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Alfalfa regrowth after the last summer cutting. Image Credit: Hanna Wells.
Potassium Management to Improve Alfalfa Winter Survival - Articles Articles
Proper potassium management in fall can improve winter survival of alfalfa. More
Nitrogen deficiency in corn, characterized by yellowing along the midrib of the lower leaves, starting at the leaf tip and moving towards the stalk. (Image credit: Charlie White)
What is the Potential for Nitrogen Losses from Extreme Summer Rainfall - Articles Articles
The severity of nitrogen losses from extreme summer rainfalls, and how you react to them, depends on many factors. More
Potassium deficiency on this corn crop is exhibited by yellowing and necrosis of the leaf edges in the lower part of the canopy. Image credit: Jeff Graybill
Scouting for Nutrient Deficiencies - Articles Articles
Regular visual inspections, paired with tissue testing, soil sampling, and some help from eyes in the sky, can help diagnose nutrient deficiencies in a growing crop. More
Urea granules treated with a urease inhibitor. Photo credit: Charlie White
Will Your Nitrogen Stabilizer be Effective? - Articles Articles
Nitrogen stabilizer products are valuable management tools to prevent losses of N fertilizer and increase N use efficiency by the crop. Knowing how these products work will you help you maximize their effectiveness. More
Photo credit: Patrick Drohan
Soil pH Affects Forage Production - Articles Articles

Soil pH Affects Forage Production

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D., Charles White

Soil pH can be one of the greatest determinates of forage productivity and stand life. More
A field must have greater than 25% crop residue cover or a cover crop to be eligible for winter manure spreading, along with other restrictions. Photo credit: Charlie White
The Do’s and Don’ts of Winter Manure Spreading - Articles Articles
If winter manure spreading is absolutely unavoidable, follow these requirements to do it legally. More
Can I Apply Potash in Winter?
Can I Apply Potash in Winter? - Articles Articles

Can I Apply Potash in Winter?

Charles White, Nicole Santangelo

Ensuring properly timed potassium applications where they are needed when conditions permit. More
Figure 5. Alternating row configuration is one strategy to manage competition between species in a mixture. Here forage radish alternates with Austrian winter pea.
Making the Most of Mixtures: Considerations for Winter Cover Crops - Articles Articles
This article discusses tailoring a cover crop mixture, building a complementary mix, determining which species to use, methods to establish mixtures, and considerations when terminating mixtures. More
Managing Soil Health: Concepts and Practices
Managing Soil Health: Concepts and Practices - Articles Articles

Managing Soil Health: Concepts and Practices

Charles White, Mary Barbercheck, Ph.D.

Information for farmers and gardeners who want to understand the physical, chemical, and biological components of healthy soil and how to manage them. More
Ants in Home Lawns
Ants in Home Lawns - Articles Articles

Ants in Home Lawns

Gregory Hoover

Several species of ants commonly inhabit home lawns and ornamental plantings of trees and shrubs. More
Rye Hairy Vetch. Photo: Elsa Sanchez
Growing Cover Crops for Nitrogen on Vegetable Farms - Articles Articles

Growing Cover Crops for Nitrogen on Vegetable Farms

Elsa Sanchez, Ph.D., Charles White

There are a lot of good reasons for using covers crops on vegetable farms including recycling or adding nitrogen to the soil. More
Boxwoods for Pennsylvania Landscapes
Boxwoods for Pennsylvania Landscapes - Articles Articles

Boxwoods for Pennsylvania Landscapes

Jim Sellmer, Ph.D., Gregory Hoover

In the nursery and landscape trade today, numerous boxwood varieties and hybrids are available. More
Carpenter ants associated with tupliptree scale are attracted by the abundance of honeydew.
Differentiating Magnolia Scale from Tuliptree Scale - Articles Articles
Magnolia or tuliptree branches with soft scales that are submitted for diagnosis, require identification of the soft scale insect species present on the sample. More
Choosing Plants Wisely
Choosing Plants Wisely - Articles Articles

Choosing Plants Wisely

Emelie Swackhamer, J. Robert Nuss, Larry Kuhns, Gregory Hoover

To create and maintain a healthy landscape, choose plants that are suited to the conditions in your yard. More
Introduction to Creating Healthy Landscapes
Introduction to Creating Healthy Landscapes - Articles Articles

Introduction to Creating Healthy Landscapes

Emelie Swackhamer, J. Robert Nuss, Larry Kuhns, Gregory Hoover

When a plant looks unhealthy or has been injured by an insect or a mite, often our first impulse is to apply a pesticide. More
Keeping Plants Well Groomed
Keeping Plants Well Groomed - Articles Articles

Keeping Plants Well Groomed

Emelie Swackhamer, J. Robert Nuss, Larry Kuhns, Gregory Hoover

Debris that builds up in the landscape can harbor pests and plant diseases. More
Pest Management Methods
Pest Management Methods - Articles Articles

Pest Management Methods

Emelie Swackhamer, J. Robert Nuss, Larry Kuhns, Gregory Hoover

IPM (integrated pest management) primarily consists of methods used to prevent plant problems from occurring in the first place. More
Plant with Care
Plant with Care - Articles Articles

Plant with Care

Emelie Swackhamer, J. Robert Nuss, Larry Kuhns, Gregory Hoover

One of the most important steps you can take to ensure the health and long life of your plants is to plant them correctly. More
Promote Plant Health
Promote Plant Health - Articles Articles

Promote Plant Health

Emelie Swackhamer, J. Robert Nuss, Larry Kuhns, Gregory Hoover

Healthy, vigorous plants are less vulnerable to attack by insects and disease. More
Monitor Pests and Keep Records
Monitor Pests and Keep Records - Articles Articles

Monitor Pests and Keep Records

Emelie Swackhamer, J. Robert Nuss, Larry Kuhns, Gregory Hoover

Inspecting your plants on a regular basis is essential to identifying and evaluating plant problems in their early stages. More
Recognize and Conserve Natural Enemies
Recognize and Conserve Natural Enemies - Articles Articles

Recognize and Conserve Natural Enemies

Karen Bernhard, Emelie Swackhamer, Gregory Hoover

Before you attempt to control a pest, take time to identify the suspects properly. Are you really sure they are harmful? More
Using Nature's Signals to Manage Landscape Pests
Using Nature's Signals to Manage Landscape Pests - Articles Articles

Using Nature's Signals to Manage Landscape Pests

Emelie Swackhamer, Gregory Hoover

The best way to make an effective pesticide application is to observe pest development at the site through regular monitoring. More
Field of diverse crops in rotation
Introduction to Organic Farming: A Growing Opportunity for Pennsylvania Farmers - Articles Articles
This article provides basic information about organic farming, including getting started, considering your product/market, and deciding whether to be certified. More
Beautiful garden landscapes, like the one in this illustration, can be obtained through smart and heathy management plans
Creating Healthy Landscapes - Articles Articles

Creating Healthy Landscapes

Emelie Swackhamer, J. Robert Nuss, Larry Kuhns, Gregory Hoover

This article outlines steps to help homeowners take better care of landscape plants and provides an introduction to basic integrated pest management concepts. More