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A promising stand of alfalfa in bloom. Image Credit: Jessica Williamson
Fall Forage Establishment - Articles Articles

Fall Forage Establishment

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D., Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Pasture managers and hay producers have a window of opportunity in the late summer and early fall to improve existing or establish new stands through seeding. More
Forage Variety Trials Reports
Forage Variety Trials Reports - Articles Articles

Forage Variety Trials Reports

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Forage Trials Report summarizes performance data collected from ongoing forage trials at two sites in Pennsylvania. More
Determining Pasture Yield
Determining Pasture Yield - Articles Articles

Determining Pasture Yield

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Direct and indirect methods of determining pasture yield. More
Tall Fescue
Tall Fescue - Articles Articles

Tall Fescue

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

In Pennsylvania, Tall fescue has been used primarily for conservation purposes but is well suited as hay, silage, or pasture. More
Triploid grass carp are one potential management strategy for aquatic plants in your pond
Using Grass Carp to Control Aquatic Plants - Articles Articles

Using Grass Carp to Control Aquatic Plants

Bryan Swistock, Jennifer R Fetter, Amy Galford, James Andrew Clark

This information explains how to use grass carp for biological aquatic vegetation control. More
Common Water Test Parameters Related to Natural Gas Drilling
Common Water Test Parameters Related to Natural Gas Drilling - Articles Articles
Water test reports of water near gas drilling activity generally have these common parameters. More
A small roadside spring located along a state forest road in northcentral Pennsylvania.
Roadside Springs - Articles Articles

Roadside Springs

Bryan Swistock, Susan Boser, Mark Madden, Diane Oleson, M.S., Amy Galford, Gary William Micsky, James Andrew Clark

This article discusses a research study on the water quality and use of numerous roadside springs across Pennsylvania. More
Howard F. Schwartz, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org
Alfalfa Frost Heaving: Assessing the Damage - Articles Articles
March is the time to scout for alfalfa frost heaving so that preparations can be made if the stand will need to be rotated out in spring. More
Need Forage? Try Annual Crops
Need Forage? Try Annual Crops - Articles Articles

Need Forage? Try Annual Crops

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Alternative species to meet forage needs and supplement feedstocks. More
Poisonous Pasture Weeds
Poisonous Pasture Weeds - Articles Articles

Poisonous Pasture Weeds

Marvin Hall, Ph.D., Dwight Lingenfelter, William S. Curran, Ph.D.

Grazing animals will very rarely eat poisonous weeds if there are other options. However, the wet weather has been great for poisonous plant growth and the concern is heightened. More
John D. Byrd, Mississippi State University, Bugwood.org
Grass Tetany in Grazing Animals - Articles Articles

Grass Tetany in Grazing Animals

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Be alert to the potential risk for Grass Tetany in high potassium soils and when other conditions are favorable for the development of this livestock illness. More
Common Drinking Water Problems and Solutions
Common Drinking Water Problems and Solutions - Articles Articles

Common Drinking Water Problems and Solutions

Bryan Swistock, James Andrew Clark

A listing of symptoms in water (color, smell, taste), the common causes, and possible solutions to common drinking water problems. More
Beware of the Dangers of Hot Hay
Beware of the Dangers of Hot Hay - Articles Articles

Beware of the Dangers of Hot Hay

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Wet weather can make hay making difficult. Therefore, it’s especially important to monitor the temperature and condition of stored hay. More
Fig. 1. Brown stripe on orchardgrass
Diseases in Orchardgrass - Articles Articles

Diseases in Orchardgrass

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Major diseases of orchardgrass in our area has no quick fix yet, but fertility management helps. More
Chemical Conditioners for Hay
Chemical Conditioners for Hay - Articles Articles

Chemical Conditioners for Hay

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Decreasing the drying time of cut forage, and increasing the chances of getting the hay baled before inclement weather arrives with chemicals. More
Grazing Winter Small Grains
Grazing Winter Small Grains - Articles Articles

Grazing Winter Small Grains

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Grazing winter small grains can be an easy and profitable way to start grazing early in the season, but requires proper management of the crop and livestock. More
Glass of water
The Water We Drink - Articles Articles

The Water We Drink

Jennifer R Fetter, James Andrew Clark

Written for youth in grades 6-12, this tool introduces public and private water systems and includes an activity on how to read a water quality test report. More
Warm-Season Grasses for Pheasants
Warm-Season Grasses for Pheasants - Articles Articles

Warm-Season Grasses for Pheasants

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Warm-season grasses such as big bluestem and switchgrass can provide forage for animals throughout the summer months when cool-season grasses become less productive. More
Where to Send Samples for Analysis
Where to Send Samples for Analysis - Articles Articles
Once you have gone to the effort of correctly collecting a sample, how can you be sure that the results you receive from the testing laboratory are accurate? More
Why Test Forage Quality?
Why Test Forage Quality? - Articles Articles

Why Test Forage Quality?

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Greater net profit is the bottom line for why livestock producers need to know the quality of the forages they are feeding! More
Pasture and Hay for Horses
Pasture and Hay for Horses - Articles Articles

Pasture and Hay for Horses

Marvin Hall, Ph.D., Pat M. Comerford

To minimize feed costs, it is important to keep horses healthy and feed them a balanced ration that meets their nutritional needs. More
Timothy
Timothy - Articles Articles

Timothy

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Timothy (Phleum pratense L.) is a perennial, bunch-type, shallow-rooted, cool-season grass that is well adapted to the Northeast and Upper Midwest. More
Orchardgrass
Orchardgrass - Articles Articles

Orchardgrass

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) is a perennial, cool-season, tall-growing, grass which does not have rhizomes or stolons (bunch-type grass). More
Grazing Alfalfa in Pennsylvania
Grazing Alfalfa in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles

Grazing Alfalfa in Pennsylvania

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Grazing alfalfa is not a new practice. Alfalfa has been grazed alone or in mixtures with grasses and other legumes since its introduction into the United States. More
Four Steps to Rotational Grazing
Four Steps to Rotational Grazing - Articles Articles

Four Steps to Rotational Grazing

J. Craig Williams, Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

A well-managed pasture program can be the most economical way to provide forage to ruminant animals. More
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