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Yogurt Dairy Refrigerator-2722678 by Albany Colley. Pixabay.com. CC0
Dairy Outlook: October 2018 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: October 2018

Robert C. Goodling, Jr., David L. Swartz, Claudia Schmidt, Ph.D., Timothy Beck, Virginia A. Ishler

Current dairy markets are hinting at potential gradual increase in milk price into 2019. Global trade volatility continues to hinder widespread optimism. More
milk-spilt-white-glass-spill-1543193 by ponce_photography. Pixabay.com CC0
Dairy Outlook: September 2018 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: September 2018

Robert C. Goodling, Jr., David L. Swartz, Claudia Schmidt, Ph.D., Virginia A. Ishler, Timothy Beck

Milk prices remain on the low side of a four-year modest price range. Monitoring a producer's individual price regularly is vital to see trends and potential opportunities at the farm level. More
Telephone-telegraph-pole-wire-1822040 by aitoff. Pixabay.com. cc0
Dairy Outlook: June 2018 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: June 2018

David L. Swartz, Robert C. Goodling, Jr., Timothy Beck, Virginia A. Ishler

Milk price continued slow climb, but milk margins remain tight. Current tumultuous environment in global trade may limit long term progress. More
David Swartz, Penn State
Dairy Outlook: May 2018 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: May 2018

David L. Swartz, Robert C. Goodling, Jr., Timothy Beck, Virginia A. Ishler

Long term survival of a dairy operation will hinge on management’s ability to find ways to push the cost of production below $17.50/cwt while maintaining some level of reinvestment in the operation. More
"duck-2166056" alexas_fotos, pixabay.com CC0
Dairy Outlook: April 2018 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: April 2018

Robert C. Goodling, Jr., David L. Swartz, Timothy Beck, Virginia A. Ishler

Pennsylvania dairy cash flows continue to be upside down as income over feed cost and milk margins shrink and are below breakeven levels. More
Credit Squeeze by Stevepb on pixabay.com cc0
Dairy Outlook: March 2018 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: March 2018

David L. Swartz, Robert C. Goodling, Jr., Virginia A. Ishler, Timothy Beck

With cow numbers steady, increasing domestic milk production, robust inventory of dairy products, and other factors, there are no market signals to indicate strength for future milk prices. More
Roller Coaster by dlohner on pixabay.com cc0
Dairy Outlook: February 2018 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: February 2018

David L. Swartz, Robert C. Goodling, Jr., Timothy Beck, Virginia A. Ishler

All milk price for December 2017 showed the anticipated drop from the previous month. Feed price were steady, created a slightly smaller Income over Feed Cost opportunity. More
"Glass-milk-white-cows-milk" by Pezibear on pixabay.com CC0
Dairy Outlook: January 2018 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: January 2018

David L. Swartz, Robert C. Goodling, Jr., Virginia A. Ishler, Timothy Beck

Current predicted Class III price for the first 11 months of 2018 is averaging $14.57/cwt. To face the year with optimism is to be sure dairy producers really understand their cost of production. More
R. Goodling Penn State
Dairy Outlook: December 2017 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: December 2017

David L. Swartz, Robert C. Goodling, Jr., Timothy Beck, Virginia A. Ishler

The milk price forecast for 2018 is starting to solidify, and good news is hard to find. U.S. milk production growth has slowed, but global supply is still hampering future price increases. More
"Open road stormy sky" Desertrose7, pixabay.com CC0
Dairy Outlook: November 2017 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: November 2017

David L. Swartz, Robert C. Goodling, Jr., Timothy Beck, Virginia A. Ishler

Markets continue to move sideways with little prospect for forecast price improvement. None of the factors that are well known give much optimism for price improvement More
Robert Goodling, Penn State
Dairy Outlook: October 2017 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: October 2017

David L. Swartz, Robert C. Goodling, Jr., Timothy Beck, Virginia A. Ishler

October dairy outlook: little potential for increases in milk price; feed prices trending downward; harvests provide breathing room to milk margin/IOFC for Pennsylvania producers. More
Planting Ornamentals
Planting Ornamentals - Articles Articles

Planting Ornamentals

Jim Sellmer, Ph.D., Martin McGann, J. Robert Nuss

This publication covers the factors involved in successful, healthy and long-lived plantings, including buying healthy plants, different types of ornamentals, and the proper way to plant them. More
Soil Management in Home Gardens and Landscapes
Soil Management in Home Gardens and Landscapes - Articles Articles

