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Overgrazing pastures compromises pasture production and exposes the soil to erosion
Avoid Overgrazing Your Pastures - Articles Articles

Avoid Overgrazing Your Pastures

Justin Brackenrich, Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

The summer is upon us and cool season grasses are slowing down their growth. This is the time to pay attention so you don’t overgraze those pastures. More
Soil erosion is still taking its toll in Pennsylvania but can be addressed by using proper management
Eliminating Soil Erosion - Articles Articles

Eliminating Soil Erosion

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Soil erosion is still our number one sustainability issue. With the excessive rainfall we’ve had many fields are showing the scars of rills and gullies. And yet … We have the tools – so let’s put them to work. More
Photo Credit: Sjoerd Duiker, Penn State Extension.
Managing Soil Compaction Caused by Small Grain Silage Harvest - Articles Articles
Small grain silage harvest can cause soil compaction when the soil is wet. This can have negative effects on the following corn crop. More
Hairy vetch, rye, annual ryegrass, and clover cover crop being grazed. Photo Credit: Sjoerd Duiker, Penn State University
Grazing Crop Residues and Cover Crops - Articles Articles

Grazing Crop Residues and Cover Crops

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Grazing has been largely excluded from our croplands but is receiving new interest as an additional profit center for farmers as well as a way to improve soil. More
Photo Credit: Sjoerd Duiker, Penn State Extension.
Repairing Erosion Damage and Protecting Your Fields - Articles Articles

Repairing Erosion Damage and Protecting Your Fields

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Reports have come in about concentrated flow leading to rills and gully formation over the winter. How can you repair that and avoid it from happening again? More
Photo Credit: Sjoerd Duiker, Penn State Extension.
Threat of ‘Incidental Transfer’ of Manure to Streams - Articles Articles
With soil profiles being fully recharged with water and future runoff, creates the threat of ‘incidental transfer’ of nutrients and dissolved organic carbon from surface applied manure to streams and sinkholes. More
Potential to Integrate Grazing into No-Till Systems
Potential to Integrate Grazing into No-Till Systems - Articles Articles

Potential to Integrate Grazing into No-Till Systems

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

This publication details rotating perennial pastures with annual crops, grazing cover crops, and grazing crop residue—all of which show promise to improve profit and soil health and increase diversity on crop farms. More
How quickly can you increase soil organic matter content?
Can I Increase Soil Organic Matter by 1% This Year? - Articles Articles

Can I Increase Soil Organic Matter by 1% This Year?

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Soil organic matter is a primary measure of soil health. It is important to monitor soil organic matter and try to increase it. But what is a realistic goal? More
Pennsylvania Farm-A-Syst: Worksheet 1: Water Well Condition and Construction
Pennsylvania Farm-A-Syst: Worksheet 1: Water Well Condition and Construction - Articles Articles
If wells are not properly constructed or maintained, groundwater may become contaminated, putting human and livestock health at risk. This publication helps farmers evaluate water protection. More
Pennsylvania Farm-A-Syst Worksheet 5: Milkhouse Waste Management
Pennsylvania Farm-A-Syst Worksheet 5: Milkhouse Waste Management - Articles Articles
This publication helps farmers evaluate groundwater and surface water protection related to milkhouse wastewater conditions and management practices. More
Soil compaction at grain harvest and while grazing
Soil compaction at grain harvest and while grazing - Articles Articles

Soil compaction at grain harvest and while grazing

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Try to avoid soil compaction if you still have corn and soybeans to harvest, or if you graze animals. More
Nutrient Management to Improve Nitrogen Efficiency and Reduce Environmental Loss
Nutrient Management to Improve Nitrogen Efficiency and Reduce Environmental Loss - Articles Articles
This article describes the three main pathways of nitrogen loss--nitrate leaching, denitrification, and volatilization--and summarizes requirements and provides nitrogen management guidance. More
Quick and Easy Worksheet for Assessing Traffic-Induced Soil Compaction Risk
Quick and Easy Worksheet for Assessing Traffic-Induced Soil Compaction Risk - Articles Articles
This worksheet gives you a simple, easy-to-use method for assessing the traffic-induced soil compaction risk posed by your field equipment. More
The ‘dweller’ dung beetle Sphaeridium scarabaeoides, a predator of fly larvae observed 4/21/17 in Tionesta, PA.
The Lowly Dung Beetle - Articles Articles

The Lowly Dung Beetle

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Learn about the important role these often forgotten insects play on your livestock farm. More
Soil Health in Field and Forage Crop Production
Soil Health in Field and Forage Crop Production - Articles Articles

Soil Health in Field and Forage Crop Production

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

This publication emphasizes the natural principles of the no-till system and discusses 14 management techniques for improving soil health. More
Watch for K Deficiency
Watch for K Deficiency - Articles Articles

Watch for K Deficiency

Douglas Beegle, Ph.D.

As the crops are growing, potassium deficiency is showing up in some fields. Symptoms occur on the edges of the lower leaves on most plants. More
Soil Crusting
Soil Crusting - Articles Articles

Soil Crusting

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Reports have come in of emergence problems in soybean fields from soil crusting, which happens due to dispersion of soil particles, reorientation of dispersed particles, drying, and desiccation. More
Pennsylvania Soil Quality Assessment Worksheet
Pennsylvania Soil Quality Assessment Worksheet - Articles Articles

Pennsylvania Soil Quality Assessment Worksheet

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

This publication is intended to help agricultural producers, gardeners, and others assess the quality of their soil. More
Managing Phosphorus for Agriculture and the Environment
Managing Phosphorus for Agriculture and the Environment - Articles Articles
Phosphorus is an essential element for plant and animal growth, but too much of it can accelerate the natural aging of lakes and streams. More
Managing Phosphorus for Crop Production
Managing Phosphorus for Crop Production - Articles Articles
Phosphorus is a macronutrient and component of nucleic acids, and plays a vital role in plant reproduction, of which grain production is an important result. More
Managing Potassium for Crop Production
Managing Potassium for Crop Production - Articles Articles
A corn crop takes up nearly as much potassium (K) as it does nitrogen (N), yet management of each nutrient is entirely different. More
A Nutrient Management Approach for Pennsylvania: Decision-Making
A Nutrient Management Approach for Pennsylvania: Decision-Making - Articles Articles
Effective nutrient management requires decisions to be made at several different levels of detail: strategic, tactical, and operational (Figure 1). More
A Nutrient Management Approach for Pennsylvania: Introduction to the Concepts
A Nutrient Management Approach for Pennsylvania: Introduction to the Concepts - Articles Articles
Nutrient management has taken on new meaning in recent times. Soil fertility traditionally dealt with supplying and managing nutrients to meet crop production requirements. More
A Nutrient Management Approach for Pennsylvania: Plant Nutrient Stocks and Flows
A Nutrient Management Approach for Pennsylvania: Plant Nutrient Stocks and Flows - Articles Articles
Decision-making in agriculture affects the distribution of materials such as crops and manure within farms, and the movement of materials such as feeds and farm products to and from farms. More
Pennsylvania's Nutrient Management Act (Act 38): Who Is Affected?
Pennsylvania's Nutrient Management Act (Act 38): Who Is Affected? - Articles Articles
Learn how to calculate the animal density of an agricultural operation to determine if it is a Concentrated Animal Operation (CAO) and thereby required to implement an Act 38 nutrient management plan. More
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