Penn State Extension

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Marketing Your Value-Added Dairy Products - Articles Articles
Marketing can be a challenging aspect of operating an artisan or farmstead dairy. Farmstead dairy processors must stay up-to-date on marketing factors including consumer trends, the competition, market outlets and pricing. More
TheDigitalWay on pixabay.com CC0
Are You Pricing Your Custom Services Correctly? - Articles Articles
The prices you set for your services should move you toward achieving your long-term business goals. At the same time, consider how you are looking to position yourself in the business landscape. More
Mapping your demographics will help you spend your marketing budget wisely.
Marketing Research Basics: Identifying Your Target Market - Articles Articles
If you plan on direct marketing of your farm products, marketing research plays a crucial role in the development of a marketing strategy and plan. More
Alfalfa regrowth after the last summer cutting. Image Credit: Hanna Wells.
Potassium Management to Improve Alfalfa Winter Survival - Articles Articles
Proper potassium management in fall can improve winter survival of alfalfa. More
Social Media for Ag Business: How Can You Use This Tool?
Social Media for Ag Business: How Can You Use This Tool? - Videos Videos
This video provides an overview of ways you can use social media for your farm business. More
Manure storages that capture runoff from barn roofs or other impervious surfaces are likely to fill up sooner than expected due to the extreme rainfall this summer. Image credit: Charlie White
Manure Management When Storages Fill Up Sooner than Expected - News News
With the extreme rainfall over the last month, some farms may need to start emptying manure storages sooner than normal. Here are some points to consider when doing so. More
Social Media Education Needs Survey
Social Media Education Needs Survey - News News
Whether you work with farmers, small businesses, community organizations, government, elected officials, or non-profits, there's the opportunity for each of these people and groups to use social media. More
First Steps to a Marketing Strategy
First Steps to a Marketing Strategy - Articles Articles
As a small or beginning farmer, marketing takes on a special importance as you’re likely unable to rely on past relationships with consumers or the ability to produce large quantities for buyers. More
Nitrogen deficiency in corn, characterized by yellowing along the midrib of the lower leaves, starting at the leaf tip and moving towards the stalk. (Image credit: Charlie White)
What is the Potential for Nitrogen Losses from Extreme Summer Rainfall - Articles Articles
The severity of nitrogen losses from extreme summer rainfalls, and how you react to them, depends on many factors. More
Social media app icons Pixelkult on pixabay.com CC0
How to Choose Which Social Media Sites to Use - Articles Articles
Social media use has become widespread across the U.S. With the number of social media sites that exist, as a business owner or organizational leader you may have the question “What social media site should I use?” More
Potassium deficiency on this corn crop is exhibited by yellowing and necrosis of the leaf edges in the lower part of the canopy. Image credit: Jeff Graybill
Scouting for Nutrient Deficiencies - Articles Articles
Regular visual inspections, paired with tissue testing, soil sampling, and some help from eyes in the sky, can help diagnose nutrient deficiencies in a growing crop. More
Corn in wet areas of this field is suffering from a nitrogen deficiency due to early season nitrogen losses. Photo credit: Charlie White
Is Your Nitrogen Still There? - News News

Is Your Nitrogen Still There?

06/06/2018

With the cool and wet weather in many parts of the state, you might be wondering whether the nitrogen you applied to corn this spring has been lost. More
Urea granules treated with a urease inhibitor. Photo credit: Charlie White
Will Your Nitrogen Stabilizer be Effective? - Articles Articles
Nitrogen stabilizer products are valuable management tools to prevent losses of N fertilizer and increase N use efficiency by the crop. Knowing how these products work will you help you maximize their effectiveness. More
Photo credit: Patrick Drohan
Soil pH Affects Forage Production - Articles Articles

Soil pH Affects Forage Production

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D., Charles White

Soil pH can be one of the greatest determinates of forage productivity and stand life. More
A field must have greater than 25% crop residue cover or a cover crop to be eligible for winter manure spreading, along with other restrictions. Photo credit: Charlie White
The Do’s and Don’ts of Winter Manure Spreading - Articles Articles
If winter manure spreading is absolutely unavoidable, follow these requirements to do it legally. More
Farmstead and Artisan Cheesemaking
Farmstead and Artisan Cheesemaking - Articles Articles

Farmstead and Artisan Cheesemaking

Sarah Cornelisse, Kerry E. Kaylegian, Ph.D., Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Emily Montgomery

The renaissance of farm-based dairy processing can be attractive, but it is imperative that farmers research and plan all aspects of a new enterprise. More
Can I Apply Potash in Winter?
Can I Apply Potash in Winter? - Articles Articles

Can I Apply Potash in Winter?

Charles White, Nicole Santangelo

Ensuring properly timed potassium applications where they are needed when conditions permit. More
Photo caption: Charlie White, PSU
Charlie White, Soil Fertility and Nutrient Management Extension Specialist - News News
The torch is passed in the soil fertility and nutrient management Extension program. More
Price Discounts: Types and Use
Price Discounts: Types and Use - Videos Videos

Price Discounts: Types and Use

Sarah Cornelisse

3:59

This video discusses five types of price discounting options and situations for their use. More
Achieving High Soil Carbon Levels Survey
Achieving High Soil Carbon Levels Survey - News News
Do you want to learn how to achieve high soil carbon levels while preventing nitrate leaching and phosphorus runoff? More
Figure 5. Alternating row configuration is one strategy to manage competition between species in a mixture. Here forage radish alternates with Austrian winter pea.
Making the Most of Mixtures: Considerations for Winter Cover Crops - Articles Articles
This article discusses tailoring a cover crop mixture, building a complementary mix, determining which species to use, methods to establish mixtures, and considerations when terminating mixtures. More
Product Pricing: Choosing a Pricing Method
Product Pricing: Choosing a Pricing Method - Videos Videos

Product Pricing: Choosing a Pricing Method

Sarah Cornelisse

7:11

Product pricing requires that many factors be considered. This video will cover five pricing methods that can be used. Pricing methods should be chosen with your business goals in mind. More
Managing Soil Health: Concepts and Practices
Managing Soil Health: Concepts and Practices - Articles Articles

Managing Soil Health: Concepts and Practices

Charles White, Mary Barbercheck, Ph.D.

Information for farmers and gardeners who want to understand the physical, chemical, and biological components of healthy soil and how to manage them. More
Understanding Pricing Objectives and Strategies for the Value-Added Ag Producer
Understanding Pricing Objectives and Strategies for the Value-Added Ag Producer - Articles Articles
Choosing a pricing objective and associated strategy is an important function of the business owner and an integral part of the business plan or planning process. More
Agribusiness Planning: Providing Direction for Agricultural Firms
Agribusiness Planning: Providing Direction for Agricultural Firms - Articles Articles
This publication discusses the importance of business planning for agricultural firms and describes the steps required to prepare a thorough business plan. More
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