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This penstemon flower offers bees a landing pad and nectar guides. Photo by Connie Schmotzer
Pollination and Pollinators - Articles Articles

Pollination and Pollinators

Constance Schmotzer

Pollination is the transfer of pollen from the anthers of a flower to the stigma of the same flower or another flower. The result is the production of fertile seeds. More
A successful pollinator garden includes a diversity of plants. Photo by Connie Schmotzer
Planting Pollinator-Friendly Gardens - Articles Articles
One of the most important ways you can help pollinators is by provisioning your yard with plants that provide pollen and nectar. To attract butterflies, you will also need to include a variety of larval host plants for caterpillars to eat. More
USDA map showing where Buddleia is invasive
Avoiding Invasives: Butterfly Bush - Articles Articles

Avoiding Invasives: Butterfly Bush

Constance Schmotzer

How could the ever popular butterfly bush possibly be a problem for pollinators when it attracts butterflies and is highly marketed as a “must-have” plant for butterfly gardens? More
Pennsylvania Dairy Farm Size and Profitability
Pennsylvania Dairy Farm Size and Profitability - Articles Articles
Annual summary of Pennsylvania dairy cash flow plans and assessment of factors that lead to profitability. More
Financing a Dairy Farm Modernization: What Your Banker Wants to Know
Financing a Dairy Farm Modernization: What Your Banker Wants to Know - Articles Articles
For major renovations or expansions, a lender will want a comprehensive financial plan that proves the farm’s past profitability and justifies the expansion for further profits down the road. More
Getting a Handle on the Farm Bill and the Dairy Margin Protection Program
Getting a Handle on the Farm Bill and the Dairy Margin Protection Program - Articles Articles
When it comes to risk management it seems like things are never simple. More
What’s Old is New Again: Records Never Go Out of Style
What’s Old is New Again: Records Never Go Out of Style - Articles Articles
An adventure in cleaning out old file cabinets yields financial record keeping advice that has stood the test of time. More
Dairy Margin Protection Program FAQs
Dairy Margin Protection Program FAQs - Articles Articles
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs), information and answers regarding the Agricultural Act of 2014 Dairy Title's Margin Protection Program. More
The Crop Costs Conversation: Get the Most out of Your Cropping Plan
The Crop Costs Conversation: Get the Most out of Your Cropping Plan - Articles Articles
Actual production costs for forage and grains can vary greatly from market prices. It pays to know your true costs. More
Pennsylvania Native Plants for the Perennial Garden
Pennsylvania Native Plants for the Perennial Garden - Articles Articles
Herbaceous (nonwoody) perennial plants add year round interest to any landscape and are a popular choice of plants among gardeners. More
Dividing Perennials
Dividing Perennials - Articles Articles

Dividing Perennials

Constance Schmotzer

A certain amount of time and energy is required to create and maintain a visually appealing perennial garden. Results obtained from dividing perennials are well worth the time invested. More
Care and Maintenance of Perennials
Care and Maintenance of Perennials - Articles Articles

Care and Maintenance of Perennials

Constance Schmotzer

There is some basic care needed to keep your perennials in their best form and to come back year after year. More