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Quercus shumardii, the Shumard Oak. (Penn State Xylarium).
Do You Know How Many Oaks There Are? - Articles Articles

Do You Know How Many Oaks There Are?

Charles David Ray, Ph.D.

This article discusses the number of oaks that are identified as unique species. More
Real Wood - but is it hardwood, or softwood?
What is the Difference Between Hardwood and Softwood? - Articles Articles
Most people think hardwood is hard, and softwood is soft. Sometimes true, but not necessarily. More
A rendering of a log sawn into board products. http://www.vincentkohler.ch/billon.html
Where Does Lumber Come From? - Articles Articles

Where Does Lumber Come From?

Charles David Ray, Ph.D.

This article demonstrates in text and visuals just where lumber comes from. More
Self-organizing Microtubule Networks in Cellulose Science
Self-organizing Microtubule Networks in Cellulose Science - Articles Articles
Have you ever heard of nanotechnology? Better yet, have you ever heard it with respect to wood science, and wondered why? More
Operations Research Tools (Stage 3: Re-allocation of resources) Operations Research Tools (Stage 3: Re-allocation of resources) - Articles
You’ve recognized that your company is suffering from a disadvantaged business or operational model. Learn how to properly re-allocate your resources. More
Operations Research Tools (Stage 2: Re-prioritize your Goals) Operations Research Tools (Stage 2: Re-prioritize your Goals) - Articles
Re-prioritize your operational goals based on the relationship between current market conditions and your evolving vision for the business. More
Operations Research Tools (Stage 1: Analyzing Constraints)
Operations Research Tools (Stage 1: Analyzing Constraints) - Articles Articles
Your company should analyze its constraints against implementing a strategy of expanding customer base, and move resources to allow your company to better meet the re-prioritized goal. More
Big logs, small logs...which is better?
The Truth about Sawmill Over-Run - Articles Articles

The Truth about Sawmill Over-Run

Charles David Ray, Ph.D.

The sawmill industry today faces many challenges but there seemingly will always be demand for softwood and hardwood lumber. More
Is Your Company in Double Jeopardy?
Is Your Company in Double Jeopardy? - Articles Articles

Is Your Company in Double Jeopardy?

Charles David Ray, Ph.D.

Your company could be a victim of the phenomenon of double jeopardy. More
Federal Income Taxes: Four Essential "To Do's" for Forest Landowners
Federal Income Taxes: Four Essential "To Do's" for Forest Landowners - Articles Articles

Federal Income Taxes: Four Essential "To Do's" for Forest Landowners

Michael Jacobson, Ph.D., Charles David Ray, Ph.D.

As a forest landowner there are relatively simple things you can do to save money by paying less income tax. More
Energy from Trees!
Energy from Trees! - Articles Articles

Energy from Trees!

Charles David Ray, Ph.D.

Pennsylvania’s forests are rich in potential bioenergy from small-diameter trees that are overcrowded and under-utilized. More
Bark...The Issue Facing the World's Wooden Pallet Industry
Bark...The Issue Facing the World's Wooden Pallet Industry - Articles Articles
In 2002, countries came together in agreement to implement an international guideline for regulating wood packaging material for international shipments. More
Power turbine on display in Vienna
Alternative Energy Credits for a Renewable Energy Market - Articles Articles
The passing of the Alternative Energy Portfolio Standards act in 2004 may spur a renewable energy and energy conservation industry in PA. More
From left to right and top to bottom: Mass spectra for the seven year old root (A), fresh root (B), twig (C), and leaf (D).
Toxicity of Yew Wood and Roots - Articles Articles

Toxicity of Yew Wood and Roots

Charles David Ray, Ph.D.

A case study of yew toxicity in fresh and aged yew roots and stem. More
Survival of the Fittest in the Wood Products Industry
Survival of the Fittest in the Wood Products Industry - Articles Articles
The reality is that the wood products industry is getting smaller. This article provides advice on how to remain a viable company. More
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