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Body Condition Scoring as a Tool for Dairy Herd Management
Body Condition Scoring as a Tool for Dairy Herd Management - Articles Articles

Body Condition Scoring as a Tool for Dairy Herd Management

Jud Heinrichs, Coleen M. Jones, Virginia A. Ishler

Body condition scoring evaluates fatness or thinness according to a five-point scale and scores are used to fine-tune dairy nutrition and health. More
Examples of Cows at Various Body Condition Scores
Examples of Cows at Various Body Condition Scores - Articles Articles

Examples of Cows at Various Body Condition Scores

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Photos demonstrate dairy cows with a range of body condition scores. Each photo includes key observations at that score. More
Trends in Age at Calving of Heifers in Pennsylvania
Trends in Age at Calving of Heifers in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles

Trends in Age at Calving of Heifers in Pennsylvania

Jud Heinrichs, Coleen M. Jones

Age at first calving impacts the total costs of raising heifers. This article examines DHI data on age at first calving in Pennsylvania Holsteins. More
Growth Monitor: Compare Heifers to Breed Standards
Growth Monitor: Compare Heifers to Breed Standards - Articles Articles

Growth Monitor: Compare Heifers to Breed Standards

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Spreadsheet tools for tracking dairy heifer growth in comparison to breed standards. More
Photo credit: Shannon Wingert
New Thoughts, Old Question: Should We Feed Calves Forage? - Articles Articles

New Thoughts, Old Question: Should We Feed Calves Forage?

Jud Heinrichs, Coleen M. Jones, Xavier Suarez

Feeding forage to calves has been debated for years. Fermentation of grain is essential for rumen development, but sometimes calves perform better with hay. More
Cost Comparison of Various Calf Feeding Programs
Cost Comparison of Various Calf Feeding Programs - Articles Articles

Cost Comparison of Various Calf Feeding Programs

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Evaluation of costs of feeding pasteurized milk to calves compared to other systems considering current market conditions. More
Table: Comparison of Commercial Electrolyte Products
Table: Comparison of Commercial Electrolyte Products - Articles Articles
Summary of selected nutrients in commercial oral rehydration products. Table assumes products are mixed with water according the manufacturer's directions. More
Colostrum Supplements and Replacer
Colostrum Supplements and Replacer - Articles Articles

Colostrum Supplements and Replacer

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Colostrum products can be valuable tools to increase calf immunity. This article describes the composition and effectiveness of colostrum supplements and replacers. More
Manual for Batch Mix Spreadsheet
Manual for Batch Mix Spreadsheet - Articles Articles

Manual for Batch Mix Spreadsheet

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Tips and instructions for using the Batch Mix spreadsheet, a simple tool for adjusting the amount fed as the dry matter of forages changes. More
Effects of Calf Feeding Program on First Lactation Performance
Effects of Calf Feeding Program on First Lactation Performance - Articles Articles
A review of the effects of increased milk or milk replacer feeding on milk production. More
Trouble Shooting Colostrum Management: Colostrum Calculator
Trouble Shooting Colostrum Management: Colostrum Calculator - Articles Articles
Use the Colostrum Calculator spreadsheet to investigate factors related to IgG absorption in calves. More
Feeding Acidified Milk to Calves
Feeding Acidified Milk to Calves - Articles Articles

Feeding Acidified Milk to Calves

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

This article describes reasons for acidifying milk or milk replacer and examines research on acidified milk feeding systems. More
Photos of Rumen Development
Photos of Rumen Development - Articles Articles

Photos of Rumen Development

Jud Heinrichs, Coleen M. Jones

This series of photos illustrates the process of rumen development in dairy calves. More
Dairy Heifer Contracting Fundamentals
Dairy Heifer Contracting Fundamentals - Articles Articles

Dairy Heifer Contracting Fundamentals

Sarah Cornelisse, Jud Heinrichs, Coleen M. Jones

An understanding of the importance of a written contract and its components is essential for custom heifer growers and for the dairy producers planning to employ these services. More
Photo credit: Jill Kopfer
Monitoring Dairy Heifer Growth - Articles Articles

Monitoring Dairy Heifer Growth

Jud Heinrichs, Coleen M. Jones

Success of a heifer-rearing program can be evaluated by monitoring height and weight of heifers and comparing the results against the herd's growth goals. More
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