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Creating Health and Nutrition: Selecting Cheese for Health - Articles Articles

Creating Health and Nutrition: Selecting Cheese for Health

Stacy Reed, MS, Kerry E. Kaylegian, Ph.D., Rayna Cooper

This fact sheet provides dietary tips and an overview of the nutrition information of cheese, explains why cheeses are so different, and briefly describes how cheese is manufactured. More
Photo credit: Coleen Jones
Rumen Development, Don’t Wean Calves Without It! - Articles Articles

Rumen Development, Don’t Wean Calves Without It!

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Regardless of how much milk you are feeding calves or what age they are at weaning, if the rumen is not ready, calves are in for a rough transition. More
Farmstead and Artisan Cheesemaking
Farmstead and Artisan Cheesemaking - Articles Articles

Farmstead and Artisan Cheesemaking

Sarah Cornelisse, Kerry E. Kaylegian, Ph.D., Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Emily Montgomery

The renaissance of farm-based dairy processing can be attractive, but it is imperative that farmers research and plan all aspects of a new enterprise. More
Writing Sanitation Standard Operating Procedures (SSOPs) Writing Sanitation Standard Operating Procedures (SSOPs) - Articles
Consistently using correct cleaning and sanitizing procedures in dairy and food processing plants is the foundation to producing high quality, safe food. More
Key Concepts of Cleaning and Sanitizing
Key Concepts of Cleaning and Sanitizing - Articles Articles

Key Concepts of Cleaning and Sanitizing

Kerry E. Kaylegian, Ph.D.

Proper cleaning and sanitizing is essential to producing high quality, safe dairy foods. A well-informed and trained staff provides the foundation for safe food processing. More
Cleaning and Sanitizing Wood Boards for Cheese Aging
Cleaning and Sanitizing Wood Boards for Cheese Aging - Articles Articles
The traditional practice of using wood boards for cheese aging must meet the contemporary practice of sanitation to ensure food safety. More
Penn State Dairy Cattle Nutrition Workshop
Penn State Dairy Cattle Nutrition Workshop - Articles Articles

Penn State Dairy Cattle Nutrition Workshop

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Annual event provides continuing education for feed industry professionals. More
Dairy Food Processing - Federal Regulations
Dairy Food Processing - Federal Regulations - Articles Articles

Dairy Food Processing - Federal Regulations

Kerry E. Kaylegian, Ph.D.

Federal regulations for food processors encompass food safety, standards for manufacturing facilities, good manufacturing practices, and compositional standards. More
Judges cutting a 200 pound block of Swiss cheese
Pennsylvania Farm Show Cheese Competition - Articles Articles

Pennsylvania Farm Show Cheese Competition

Kerry E. Kaylegian, Ph.D.

The Pennsylvania Farm Show Cheese Competition is open to any Pennsylvania cheesemaker holding a valid dairy foods manufacturing permit. More
Home Cheesemaking
Home Cheesemaking - Articles Articles

Home Cheesemaking

Kerry E. Kaylegian, Ph.D.

Making cheese at home is fun. Proper preparation and attention to sanitation will make good tasting cheese that is safe for the whole family to enjoy. More
'Abion' strawberries and 'Polka' (left) and 'Josephine' raspberries (right) at Penn State's High Tunnel facility.
Growing Raspberries and Strawberries in Containers - Articles Articles
Specialty Crop Research Initiative (SCRI) High and Low Tunnel Berry Project Update #1—information on growing strawberries and raspberries in containers. More
From Harvest to Feed: Understanding Silage Management
From Harvest to Feed: Understanding Silage Management - Articles Articles

From Harvest to Feed: Understanding Silage Management

Coleen M. Jones, Virginia A. Ishler, Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D.

Feeding adequate quantities of high-quality forages is the basis of profitable milk and livestock production. More
Feeding the Newborn Dairy Calf
Feeding the Newborn Dairy Calf - Articles Articles

Feeding the Newborn Dairy Calf

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Calf health, growth, and productivity rely heavily on nutrition and management practices. More
Growth Charts for Dairy Heifers
Growth Charts for Dairy Heifers - Articles Articles

Growth Charts for Dairy Heifers

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Comparing to a breed standard can indicate if heifer growth is progressing normally. More
Using the Body Condition Scoring Excel Spreadsheet Series
Using the Body Condition Scoring Excel Spreadsheet Series - Articles Articles
Instructions for the Body Condition Scoring spreadsheet series, used to evaluate body condition in cows and heifers. Spreadsheet series is designed for a scale of 1 to 5. More
Growth Monitor: Compare Heifers to Breed Standards
Growth Monitor: Compare Heifers to Breed Standards - Articles Articles

Growth Monitor: Compare Heifers to Breed Standards

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Spreadsheet tools for tracking dairy heifer growth in comparison to breed standards. More
Dairy Food Processing - Pennsylvania Regulations
Dairy Food Processing - Pennsylvania Regulations - Articles Articles
Dairy food processors must meet all regulations that apply to food processors, as well as regulations for dairy food processing and standards for specific products. More
Sanitation for Dairy Food Plants
Sanitation for Dairy Food Plants - Articles Articles

Sanitation for Dairy Food Plants

Kerry E. Kaylegian, Ph.D.

Sanitation Controls are an element of Food Safety Plans that are required for all food processors by the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA). The end result is high quality, safe dairy products. More
The Grade "A" Pasteurized Milk Ordinance
The Grade "A" Pasteurized Milk Ordinance - Articles Articles

The Grade "A" Pasteurized Milk Ordinance

Kerry E. Kaylegian, Ph.D.

The Grade "A" Pasteurized Milk Ordinance (PMO) is recognized as the national standard for milk sanitation. More
Photo by Roychan Kruawan
The Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) - Articles Articles

The Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA)

Kerry E. Kaylegian, Ph.D.

The Food Safety Modernization (FSMA) is sweeping legislation that puts into place mandatory prevention-based controls across the food supply to protect public safety and prevent illness. More
Dairy Product Standards
Dairy Product Standards - Articles Articles

Dairy Product Standards

Kerry E. Kaylegian, Ph.D.

Many dairy food products have federal standards and grades that are based on composition, manufacturing, and quality requirements. More
Milk Replacer Costs and Your Options
Milk Replacer Costs and Your Options - Articles Articles

Milk Replacer Costs and Your Options

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Discussion of whey protein prices, alternative proteins, cost comparisons, and considerations for feeding waste milk. More
Composition and Hygiene of Colostrum on Modern Pennsylvania Dairy Farms
Composition and Hygiene of Colostrum on Modern Pennsylvania Dairy Farms - Articles Articles
Nutrient, immunoglobulin, and bacterial content of modern colostrum and discussion of colostrum source and volume. More
Effects of Calf Feeding Program on First Lactation Performance
Effects of Calf Feeding Program on First Lactation Performance - Articles Articles
A review of the effects of increased milk or milk replacer feeding on milk production. More
Trends in Age at Calving of Heifers in Pennsylvania
Trends in Age at Calving of Heifers in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles

Trends in Age at Calving of Heifers in Pennsylvania

Jud Heinrichs, Coleen M. Jones

Age at first calving impacts the total costs of raising heifers. This article examines DHI data on age at first calving in Pennsylvania Holsteins. More
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