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Oats. Photo: E. Swackhamer
Cover Crop Considerations after Small Grain Harvest - Articles Articles

Cover Crop Considerations after Small Grain Harvest

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Planting a soil building cover crop after small grain harvest has many benefits, but needs to be tailored to your farm’s needs. More
Overgrazing pastures compromises pasture production and exposes the soil to erosion
Avoid Overgrazing Your Pastures - Articles Articles

Avoid Overgrazing Your Pastures

Justin Brackenrich, Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

The summer is upon us and cool season grasses are slowing down their growth. This is the time to pay attention so you don’t overgraze those pastures. More
Soil erosion is still taking its toll in Pennsylvania but can be addressed by using proper management
Eliminating Soil Erosion - Articles Articles

Eliminating Soil Erosion

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Soil erosion is still our number one sustainability issue. With the excessive rainfall we’ve had many fields are showing the scars of rills and gullies. And yet … We have the tools – so let’s put them to work. More
Photo Credit: Sjoerd Duiker, Penn State Extension.
Managing Soil Compaction Caused by Small Grain Silage Harvest - Articles Articles
Small grain silage harvest can cause soil compaction when the soil is wet. This can have negative effects on the following corn crop. More
Hairy vetch, rye, annual ryegrass, and clover cover crop being grazed. Photo Credit: Sjoerd Duiker, Penn State University
Grazing Crop Residues and Cover Crops - Articles Articles

Grazing Crop Residues and Cover Crops

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Grazing has been largely excluded from our croplands but is receiving new interest as an additional profit center for farmers as well as a way to improve soil. More
Photo Credit: Sjoerd Duiker, Penn State Extension.
Repairing Erosion Damage and Protecting Your Fields - Articles Articles

Repairing Erosion Damage and Protecting Your Fields

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Reports have come in about concentrated flow leading to rills and gully formation over the winter. How can you repair that and avoid it from happening again? More
Photo Credit: Sjoerd Duiker, Penn State Extension.
Threat of ‘Incidental Transfer’ of Manure to Streams - Articles Articles
With soil profiles being fully recharged with water and future runoff, creates the threat of ‘incidental transfer’ of nutrients and dissolved organic carbon from surface applied manure to streams and sinkholes. More
Potential to Integrate Grazing into No-Till Systems
Potential to Integrate Grazing into No-Till Systems - Articles Articles

Potential to Integrate Grazing into No-Till Systems

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

This publication details rotating perennial pastures with annual crops, grazing cover crops, and grazing crop residue—all of which show promise to improve profit and soil health and increase diversity on crop farms. More
How quickly can you increase soil organic matter content?
Can I Increase Soil Organic Matter by 1% This Year? - Articles Articles

Can I Increase Soil Organic Matter by 1% This Year?

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Soil organic matter is a primary measure of soil health. It is important to monitor soil organic matter and try to increase it. But what is a realistic goal? More
Soil compaction at grain harvest and while grazing
Soil compaction at grain harvest and while grazing - Articles Articles

Soil compaction at grain harvest and while grazing

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Try to avoid soil compaction if you still have corn and soybeans to harvest, or if you graze animals. More
Quick and Easy Worksheet for Assessing Traffic-Induced Soil Compaction Risk
Quick and Easy Worksheet for Assessing Traffic-Induced Soil Compaction Risk - Articles Articles
This worksheet gives you a simple, easy-to-use method for assessing the traffic-induced soil compaction risk posed by your field equipment. More
The ‘dweller’ dung beetle Sphaeridium scarabaeoides, a predator of fly larvae observed 4/21/17 in Tionesta, PA.
The Lowly Dung Beetle - Articles Articles

The Lowly Dung Beetle

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Learn about the important role these often forgotten insects play on your livestock farm. More
Soil Health in Field and Forage Crop Production
Soil Health in Field and Forage Crop Production - Articles Articles

Soil Health in Field and Forage Crop Production

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

This publication emphasizes the natural principles of the no-till system and discusses 14 management techniques for improving soil health. More
Soil Crusting
Soil Crusting - Articles Articles

Soil Crusting

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Reports have come in of emergence problems in soybean fields from soil crusting, which happens due to dispersion of soil particles, reorientation of dispersed particles, drying, and desiccation. More
Pennsylvania Soil Quality Assessment Worksheet
Pennsylvania Soil Quality Assessment Worksheet - Articles Articles

Pennsylvania Soil Quality Assessment Worksheet

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

This publication is intended to help agricultural producers, gardeners, and others assess the quality of their soil. More
Mowing with a scythe.
Mowing with a Scythe - Articles Articles

Mowing with a Scythe

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

The scythe is an instrument used to cut grass or shrub. This article gives a description of different types of scythes, the parts of the scythe, and sharpening and mowing techniques. More
Figure 1. The Penn State Cover Crop Interseeder and Applicator. (Photo: Greg Roth)
Cover Crop Interseeder and Applicator - Articles Articles

Cover Crop Interseeder and Applicator

Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D., Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA, William S. Curran, Ph.D.

The Penn State Cover Crop Interseeder and Applicator was designed to help establish cover crops in areas where cover crop establishment is not that feasible because of a late harvest and short season. More
Bioenergy Crops Site Tour July 2013
Bioenergy Crops Demonstration Site - Articles Articles

Bioenergy Crops Demonstration Site

Daniel Ciolkosz, P.E.

Penn State's Division of Farm Services, in conjunction with Extension and the Biomass Energy Center, carries out annual crop tests of promising varieties of different bioenergy crops. More
Waste Biogas Production From Stackable Long Stem Materials
Waste Biogas Production From Stackable Long Stem Materials - Articles Articles
The ideal materials for these systems are those that can be handled with a front end loader and stored in piles, wet bales or bunker type storages. More
Using Waste Grain as a Fuel for a Forage Sample Drying System
Using Waste Grain as a Fuel for a Forage Sample Drying System - Articles Articles
Learn how unmarketable grain was tested as a potential fuel source for drying ovens. More
Wood Crest Farm in Wapwallopen, Pennsylvania
On-Farm Production of Biomass Grass Pellets: A Case Study - Articles Articles
This article describes an operation where switchgrass is grown and pelletized, covering all aspects of the operation, from crop establishment to marketing the crop, and an analysis of costs. More
Sudangrass from 2009 Demo Site (D Ciolkosz)
Field Crops for Energy - Articles Articles

Field Crops for Energy

Daniel Ciolkosz, P.E.

Demands for sustainable, renewable energy sources will likely require the development of new cropping systems. More
A Primer on Woody Biomass Energy for Forest Landowners
A Primer on Woody Biomass Energy for Forest Landowners - Articles Articles

A Primer on Woody Biomass Energy for Forest Landowners

Daniel Ciolkosz, P.E., Michael Jacobson, Ph.D.

This article gives an overview of the scope and issues involved when considering whether managing a forest for energy production is a good option. More
A Primer on Woody Biomass Energy for the Forest Community
A Primer on Woody Biomass Energy for the Forest Community - Articles Articles

A Primer on Woody Biomass Energy for the Forest Community

Daniel Ciolkosz, P.E., Michael Jacobson, Ph.D.

This article discusses some of the issues of using woody biomass as an energy source with respect to those in the forestry business such as timber harvesters and forest managers. More
What is Renewable Energy?
What is Renewable Energy? - Articles Articles

What is Renewable Energy?

Daniel Ciolkosz, P.E.

Renewable energy is energy generated from natural resources—such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides and geothermal heat. More
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