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Yogurt Dairy Refrigerator-2722678 by Albany Colley. Pixabay.com. CC0
Dairy Outlook: October 2018 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: October 2018

Robert C. Goodling, Jr., David L. Swartz, Claudia Schmidt, Ph.D., Timothy Beck, Virginia A. Ishler

Current dairy markets are hinting at potential gradual increase in milk price into 2019. Global trade volatility continues to hinder widespread optimism. More
milk-spilt-white-glass-spill-1543193 by ponce_photography. Pixabay.com CC0
Dairy Outlook: September 2018 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: September 2018

Robert C. Goodling, Jr., David L. Swartz, Claudia Schmidt, Ph.D., Virginia A. Ishler, Timothy Beck

Milk prices remain on the low side of a four-year modest price range. Monitoring a producer's individual price regularly is vital to see trends and potential opportunities at the farm level. More
Hand-held instruments are used to document conditions and performance of environment in animal facilities [source: E. Fabian]
Evaluating Air Quality in Livestock Housing Environments - Articles Articles
This publication focuses on important aspects of evaluating and troubleshooting farm animal housing environment and ventilation system performance. More
Paddock with Run-in shed
Horse Farm Design: An Agricultural Engineering Approach - Articles Articles

Horse Farm Design: An Agricultural Engineering Approach

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

Research-based information for the planning and construction of well-designed equestrian facilities. More
Resources for Ventilation of Livestock Housing
Resources for Ventilation of Livestock Housing - Articles Articles

Resources for Ventilation of Livestock Housing

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

Information on Ventilation systems available at Penn State More
Telephone-telegraph-pole-wire-1822040 by aitoff. Pixabay.com. cc0
Dairy Outlook: June 2018 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: June 2018

David L. Swartz, Robert C. Goodling, Jr., Timothy Beck, Virginia A. Ishler

Milk price continued slow climb, but milk margins remain tight. Current tumultuous environment in global trade may limit long term progress. More
Red Holstein dairy cow
Animal Welfare Objectives for Dairy Facility Design - Articles Articles

Animal Welfare Objectives for Dairy Facility Design

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

This article provides a simplified context for animal welfare in relation to engineering design features of dairy housing. More
David Swartz, Penn State
Dairy Outlook: May 2018 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: May 2018

David L. Swartz, Robert C. Goodling, Jr., Timothy Beck, Virginia A. Ishler

Long term survival of a dairy operation will hinge on management’s ability to find ways to push the cost of production below $17.50/cwt while maintaining some level of reinvestment in the operation. More
Use Personal Gas Monitors to Avoid Exposure to Toxic Hydrogen Sulfide
Use Personal Gas Monitors to Avoid Exposure to Toxic Hydrogen Sulfide - Articles Articles

Use Personal Gas Monitors to Avoid Exposure to Toxic Hydrogen Sulfide

Dan Hofstetter, Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D., Michael Pate, Ph.D.

Gas monitoring is always recommended when working around toxic gases such as hydrogen sulfide. Fortunately, affordable portable personal gas monitors are available for on-farm use. More
"duck-2166056" alexas_fotos, pixabay.com CC0
Dairy Outlook: April 2018 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: April 2018

Robert C. Goodling, Jr., David L. Swartz, Timothy Beck, Virginia A. Ishler

Pennsylvania dairy cash flows continue to be upside down as income over feed cost and milk margins shrink and are below breakeven levels. More
Credit Squeeze by Stevepb on pixabay.com cc0
Dairy Outlook: March 2018 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: March 2018

David L. Swartz, Robert C. Goodling, Jr., Virginia A. Ishler, Timothy Beck

With cow numbers steady, increasing domestic milk production, robust inventory of dairy products, and other factors, there are no market signals to indicate strength for future milk prices. More
Roller Coaster by dlohner on pixabay.com cc0
Dairy Outlook: February 2018 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: February 2018

David L. Swartz, Robert C. Goodling, Jr., Timothy Beck, Virginia A. Ishler

All milk price for December 2017 showed the anticipated drop from the previous month. Feed price were steady, created a slightly smaller Income over Feed Cost opportunity. More
Safety Risk from Manure Storages of Dairy Cows Bedded with Gypsum
Safety Risk from Manure Storages of Dairy Cows Bedded with Gypsum - Articles Articles