Soil Management in Home Gardens and Landscapes

Jim Sellmer, Ph.D., David Lee Sanford, Ph.D., J. Robert Nuss

This publication explores the interrelationship of a plant and the soil in which it is rooted. More
Controlling Weeds in Nursery and Landscape Plantings
Controlling Weeds in Nursery and Landscape Plantings - Articles Articles

Controlling Weeds in Nursery and Landscape Plantings

Tracey Lynn Harpster, Jim Sellmer, Ph.D., Larry Kuhns

This guide explains how people who grow and maintain landscape and nursery plantings can develop effective weed control programs. More
Sowing Annual Seeds
Sowing Annual Seeds - Articles Articles

Sowing Annual Seeds

Kathy Kelley, Ph.D., Jim Sellmer, Ph.D.

In this guide, sowing annual seeds both indoors and outdoors is explored, as well the care and management of seeds. More
Ornamentals and Deer: Realities and Landscape Plant Options
Ornamentals and Deer: Realities and Landscape Plant Options - Articles Articles

Ornamentals and Deer: Realities and Landscape Plant Options

Jim Sellmer, Ph.D., Rick Bates, Ph.D., Gary San Julian, Ph.D.

There is much frustration toward the prevalence of deer and the damage they cause. More
How to Pasteurize Medium and Sterilize Containers and Tools
How to Pasteurize Medium and Sterilize Containers and Tools - Articles Articles

How to Pasteurize Medium and Sterilize Containers and Tools

Jim Sellmer, Ph.D., Kathy Kelley, Ph.D., Phyllis Lamont

To increase the survival rate for seedlings during germination, containers and tools should be sterilized and pasteurized or sterile soilless mixes should be used as growing medium. More
Boxwoods for Pennsylvania Landscapes
Boxwoods for Pennsylvania Landscapes - Articles Articles

Boxwoods for Pennsylvania Landscapes

Jim Sellmer, Ph.D., Gregory Hoover

In the nursery and landscape trade today, numerous boxwood varieties and hybrids are available. More
Ericacea (Heath) Family and Their Culture
Ericacea (Heath) Family and Their Culture - Articles Articles

Ericacea (Heath) Family and Their Culture

Jim Sellmer, Ph.D., Rick Bates, Ph.D.

Generally, the ericaceous plants are woody and range in size from low ground covers to small trees over 20 feet tall. More
Landscaping and Gardening Around Walnuts and Other Juglone Producing Plants
Landscaping and Gardening Around Walnuts and Other Juglone Producing Plants - Articles Articles
Walnuts and hickories produce the chemical juglone (5 hydroxy-1,4- napthoquinone), which is exuded from all parts of the plant. More
Pruning Herbaceous Plants
Pruning Herbaceous Plants - Articles Articles

Pruning Herbaceous Plants

Kathy Kelley, Ph.D., Jim Sellmer, Ph.D., Phyllis Lamont

A certain amount of maintenance is needed to keep a garden looking its best. This minimal effort may mean the difference between a garden that is mediocre and one that evokes many compliments. More
Homemade Potting Media
Homemade Potting Media - Articles Articles

Homemade Potting Media

Jim Sellmer, Ph.D., Kathy Kelley, Ph.D.

Many cost conscious home gardeners and do-it-yourselfers are often looking for cheaper ways of growing plants for home and garden use. One way to achieve this may be by making homemade potting media. More
Shade Tolerant Trees, Shrubs, and Groundcovers
Shade Tolerant Trees, Shrubs, and Groundcovers - Articles Articles

Shade Tolerant Trees, Shrubs, and Groundcovers

Jim Sellmer, Ph.D., Scott Guiser

Most plants grow best in full sunlight and all plants need some light to survive. More
Trees, Shrubs, and Groundcovers Tolerant of Dry Sites
Trees, Shrubs, and Groundcovers Tolerant of Dry Sites - Articles Articles

Trees, Shrubs, and Groundcovers Tolerant of Dry Sites

Jim Sellmer, Ph.D., J. Robert Nuss, Scott Guiser

Dry soil can exist when there is simply not enough water to supply plant roots in a growing area. More
Trees, Shrubs, and Groundcovers Tolerant of Wet Sites
Trees, Shrubs, and Groundcovers Tolerant of Wet Sites - Articles Articles

Trees, Shrubs, and Groundcovers Tolerant of Wet Sites

Jim Sellmer, Ph.D., J. Robert Nuss, Scott Guiser

Very few plants will grow when soil is constantly saturated; however, some trees, shrubs, and ground covers are more tolerant of wet sites than others. More
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