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This penstemon flower offers bees a landing pad and nectar guides. Photo by Connie Schmotzer
Pollination and Pollinators - Articles Articles

Pollination and Pollinators

Constance Schmotzer

Pollination is the transfer of pollen from the anthers of a flower to the stigma of the same flower or another flower. The result is the production of fertile seeds. More
A successful pollinator garden includes a diversity of plants. Photo by Connie Schmotzer
Planting Pollinator-Friendly Gardens - Articles Articles
One of the most important ways you can help pollinators is by provisioning your yard with plants that provide pollen and nectar. To attract butterflies, you will also need to include a variety of larval host plants for caterpillars to eat. More
USDA map showing where Buddleia is invasive
Avoiding Invasives: Butterfly Bush - Articles Articles

Avoiding Invasives: Butterfly Bush

Constance Schmotzer

How could the ever popular butterfly bush possibly be a problem for pollinators when it attracts butterflies and is highly marketed as a “must-have” plant for butterfly gardens? More
Ants in Home Lawns
Ants in Home Lawns - Articles Articles

Ants in Home Lawns

Gregory Hoover

Several species of ants commonly inhabit home lawns and ornamental plantings of trees and shrubs. More
Boxwoods for Pennsylvania Landscapes
Boxwoods for Pennsylvania Landscapes - Articles Articles

Boxwoods for Pennsylvania Landscapes

Jim Sellmer, Ph.D., Gregory Hoover

In the nursery and landscape trade today, numerous boxwood varieties and hybrids are available. More
Carpenter ants associated with tupliptree scale are attracted by the abundance of honeydew.
Differentiating Magnolia Scale from Tuliptree Scale - Articles Articles
Magnolia or tuliptree branches with soft scales that are submitted for diagnosis, require identification of the soft scale insect species present on the sample. More
Pennsylvania Native Plants for the Perennial Garden
Pennsylvania Native Plants for the Perennial Garden - Articles Articles
Herbaceous (nonwoody) perennial plants add year round interest to any landscape and are a popular choice of plants among gardeners. More
Using Nature's Signals to Manage Landscape Pests
Using Nature's Signals to Manage Landscape Pests - Articles Articles

Using Nature's Signals to Manage Landscape Pests

Emelie Swackhamer, Gregory Hoover

The best way to make an effective pesticide application is to observe pest development at the site through regular monitoring. More
Recognize and Conserve Natural Enemies
Recognize and Conserve Natural Enemies - Articles Articles

Recognize and Conserve Natural Enemies

Karen Bernhard, Emelie Swackhamer, Gregory Hoover

Before you attempt to control a pest, take time to identify the suspects properly. Are you really sure they are harmful? More
Monitor Pests and Keep Records
Monitor Pests and Keep Records - Articles Articles

Monitor Pests and Keep Records

Emelie Swackhamer, J. Robert Nuss, Larry Kuhns, Gregory Hoover

Inspecting your plants on a regular basis is essential to identifying and evaluating plant problems in their early stages. More
Promote Plant Health
Promote Plant Health - Articles Articles

Promote Plant Health

Emelie Swackhamer, J. Robert Nuss, Larry Kuhns, Gregory Hoover

Healthy, vigorous plants are less vulnerable to attack by insects and disease. More
Plant with Care
Plant with Care - Articles Articles

Plant with Care

Emelie Swackhamer, J. Robert Nuss, Larry Kuhns, Gregory Hoover

One of the most important steps you can take to ensure the health and long life of your plants is to plant them correctly. More
Pest Management Methods
Pest Management Methods - Articles Articles

Pest Management Methods

Emelie Swackhamer, J. Robert Nuss, Larry Kuhns, Gregory Hoover

IPM (integrated pest management) primarily consists of methods used to prevent plant problems from occurring in the first place. More
Keeping Plants Well Groomed
Keeping Plants Well Groomed - Articles Articles

Keeping Plants Well Groomed

Emelie Swackhamer, J. Robert Nuss, Larry Kuhns, Gregory Hoover

Debris that builds up in the landscape can harbor pests and plant diseases. More
Introduction to Creating Healthy Landscapes
Introduction to Creating Healthy Landscapes - Articles Articles

Introduction to Creating Healthy Landscapes

Emelie Swackhamer, J. Robert Nuss, Larry Kuhns, Gregory Hoover

When a plant looks unhealthy or has been injured by an insect or a mite, often our first impulse is to apply a pesticide. More
Choosing Plants Wisely
Choosing Plants Wisely - Articles Articles

Choosing Plants Wisely

Emelie Swackhamer, J. Robert Nuss, Larry Kuhns, Gregory Hoover

To create and maintain a healthy landscape, choose plants that are suited to the conditions in your yard. More
Dividing Perennials
Dividing Perennials - Articles Articles

Dividing Perennials

Constance Schmotzer

A certain amount of time and energy is required to create and maintain a visually appealing perennial garden. Results obtained from dividing perennials are well worth the time invested. More
Care and Maintenance of Perennials
Care and Maintenance of Perennials - Articles Articles

Care and Maintenance of Perennials

Constance Schmotzer

There is some basic care needed to keep your perennials in their best form and to come back year after year. More
Beautiful garden landscapes, like the one in this illustration, can be obtained through smart and heathy management plans
Creating Healthy Landscapes - Articles Articles

Creating Healthy Landscapes

Emelie Swackhamer, J. Robert Nuss, Larry Kuhns, Gregory Hoover

This article outlines steps to help homeowners take better care of landscape plants and provides an introduction to basic integrated pest management concepts. More