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Modern poultry barns often have two, and sometimes three, sets of fresh air ventilation inlets that are specialized for conditions ranging from cold, to mild and hot weather. [image source: Eileen Fabian]
Key Aspects of Inlets for Mechanical Ventilation of Poultry Housing - Articles Articles

Key Aspects of Inlets for Mechanical Ventilation of Poultry Housing

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D., Gino Lorenzoni

Inlets are perhaps the most important part of the ventilation system for maintaining uniformly comfortable and healthy conditions around the poultry house. More
Paddock with Run-in shed
Horse Farm Design: An Agricultural Engineering Approach - Articles Articles

Horse Farm Design: An Agricultural Engineering Approach

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

Research-based information for the planning and construction of well-designed equestrian facilities. More
Hand-held instruments are used to document conditions and performance of environment in animal facilities [source: E. Fabian]
Evaluating Air Quality in Livestock Housing Environments - Articles Articles
This publication focuses on important aspects of evaluating and troubleshooting farm animal housing environment and ventilation system performance. More
Resources for Ventilation of Livestock Housing
Resources for Ventilation of Livestock Housing - Articles Articles

Resources for Ventilation of Livestock Housing

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

Information on Ventilation systems available at Penn State More
Red Holstein dairy cow
Animal Welfare Objectives for Dairy Facility Design - Articles Articles

Animal Welfare Objectives for Dairy Facility Design

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

This article provides a simplified context for animal welfare in relation to engineering design features of dairy housing. More
Use Personal Gas Monitors to Avoid Exposure to Toxic Hydrogen Sulfide
Use Personal Gas Monitors to Avoid Exposure to Toxic Hydrogen Sulfide - Articles Articles

Use Personal Gas Monitors to Avoid Exposure to Toxic Hydrogen Sulfide

Dan Hofstetter, Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D., Michael Pate, Ph.D.

Gas monitoring is always recommended when working around toxic gases such as hydrogen sulfide. Fortunately, affordable portable personal gas monitors are available for on-farm use. More
Safety Risk from Manure Storages of Dairy Cows Bedded with Gypsum
Safety Risk from Manure Storages of Dairy Cows Bedded with Gypsum - Articles Articles

Safety Risk from Manure Storages of Dairy Cows Bedded with Gypsum

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D., Michael Hile, Dan Hofstetter

Findings from on-farm monitoring of dairies using gypsum as stall bedding show a link has been found to highly toxic levels of hydrogen sulfide gas during manure movement and agitation. More
Manure Additive Shows Swine Odor Reduction
Manure Additive Shows Swine Odor Reduction - Articles Articles

Manure Additive Shows Swine Odor Reduction

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

The control of manure odors is an issue of such complexity that it requires a combination of control strategies. More
Psychrometric Chart Use
Psychrometric Chart Use - Articles Articles

Psychrometric Chart Use

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

A psychrometric chart presents properties of air in a graphical format useful for troubleshooting greenhouse or livestock building environmental problems. More
Examples of pull tube with pump for gas concentration detection.
Ammonia Monitoring in Barns Using Simple Instruments - Articles Articles

Ammonia Monitoring in Barns Using Simple Instruments

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

This article describes simple relatively-inexpensive instruments for detecting ammonia gas concentration in animal housing to assure proper air quality. More
Although an instrument that provides velocity reading, shown here, is highly useful, a simple small streamer can also help troubleshoot.
Make Your Own Ceiling Inlet Air Speed Monitors - Articles Articles

Make Your Own Ceiling Inlet Air Speed Monitors

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

Ventilation inlet air speed monitors described here are a cheap and easy way to assess proper ventilation in livestock buildings. More
Ventilation Improvements for Veal Calf Housing
Ventilation Improvements for Veal Calf Housing - Articles Articles

Ventilation Improvements for Veal Calf Housing

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

This article explains how adding a second and third large baffle inlet assembly to a 50-calf room can provide hot weather ventilation. More
Self-Adjusting Baffle Inlet to Improve Air Distribution
Self-Adjusting Baffle Inlet to Improve Air Distribution - Articles Articles

Self-Adjusting Baffle Inlet to Improve Air Distribution

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D., Dan McFarland

This article explains how to improve ventilation in animal buildings through a self-adjusting baffle inlet. More
Ventilating Greenhouse Livestock Barns
Ventilating Greenhouse Livestock Barns - Articles Articles

Ventilating Greenhouse Livestock Barns

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

Effective natural ventilation of a greenhouse barn uses properly positioned openings with unobstructed air flow inside the building. More
Selecting Rated Ventilation Fans
Selecting Rated Ventilation Fans - Articles Articles

Selecting Rated Ventilation Fans

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

This article explains how to select an agricultural ventilation fan for the conditions under which it will be operating in a livestock or greenhouse setting. More
Organic poultry house with sidewall eave and ceiling inlets.
Inlets for Mechanical Ventilation Systems in Animal Housing - Articles Articles
Properly designed and functioning ventilation inlet openings are key for achieving comfortable, fresh air conditions in farm animal housing. More
Getting the manure out of a stall is only the beginning of manure management.
Horse Stable Manure Management - Articles Articles

Horse Stable Manure Management

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

A complete manure management system involves collection, storage (temporary or long term), and disposal or utilization. More
Fence Planning for Horses
Fence Planning for Horses - Articles Articles

Fence Planning for Horses

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

Horse fence can be one of the most attractive features of a horse facility. But not all fence is suitable for horses. More
Bright airy stables feature open interiors with fresh air openings for each stall.
Horse Stable Ventilation - Articles Articles

Horse Stable Ventilation

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

Inadequate ventilation is the most common mistake made in modern horse facilities. The objective of ventilation is to get fresh air to the horse. More
In barn fires, the old adage "an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure" could not be more true.
Fire Safety in Horse Stables - Articles Articles

Fire Safety in Horse Stables

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

Fire damage to horse stables can be minimized or prevented through building techniques, fire detection, and management practices. More
Horse Stable Flooring Materials and Drainage
Horse Stable Flooring Materials and Drainage - Articles Articles

Horse Stable Flooring Materials and Drainage

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

Choose suitable floors for a horse facility to maintain fitness of a horse's legs and feet. More
Riding Arena Footing Material Selection and Management
Riding Arena Footing Material Selection and Management - Articles Articles

Riding Arena Footing Material Selection and Management

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

A "perfect" riding surface should be cushioned, provide traction, not too slick or dusty, not overly abrasive to horse hooves, inexpensive and easy to maintain. More
Horse Stall Design
Horse Stall Design - Articles Articles

Horse Stall Design

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

The stall is the basic functional unit of a horse stable or shelter by providing a suitable environment for the horse and handler. More
Manure Storage Design and Safety Considerations with Gypsum Bedding
Manure Storage Design and Safety Considerations with Gypsum Bedding - Articles Articles
Surprise! Open-air, outdoor manure storages pose dangers even with all that fresh air around. More
Temperature and Humidity in Indoor Riding Arenas during Cold Weather
Temperature and Humidity in Indoor Riding Arenas during Cold Weather - Articles Articles
Improved rider, instructor, and horse comfort and health may be improved with fresh air entry and distribution within the arena. More
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