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This penstemon flower offers bees a landing pad and nectar guides. Photo by Connie Schmotzer
Pollination and Pollinators - Articles Articles

Pollination and Pollinators

Constance Schmotzer

Pollination is the transfer of pollen from the anthers of a flower to the stigma of the same flower or another flower. The result is the production of fertile seeds. More
A successful pollinator garden includes a diversity of plants. Photo by Connie Schmotzer
Planting Pollinator-Friendly Gardens - Articles Articles
One of the most important ways you can help pollinators is by provisioning your yard with plants that provide pollen and nectar. To attract butterflies, you will also need to include a variety of larval host plants for caterpillars to eat. More
USDA map showing where Buddleia is invasive
Avoiding Invasives: Butterfly Bush - Articles Articles

Avoiding Invasives: Butterfly Bush

Constance Schmotzer

How could the ever popular butterfly bush possibly be a problem for pollinators when it attracts butterflies and is highly marketed as a “must-have” plant for butterfly gardens? More
Horizontal Silo Safety
Horizontal Silo Safety - Articles Articles

Horizontal Silo Safety

Dennis Murphy, Ph.D., William Harshman

This article addresses safety hazards and precautions for horizontal silos, particularly bunker silos. More
Skid-Steer Safety for Farm and Landscape
Skid-Steer Safety for Farm and Landscape - Articles Articles

Skid-Steer Safety for Farm and Landscape

Dennis Murphy, Ph.D., William Harshman

Addresses the safe use of the skid-steer loader as used in agricultural or landscape operations. More
NAGCAT Guidelines offer visual and written recommendations to adults to help youth have positive agricultural experiences.
ATVs and Youth: Matching Children and Vehicles - Articles Articles

ATVs and Youth: Matching Children and Vehicles

Dennis Murphy, Ph.D., William Harshman

From backyards to farm fields to forest lands, youth are operating all-terrain vehicles (ATVs). More
Farm Dump Truck and Trailer Safety
Farm Dump Truck and Trailer Safety - Articles Articles

Farm Dump Truck and Trailer Safety

Dennis Murphy, Ph.D., William Harshman

This article will examine large farm dump truck and trailer safety issues relating to the use of these units on farms. More
The Safe Use of ATVs in Agriculture
The Safe Use of ATVs in Agriculture - Articles Articles

The Safe Use of ATVs in Agriculture

Dennis Murphy, Ph.D., William Harshman

The ATV has found many uses in agriculture as a substitute for pick-up trucks, horses, and even walking. More
Pennsylvania Native Plants for the Perennial Garden
Pennsylvania Native Plants for the Perennial Garden - Articles Articles
Herbaceous (nonwoody) perennial plants add year round interest to any landscape and are a popular choice of plants among gardeners. More
Farm Respiratory Protection
Farm Respiratory Protection - Articles Articles

Farm Respiratory Protection

Dennis Murphy, Ph.D., William Harshman

Farming is filled with respiratory hazards such as pesticide vapors, dusty fields, dangerous hydrogen sulfide accumulations in manure pits and pump sumps. More
Noise Induced Hearing Loss in Agriculture
Noise Induced Hearing Loss in Agriculture - Articles Articles

Noise Induced Hearing Loss in Agriculture

Dennis Murphy, Ph.D., William Harshman

Studies suggest that lengthy exposure to typical noises on farms can result in noise induced hearing loss to farmers of all ages, including teenagers. More
A damaged hard hat
Head, Eye, and Foot Protection for Farm Workers - Articles Articles

Head, Eye, and Foot Protection for Farm Workers

Dennis Murphy, Ph.D., William Harshman

The National Safety Council estimates that approximately 120,000 agricultural workers suffer disabling injuries each year. More
Care and Maintenance of Perennials
Care and Maintenance of Perennials - Articles Articles

Care and Maintenance of Perennials

Constance Schmotzer

There is some basic care needed to keep your perennials in their best form and to come back year after year. More
Dividing Perennials
Dividing Perennials - Articles Articles

Dividing Perennials

Constance Schmotzer

A certain amount of time and energy is required to create and maintain a visually appealing perennial garden. Results obtained from dividing perennials are well worth the time invested. More