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Winery Economics to Consider in Pennsylvania
Winery Economics to Consider in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles
The following is a summary of small commercial winery economics as presented by Dr. Gerald White during the 2012 Eastern Winery Exposition (EWE) Conference. More
Getting Wines Into Local Restaurants
Getting Wines Into Local Restaurants - Articles Articles

Getting Wines Into Local Restaurants

Kathy Kelley, Ph.D., Denise M. Gardner

Wine Marketing More
Wine Analytical Labs: How Your Winery Can Use Them
Wine Analytical Labs: How Your Winery Can Use Them - Articles Articles
An important attribute to winemaking is monitoring quality control of the wines through quantitative analysis. More
Volatile Acidity in Wine
Volatile Acidity in Wine - Articles Articles

Volatile Acidity in Wine

Denise M. Gardner

Volatile acidity (VA) is a measure of the wine’s gaseous acids that contributes to the smell and taste of vinegar in wine. More
The American Wine Consumer in 2012: A Summary
The American Wine Consumer in 2012: A Summary - Articles Articles
The following is a summary of Patty Held's 2012 EWE presentation on the distinction between two groups of Millennials and how wineries can market to their differences. More
Sulfur-based Off-flavors in Wine
Sulfur-based Off-flavors in Wine - Articles Articles
This article explains sulfur, sulfur dioxide, and sulfur-like off-odors in wine, and how to remediate hydrogen sulfide in wine. More
Sulfur Dioxide Management
Sulfur Dioxide Management - Articles Articles

Sulfur Dioxide Management

Denise M. Gardner

This article explains how and why sulfur dioxide is used as the primary preservative in wine. More
Starting a Winery
Starting a Winery - Articles Articles

Starting a Winery

Denise M. Gardner

Are you looking to start a winery in PA? This article provides you with a list of "getting started" resources that are important for you to read while starting your winery. More
Starting a Lab in a Small Commercial Winery
Starting a Lab in a Small Commercial Winery - Articles Articles
The following is a guide meant to help establish a wine lab in a small (<10,000 cases annual production) to mid-size (<30,000 cases) winery. More
Resources for Home Production of Wine, Beer, and Growing Grapes
Resources for Home Production of Wine, Beer, and Growing Grapes - Articles Articles
Looking to make your own wine? Brew your own beer? Or grow your own grapes? Below is a list of resources useful for all of your home production needs. More
Preparation for Harvest
Preparation for Harvest - Articles Articles

Preparation for Harvest

Denise M. Gardner

A series of tasks are required for harvest preparation: ordering supplies, checking equipment, preparing the enology lab, updating SOP's, assessing safety risks, and visiting the vineyard. More
Carboys are filled to minimize oxygen exposure during storage. Keeping the carboys in a cool area also helps maintain freshness. Photo by Denise M. Gardner
Production Tips for the Home Winemaker - Articles Articles
The following article discusses some possible considerations when making wine at home. More
Nutrient Management during Fermentation
Nutrient Management during Fermentation - Articles Articles
This article explains what YAN is, the advantages of measuring and treating it, and how to determine what your YAN value means, among other YAN-related topics. More
Managing Sour Rotted Fruit in the Cellar
Managing Sour Rotted Fruit in the Cellar - Articles Articles
Like many grape diseases, sour rot is not specific to one genus and species of bacteria, and it’s difficult for winemakers to know how to deal with such infections. More
Botrytis Infection on Pinot Grigio Grapes. Photo by: Denise M. Gardner
Fermenting with Botrytis 101 - Articles Articles

Fermenting with Botrytis 101

Denise M. Gardner

Suggested actions for successful fermentation depending on the extent of Botrytis infection on the incoming grape clusters. More
Basics on Wine Acidity in Wine Via Clark Smith
Basics on Wine Acidity in Wine Via Clark Smith - Articles Articles

Basics on Wine Acidity in Wine Via Clark Smith

Denise M. Gardner, Clark Smith

In 2011, international wine expert, Clark Smith, visited the PA wine industry and made fundamental suggestions on acid control in wine. More
An Examination of Distillation of Faulted Wines
An Examination of Distillation of Faulted Wines - Articles Articles

An Examination of Distillation of Faulted Wines

Denise M. Gardner, Erin Donnelly

Explore the use of distillation to treat faulted commercial wines. More
A Perspective of the Pennsylvania Wine Industry
A Perspective of the Pennsylvania Wine Industry - Articles Articles
Joe Roberts, national wine blogger, discusses PA wine quality as of the 2012 vintage year, how to enhance quality over time, and insights for the future. More