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Meal Bowls can be made with a variety of ingredients Photo Source: USDA
Make a Healthy Meal Bowl - Articles Articles

Make a Healthy Meal Bowl

Mandel Smith, MS

Meal bowls, power bowls, grain bowls are descriptions of a complete meal in a bowl. This easy meal option is becoming popular. Learn to make a healthy version at home with foods on hand. More
Sources: snaped.fns.usda.gov
Snacks can Provide Healthy Nutritional Benefits - Articles Articles
Snacks are often viewed negatively because they can provide extra calories to a diet. However, when planned correctly, snacks can have positive nutritional benefits. More
Courtesy of USDA: Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0)
Make-it-Yourself Pizza - Articles Articles

Make-it-Yourself Pizza

Mandel Smith, MS

What can beat having a pizza delivered right to your door in minutes? How about having a hot, healthy, delicious, pizza right from your oven in even less time. More
Spotted lanternfly on apple in Berks County, PA in October 2017. Photo: Erica Smyers, Penn State
Spotted Lanternfly on Grapes and Tree Fruit - Articles Articles

Spotted Lanternfly on Grapes and Tree Fruit

Julie Urban, Dave Biddinger, Ph.D., Ed Rajotte, Ph.D.

Biology, management and slowing the spread of the spotted lanternfly on grapes and tree fruit in the Mid-Atlantic Region. More
Eggplant
Eggplant - Videos Videos

Eggplant

Kathy DiGuiseppe, Mary Reistetter Ehret, M.S.,R.D.,L.D.N., Elise Gurgevich, PhD, MPH, CHES, Mandel Smith, MS, Suzanne Weltman, Debra Boyd

4:14

Eggplants are available year round; low in calories and high in fiber. Watch this video to learn how to select, store and prepare Mediterranean eggplant. More
Pumpkin
Pumpkin - Videos Videos

Pumpkin

Kathy DiGuiseppe, Mary Reistetter Ehret, M.S.,R.D.,L.D.N., Elise Gurgevich, PhD, MPH, CHES, Mandel Smith, MS, Suzanne Weltman, Debra Boyd

4:04

Pumpkin is more than a fall decoration. In this video we learn how to select, store pumpkin and cook a fresh pie pumpkin and make a pumpkin smoothie. More
Kale
Kale - Videos Videos

Kale

Kathy DiGuiseppe, Mary Reistetter Ehret, M.S.,R.D.,L.D.N., Elise Gurgevich, PhD, MPH, CHES, Mandel Smith, MS, Suzanne Weltman, Debra Boyd

4:29

Watch this video to learn why kale is a superfood and how to include it in your diet. Also learn how to buy, store and prepare different varieties of kale. More
Brussel Sprouts
Brussel Sprouts - Videos Videos

Brussel Sprouts

Kathy DiGuiseppe, Mary Reistetter Ehret, M.S.,R.D.,L.D.N., Elise Gurgevich, PhD, MPH, CHES, Mandel Smith, MS, Suzanne Weltman, Debra Boyd

4:01

What vegetable is named for the capital of Belgium? If you guess Brussels sprouts, you are correct. Watch this video to learn how to make roasted Brussels sprouts that really taste good. More
Red Beets
Red Beets - Videos Videos

Red Beets

Kathy DiGuiseppe, Mary Reistetter Ehret, M.S.,R.D.,L.D.N., Elise Gurgevich, PhD, MPH, CHES, Mandel Smith, MS, Suzanne Weltman, Debra Boyd

4:54

Fresh or canned, red beets are versatile and can be enjoyed a variety of ways. This video will show how to select, store and prepare fresh beets. More
Parsnips
Parsnips - Videos Videos

Parsnips

Kathy DiGuiseppe, Mary Reistetter Ehret, M.S.,R.D.,L.D.N., Elise Gurgevich, PhD, MPH, CHES, Mandel Smith, MS, Suzanne Weltman, Debra Boyd

3:21

Parsnips are a root vegetable that is rich in nutrients. Watch this video to learn how to make easy parsnips fries. More
Broccoli
Broccoli - Videos Videos

Broccoli

Kathy DiGuiseppe, Mary Reistetter Ehret, M.S.,R.D.,L.D.N., Elise Gurgevich, PhD, MPH, CHES, Mandel Smith, MS, Suzanne Weltman, Debra Boyd

3:32

This video will show you how to select and store fresh broccoli. Learn how to prepare a tasty broccoli and cauliflower recipe with a touch of lemon. More
Pitch mass, a symptom of Zimmerman pine moth, located at the junction of a lateral branch and main stem. Courtesy of Whitney Cranshaw, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org (#1325082)
Zimmerman Pine Moth - Articles Articles

Zimmerman Pine Moth

Ed Rajotte, Ph.D.

