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Penn State Dairy Cattle Nutrition Workshop
Penn State Dairy Cattle Nutrition Workshop - Articles Articles

Penn State Dairy Cattle Nutrition Workshop

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Annual event provides continuing education for feed industry professionals. More
Growth Charts for Dairy Heifers
Growth Charts for Dairy Heifers - Articles Articles

Growth Charts for Dairy Heifers

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Comparing to a breed standard can indicate if heifer growth is progressing normally. More
Figure 1. Conversion of glucose to acetate. Source: "Digestion: The Fermentative Processes"
Ionophores: A Technology to Improve Cattle Efficiency - Articles Articles
This article explains how the use of ionophores--antibiotics that shift ruminal fermentation patterns--can improve cattle production efficiency. More
Photo credit: Ginger Fenton
FSMA and VFD: How Is My Dairy Farm Affected? - Articles Articles

FSMA and VFD: How Is My Dairy Farm Affected?

Ginger D Fenton, PhD, Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

Enacted to further improve the safety of our food supply, these laws will impact most farms. More
Feed Me the Scoop on Veterinary Feed Directive
Feed Me the Scoop on Veterinary Feed Directive - Articles Articles

Feed Me the Scoop on Veterinary Feed Directive

Capri Stiles-Mikesell, Greg Strait

Description of in-feed medications and how they fit into the Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) rules that took effect January 1, 2017. More
Conduite des Genisses Laiteres
Conduite des Genisses Laiteres - Articles Articles

Conduite des Genisses Laiteres

Jud Heinrichs, Bruno Martin

L’amélioration du troupeau laitier est possible lorsque les vaches de réforme sont remplacées par des génisses de deux ans bien alimentées, saines, génétiquement supérieures et bien conduites. More
Growth Monitor: Compare Heifers to Breed Standards
Growth Monitor: Compare Heifers to Breed Standards - Articles Articles

Growth Monitor: Compare Heifers to Breed Standards

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Spreadsheet tools for tracking dairy heifer growth in comparison to breed standards. More
Using the Body Condition Scoring Excel Spreadsheet Series
Using the Body Condition Scoring Excel Spreadsheet Series - Articles Articles
Instructions for the Body Condition Scoring spreadsheet series, used to evaluate body condition in cows and heifers. Spreadsheet series is designed for a scale of 1 to 5. More
Nutrition may help prevent mastitis
Nutrition, Immunity and Mastitis - Articles Articles

Nutrition, Immunity and Mastitis

Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

The role of nutrition in mastitis prevention is reviewed relative to its impact on immune response of dairy cows More
Heifer Nutrition Modifications to Reduce Manure Production
Heifer Nutrition Modifications to Reduce Manure Production - Articles Articles

Heifer Nutrition Modifications to Reduce Manure Production

Jud Heinrichs, G. I. Zanton, G. J. Lascano

Replacing forage dry matter with concentrates offers potential to improve the efficiency of heifer feeding, while maintaining similar rates of gain and reducing excretion of manure and nutrients. More
Trends in Age at Calving of Heifers in Pennsylvania
Trends in Age at Calving of Heifers in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles

Trends in Age at Calving of Heifers in Pennsylvania

Jud Heinrichs, Coleen M. Jones

Age at first calving impacts the total costs of raising heifers. This article examines DHI data on age at first calving in Pennsylvania Holsteins. More
Precision Feeding Dairy Heifers: Strategies and Recommendations
Precision Feeding Dairy Heifers: Strategies and Recommendations - Articles Articles
Provided feed intake is restricted to allow for an optimal average daily gain, high concentrate, precision-fed rations can be fed to dairy heifers successfully. More
Feeding During Shortages of Home-Grown Feeds
Feeding During Shortages of Home-Grown Feeds - Articles Articles

Feeding During Shortages of Home-Grown Feeds

Jud Heinrichs, Virginia A. Ishler

Filling a forage gap may require reducing forage intakes or purchasing additional feeds. Economics and nutritional value of potential feeds should be considered when developing a plan. More
Use of Commodity Ingredients for Dairy Cattle
Use of Commodity Ingredients for Dairy Cattle - Articles Articles

Use of Commodity Ingredients for Dairy Cattle

Virginia A. Ishler, John Tyson, Peter Tozer

Explore ingredient storage, nutrient composition and variability, and considerations for managing a commodity-based feeding system. More
Photo credit: Mat Haan
Pasturing Dry Cows and Heifers - Articles Articles
Pasture can be a cost-effective feed for dry cows and heifers, but must be managed to ensure animals meet performance goals. More
Recommendations for Calf and Heifer Housing Dimensions for Jerseys
Recommendations for Calf and Heifer Housing Dimensions for Jerseys - Articles Articles

Recommendations for Calf and Heifer Housing Dimensions for Jerseys

John Tyson, Dan McFarland, Robert Graves, Ph.D., P.E.

Summary of design suggestions for planning calf and heifer housing systems for Jersey cattle; a starting point for the design process. More
Photo credit: Amber Yutzy
Recommendations for Calf and Heifer Housing Dimensions for Holsteins - Articles Articles

Recommendations for Calf and Heifer Housing Dimensions for Holsteins

John Tyson, Dan McFarland, Robert Graves, Ph.D., P.E.

Summary of design suggestions for planning calf and heifer housing systems for Holstein dairy cattle; a starting point for the design process. More
Free Choice Feeding of Phosphorus Containing Minerals
Free Choice Feeding of Phosphorus Containing Minerals - Articles Articles
Environmental concerns have forced the animal industry to re-evaluate phosphorus levels formulated in diets to avoid excess intake and excretion. More
Heifer Economics
Heifer Economics - Articles Articles

Heifer Economics

Jud Heinrichs, Peter Tozer, Matthew Gabler, Trent Schriefer

Heifers are an important investment in the future of successful dairy operations. More
Dairy Heifer Contracting Fundamentals
Dairy Heifer Contracting Fundamentals - Articles Articles

Dairy Heifer Contracting Fundamentals

Sarah Cornelisse, Jud Heinrichs, Coleen M. Jones

Understanding the importance and components of a written contract is essential for custom heifer growers and for dairy producers using these services. More
Photo credit: Cassie Yost
Feed Efficiency in Dairy Heifers - Articles Articles

Feed Efficiency in Dairy Heifers

Jud Heinrichs, Coleen M. Jones, Xavier Suarez

Discussion of ways to improve feed efficiency in dairy heifers. More
Photo credit: Jill Kopfer
Monitoring Dairy Heifer Growth - Articles Articles

Monitoring Dairy Heifer Growth

Jud Heinrichs, Coleen M. Jones

Success of a heifer-rearing program can be evaluated by monitoring height and weight of heifers and comparing the results against the herd's growth goals. More
Don't Skimp on Health Costs
Don't Skimp on Health Costs - Articles Articles

Don't Skimp on Health Costs

Virginia A. Ishler

Regardless of high or low profit margins the investment in health care for calves, heifers and cows should not waver. More
Non-lactating Animals Count Too
Non-lactating Animals Count Too - Articles Articles

Non-lactating Animals Count Too

Virginia A. Ishler

Dry cows and heifers take up on average 20 percent of the farm’s total feed costs (home raised and purchased). More
Análisis Económico Para Programas Eficientes de Reemplazo de Vaquillas
Análisis Económico Para Programas Eficientes de Reemplazo de Vaquillas - Articles Articles
El entendimiento de los costos involucrados en la cría de vaquillas debe ser una cuestión importante para los productores en la industria lechera. More
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