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In determining whether to make hay, know how much you can harvest and at what point you’re considering mowing.
Challenges and Considerations for Fall Hay Harvest - Articles Articles

Challenges and Considerations for Fall Hay Harvest

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D., Paul D. Esker, Adriana Murillo-Williams

Successful management of forage stands in the fall hinges on properly evaluating stands and giving plants enough leaf area to survive the winter. More
Diplodia ear rot. Photo Credit: Alyssa Collins
Corn Ear Rots and Mycotoxins - Articles Articles

Corn Ear Rots and Mycotoxins

Adriana Murillo-Williams, Alyssa Collins, Ph.D., Paul D. Esker

There are many pathogens that cause ear rots. Identify which ones are associated with mycotoxin contamination! More
Figure 1. Wheat seed and young seedlings affected by Fusarium graminearum (white arrows). (Photo credit: Brandon Wilt, PSU-PPEM.)
Wheat and Barley Diseases: What is in Your Seed? - Articles Articles

Wheat and Barley Diseases: What is in Your Seed?

Adriana Murillo-Williams, Alyssa Collins, Ph.D., Paul D. Esker

Seeds can serve as the vehicle for unwanted plant pathogens and weeds. Avoid the risks! More
Mid-ear cutworm injury resulting in subsequent ear mold infection by several pathogens. Image credit: G. Roth
Avoiding Mycotoxins in Grain Corn and Silage - Articles Articles

Avoiding Mycotoxins in Grain Corn and Silage

Alyssa Collins, Ph.D., Paul D. Esker, Adriana Murillo-Williams

Toxins caused by fungi are a real concern in grain corn and silage. Is there anything we can do about it? More
Figure 1. Soybean cyst nematodes females (yellow arrows) and nodules (white arrows) on soybean roots. Photo credit: Penn State Department of Plant Pathology & Environmental Microbiology Archives, Penn State University, Bugwood.org
Plant Parasitic Nematodes Explained - Articles Articles

Plant Parasitic Nematodes Explained

Adriana Murillo-Williams, Alyssa Collins, Ph.D., Paul D. Esker

Have you noticed a decline in yield without a clear explanation? It could be due to plant parasitic nematodes. More
Grey Leaf Spot in corn. Image Credit: Alyssa Collins
Early-season Corn Fungicide Considerations - Articles Articles

Early-season Corn Fungicide Considerations

Alyssa Collins, Ph.D., Paul D. Esker

Does it pay to spray at V5 to V7, or even V10, corn? What factors should we consider before pulling the trigger? More
Bin-run seed lacks the quality of certified seed. Photo credit: Alyssa Collins
Bin-run Seed: Associated Risks for Soybean Production - Articles Articles

Bin-run Seed: Associated Risks for Soybean Production

Adriana Murillo-Williams, Alyssa Collins, Ph.D., Paul D. Esker

Before you try to save money by planting farm-saved seed, know the hidden costs! More
Pennsylvania Farm-A-Syst: Worksheet 1: Water Well Condition and Construction
Pennsylvania Farm-A-Syst: Worksheet 1: Water Well Condition and Construction - Articles Articles
If wells are not properly constructed or maintained, groundwater may become contaminated, putting human and livestock health at risk. This publication helps farmers evaluate water protection. More
Pennsylvania Farm-A-Syst Worksheet 5: Milkhouse Waste Management
Pennsylvania Farm-A-Syst Worksheet 5: Milkhouse Waste Management - Articles Articles
This publication helps farmers evaluate groundwater and surface water protection related to milkhouse wastewater conditions and management practices. More
Treated (left) and non-treated (right) soybean seeds. Photo credit: Paul Esker & Alyssa Collins, Penn State.
Seed Selection Based on Disease Resistance Ratings - Articles Articles

Seed Selection Based on Disease Resistance Ratings

Paul D. Esker, Alyssa Collins, Ph.D.

Make choices for a healthy crop next season before putting even one seed in the ground. More
Choosing A Nutrient Management Planner Choosing A Nutrient Management Planner - Articles
Pennsylvania agricultural operations that are designated Concentrated Animal Operations or Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations are required to implement an approved nutrient management plan. More
Pennsylvania's Nutrient Management Act (Act 38): Who Is Affected?
Pennsylvania's Nutrient Management Act (Act 38): Who Is Affected? - Articles Articles
Learn how to calculate the animal density of an agricultural operation to determine if it is a Concentrated Animal Operation (CAO) and thereby required to implement an Act 38 nutrient management plan. More
Manure Spreader Calibration
Manure Spreader Calibration - Articles Articles

Manure Spreader Calibration

Jerry Martin, Douglas Beegle, Ph.D.

Manure spreader calibration is an essential and valuable nutrient management tool for maximizing the efficient use of available manure nutrients. More
Manure Sampling for Nutrient Management Planning
Manure Sampling for Nutrient Management Planning - Articles Articles

Manure Sampling for Nutrient Management Planning

Jerry Martin, Douglas Beegle, Ph.D.

Manure is an excellent source of many essential plant nutrients and, with proper management, can meet nearly all crop nutrient needs. More