous Fruit Trees - Articles Articles
Nematodes reduce tree vigor and crop yields by parasitizing tree roots; they predispose trees to disease, reduce winter hardiness, and transmit viruses. More
A thermometer that records the maximum and minimum temperature is extremely useful for determining degree hours.
Tree Fruit Diseases - Predicting Infection Periods to Apply Protection - Articles Articles
This article will help you manually determine infection periods for certain diseases. Also included is a table listing coppers available to manage bacterial spot during cover sprays. More
Source: William M. Brown Jr., Bugwood.org
Peach Disease - Powdery Mildew of Peach, Nectarine, and Apricot - Articles Articles
Powdery mildew, Sphaerotheca pannosa, sometimes called rose mildew (it affects some woody ornamentals), is not often serious. More
Source: Bruce Watt, University of Maine, Bugwood.org
Stone Fruit Disease - Powdery Mildew of Cherry and Plum - Articles Articles
The disease is caused by Podosphaeria oxyacanthae, one of the common species of the powdery mildew group of fungi. More
On leaves of new shoot growth symptoms of powdery mildew are feltlike, white patches on the margins and lower surfaces. Infected leaves curl upward and soon become covered with a powdery coating of spores. Photo by K. Peter.
Apple Disease - Powdery Mildew - Articles Articles

Apple Disease - Powdery Mildew

Kari A. Peter, Ph.D.

Powdery mildew, caused by the fungus Podosphaera leucotricha, attacks buds, blossoms, leaves, new shoots, and fruit of wild and cultivated apples and crabapples. More
Source: Mike Schomaker, Colorado State Forest Service, Bugwood.org
Stone Fruit Disease - Plum Pockets - Articles Articles

Stone Fruit Disease - Plum Pockets

Kari A. Peter, Ph.D.

In the northeastern United States, the most important disease affecting American-type plums is known as plum pockets, or bladder plum. It is caused by Taphrina communis. More
Source: Joseph OBrien, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
Plum Disease - Plum Leaf Spot - Articles Articles

Plum Disease - Plum Leaf Spot

Kari A. Peter, Ph.D.

Leaf spot of plums and prune-type plums is caused by the fungus Coccomyces prunophorae. More
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