Field identification is usually through the presence of a popcornlike pitch mass on the main trunk. Damage includes reddish, sawdustlike frass at bore holes. More
Typical “shepherd’s crook” symptomatic of white pine weevil infestation. Courtesy of PDA
White Pine Weevils - Articles Articles

White Pine Weevils

Ed Rajotte, Ph.D.

White pine weevil adults have long snouts and elbowed antenna with terminal knobs. Damage includes a typical "shepherd's crook" wilt. More
Damage from deer to a Scots pine. Courtesy of Jan Liska, Forestry and Game Management Research Institute, Bugwood.org (#2113036)
Vertebrate Pests of Christmas Trees - Articles Articles
Birds tend not to be a big problem associated with Christmas tree production, but damage occasionally occurs to the tops, particularly of taller trees. More
Elliptical cankers covered with yellow blisters that release infectious spores to be carried away by the wind. Courtesy of Tracey Olson, PDA
White Pine Blister Rust - Articles Articles

White Pine Blister Rust

Ed Rajotte, Ph.D.

A small, yellow or red spot appears on the needle at the site of infection and the needle may die as the fungus grows into the bark. Damage shows up as dead or dying branches. More
White grub damage to seedlings. Courtesy of Jim Stimmel, PDA
White Grubs (May, June and Japanese Beetles) - Articles Articles
Larvae of white grubs feed on roots of conifer seedlings and transplants. Damage includes seedling discoloration (reddish brown) in late summer to early fall. More
Swiss Needle Cast
Swiss Needle Cast - Articles Articles

Swiss Needle Cast

Ed Rajotte, Ph.D.

Symptoms are present on Douglas fir needles within 3 years of infection. The fruiting bodies can be seen with a hand lens. Damage includes dieback of needle tips resembling drought damage. More
Severe scale crawler infestation on Scotch pine, along with a heavy amount of sooty mold (black coating on stem and needles). Courtesy of Brian Schildt, PDA
Striped Pine Scale - Articles Articles

Striped Pine Scale

Ed Rajotte, Ph.D.

The coverings of adult female scales resemble miniature helmets. They are reddish brown and may have cream or white stripes. Damage may show as black sooty mold. More
Spruce spider mite feeding damage. Courtesy of Eric R. Day, Virginia Tech, Bugwood.org (#0717020)
Spruce Spider Mites - Articles Articles

Spruce Spider Mites

Ed Rajotte, Ph.D.

Spruce spider mites can develop from an egg to an adult in 2–3 weeks under normal conditions. Damage includes small, irregularly shaped yellow spots (“stippling”) on needles. More
Yellow bands containing faint orange fruiting bodies distinctive of spruce needle rust. Courtesy of Tracey Olson, PDA
Spruce Needle Rust - Articles Articles

Spruce Needle Rust

Ed Rajotte, Ph.D.

Infected trees may appear disfigured and have extensive needle discoloration, reduced growth, and premature needle drop. Damage will show as pale yellow bands that go completely around the needle. More
Rhizosphaera-infected foliage on inner branches and lower parts of the tree. Courtesy of USDA Forest Service North Central Research Station Archive, Bugwood.org (#1406191)
Rhizosphaera Needle Cast - Articles Articles

Rhizosphaera Needle Cast

Ed Rajotte, Ph.D.

Young trees sustain the most severe damage from rhizosphaera needle cast, but trees of any size can be affected. Damage causes discoloration of needles. More
Foliage with Rhabdocline needle cast infection. Courtesy of Tracey Olson, PDA
Rhabdocline Needle Cast - Articles Articles

Rhabdocline Needle Cast

Ed Rajotte, Ph.D.

This infection occurs around bud break, when buds are opening to expose susceptible immature needles. Damage shows up as yellow spots or flecks that enlarge with time. More
Girdling lesions banding the needle. Courtesy of Tracey Olson, PDA
Red-Band (Dothistroma) Needle Blight - Articles Articles
Red-band needle blight occurs throughout the growing season during wet periods. Initial symptoms include dark green bands on the needles, quickly replaced with brown or reddish-brown lesions. More
Symptoms of needles infected with Ploioderma needle cast. Courtesy of Tracey Olson, PDA
Ploioderma Needle Cast - Articles Articles

Ploioderma Needle Cast

Ed Rajotte, Ph.D.

Although Ploioderma needle cast occurs in spring, symptoms are not apparent until winter when yellow spots and bands appear, giving the needles a mottled appearance. More
Dead tree with reddish-brown needles still attached. Courtesy of A. Steven Munson, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org (#1470133)
Pine Wilt Disease - Articles Articles

Pine Wilt Disease

Ed Rajotte, Ph.D.

Pinewood nematodes spread from infected to healthy pines in the spring through contaminated pine sawyer beetles. Needles turn yellow then reddish brown. More
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