Safety Risk from Manure Storages of Dairy Cows Bedded with Gypsum

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D., Michael Hile, Dan Hofstetter

Findings from on-farm monitoring of dairies using gypsum as stall bedding show a link has been found to highly toxic levels of hydrogen sulfide gas during manure movement and agitation. More
"Glass-milk-white-cows-milk" by Pezibear on pixabay.com CC0
Dairy Outlook: January 2018 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: January 2018

David L. Swartz, Robert C. Goodling, Jr., Virginia A. Ishler, Timothy Beck

Current predicted Class III price for the first 11 months of 2018 is averaging $14.57/cwt. To face the year with optimism is to be sure dairy producers really understand their cost of production. More
R. Goodling Penn State
Dairy Outlook: December 2017 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: December 2017

David L. Swartz, Robert C. Goodling, Jr., Timothy Beck, Virginia A. Ishler

The milk price forecast for 2018 is starting to solidify, and good news is hard to find. U.S. milk production growth has slowed, but global supply is still hampering future price increases. More
"Open road stormy sky" Desertrose7, pixabay.com CC0
Dairy Outlook: November 2017 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: November 2017

David L. Swartz, Robert C. Goodling, Jr., Timothy Beck, Virginia A. Ishler

Markets continue to move sideways with little prospect for forecast price improvement. None of the factors that are well known give much optimism for price improvement More
Manure Additive Shows Swine Odor Reduction
Manure Additive Shows Swine Odor Reduction - Articles Articles

Manure Additive Shows Swine Odor Reduction

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

The control of manure odors is an issue of such complexity that it requires a combination of control strategies. More
Robert Goodling, Penn State
Dairy Outlook: October 2017 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: October 2017

David L. Swartz, Robert C. Goodling, Jr., Timothy Beck, Virginia A. Ishler

October dairy outlook: little potential for increases in milk price; feed prices trending downward; harvests provide breathing room to milk margin/IOFC for Pennsylvania producers. More
Psychrometric Chart Use
Psychrometric Chart Use - Articles Articles

Psychrometric Chart Use

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

A psychrometric chart presents properties of air in a graphical format useful for troubleshooting greenhouse or livestock building environmental problems. More
Examples of pull tube with pump for gas concentration detection.
Ammonia Monitoring in Barns Using Simple Instruments - Articles Articles

Ammonia Monitoring in Barns Using Simple Instruments

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

This article describes simple relatively-inexpensive instruments for detecting ammonia gas concentration in animal housing to assure proper air quality. More
Although an instrument that provides velocity reading, shown here, is highly useful, a simple small streamer can also help troubleshoot.
Make Your Own Ceiling Inlet Air Speed Monitors - Articles Articles

Make Your Own Ceiling Inlet Air Speed Monitors

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

Ventilation inlet air speed monitors described here are a cheap and easy way to assess proper ventilation in livestock buildings. More
Ventilation Improvements for Veal Calf Housing
Ventilation Improvements for Veal Calf Housing - Articles Articles

Ventilation Improvements for Veal Calf Housing

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

This article explains how adding a second and third large baffle inlet assembly to a 50-calf room can provide hot weather ventilation. More
Self-Adjusting Baffle Inlet to Improve Air Distribution
Self-Adjusting Baffle Inlet to Improve Air Distribution - Articles Articles

Self-Adjusting Baffle Inlet to Improve Air Distribution

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D., Dan McFarland

This article explains how to improve ventilation in animal buildings through a self-adjusting baffle inlet. More
Ventilating Greenhouse Livestock Barns
Ventilating Greenhouse Livestock Barns - Articles Articles

Ventilating Greenhouse Livestock Barns

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

Effective natural ventilation of a greenhouse barn uses properly positioned openings with unobstructed air flow inside the building. More
Selecting Rated Ventilation Fans
Selecting Rated Ventilation Fans - Articles Articles

Selecting Rated Ventilation Fans

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

This article explains how to select an agricultural ventilation fan for the conditions under which it will be operating in a livestock or greenhouse setting. More
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