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In determining whether to make hay, know how much you can harvest and at what point you’re considering mowing.
Challenges and Considerations for Fall Hay Harvest - Articles Articles

Challenges and Considerations for Fall Hay Harvest

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D., Paul D. Esker, Adriana Murillo-Williams

Successful management of forage stands in the fall hinges on properly evaluating stands and giving plants enough leaf area to survive the winter. More
Diplodia ear rot. Photo Credit: Alyssa Collins
Corn Ear Rots and Mycotoxins - Articles Articles

Corn Ear Rots and Mycotoxins

Adriana Murillo-Williams, Alyssa Collins, Ph.D., Paul D. Esker

There are many pathogens that cause ear rots. Identify which ones are associated with mycotoxin contamination! More
Figure 1. Wheat seed and young seedlings affected by Fusarium graminearum (white arrows). (Photo credit: Brandon Wilt, PSU-PPEM.)
Wheat and Barley Diseases: What is in Your Seed? - Articles Articles

Wheat and Barley Diseases: What is in Your Seed?

Adriana Murillo-Williams, Alyssa Collins, Ph.D., Paul D. Esker

Seeds can serve as the vehicle for unwanted plant pathogens and weeds. Avoid the risks! More
A soybean plant with Sudden Death Syndrome
Soybean Sudden Death and Brown Stem Rot: How to Tell the Difference - Articles Articles

Soybean Sudden Death and Brown Stem Rot: How to Tell the Difference

Alyssa Collins, Ph.D., Adriana Murillo-Williams

These two nasty soybean diseases can be hard to tell apart. Learn what to look for so you can know your enemy. More
Mid-ear cutworm injury resulting in subsequent ear mold infection by several pathogens. Image credit: G. Roth
Avoiding Mycotoxins in Grain Corn and Silage - Articles Articles

Avoiding Mycotoxins in Grain Corn and Silage

Alyssa Collins, Ph.D., Paul D. Esker, Adriana Murillo-Williams

Toxins caused by fungi are a real concern in grain corn and silage. Is there anything we can do about it? More
Figure 1. Soybean cyst nematodes females (yellow arrows) and nodules (white arrows) on soybean roots. Photo credit: Penn State Department of Plant Pathology & Environmental Microbiology Archives, Penn State University, Bugwood.org
Plant Parasitic Nematodes Explained - Articles Articles

Plant Parasitic Nematodes Explained

Adriana Murillo-Williams, Alyssa Collins, Ph.D., Paul D. Esker

Have you noticed a decline in yield without a clear explanation? It could be due to plant parasitic nematodes. More
Figure 1. Soybean field showing variable growth and development at the R1-R2 (flowering) growth stage Photo Credit: P. Esker.
Soybean Stem Diseases: What are the Different Symptoms and Signs? - Articles Articles

Soybean Stem Diseases: What are the Different Symptoms and Signs?

Alyssa Collins, Ph.D., Paul D. Esker, Adriana Murillo-Williams

Soybean growth and development has been variable this year – what might we expect to find as the season progresses? More
Bin-run seed lacks the quality of certified seed. Photo credit: Alyssa Collins
Bin-run Seed: Associated Risks for Soybean Production - Articles Articles

Bin-run Seed: Associated Risks for Soybean Production

Adriana Murillo-Williams, Alyssa Collins, Ph.D., Paul D. Esker

Before you try to save money by planting farm-saved seed, know the hidden costs! More
Triploid grass carp are one potential management strategy for aquatic plants in your pond
Using Grass Carp to Control Aquatic Plants - Articles Articles

Using Grass Carp to Control Aquatic Plants

Bryan Swistock, Jennifer R Fetter, Amy Galford, James Andrew Clark

This information explains how to use grass carp for biological aquatic vegetation control. More
Common Water Test Parameters Related to Natural Gas Drilling
Common Water Test Parameters Related to Natural Gas Drilling - Articles Articles
Water test reports of water near gas drilling activity generally have these common parameters. More
A small roadside spring located along a state forest road in northcentral Pennsylvania.
Roadside Springs - Articles Articles

Roadside Springs

Bryan Swistock, Susan Boser, Mark Madden, Diane Oleson, M.S., Amy Galford, Gary William Micsky, James Andrew Clark

This article discusses a research study on the water quality and use of numerous roadside springs across Pennsylvania. More
Common Drinking Water Problems and Solutions
Common Drinking Water Problems and Solutions - Articles Articles

Common Drinking Water Problems and Solutions

Bryan Swistock, James Andrew Clark

A listing of symptoms in water (color, smell, taste), the common causes, and possible solutions to common drinking water problems. More
Glass of water
The Water We Drink - Articles Articles

The Water We Drink

Jennifer R Fetter, James Andrew Clark

Written for youth in grades 6-12, this tool introduces public and private water systems and includes an activity on how to read a water quality test report. More