Penn State Extension

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Good communication between farmers and neighbors can keep relations positive.
Finding the Common Ground: Good Neighbor Relations: Advice and Tips from Farmers - Articles Articles
Land development is bringing residential development into agricultural areas. New residents may have misconceptions about farms, and conflicts can arise between farm and nonfarm neighbors. More
Many people choose to live in the country because they cherish the peace and quiet, the wide open spaces, and the beauty of nature.
Country Living: A Guide for Homeowners - Articles Articles

Country Living: A Guide for Homeowners

Charles Abdalla, Ph.D., Timothy Kelsey, Ph.D.

This article will help people living in or considering a move to the country understand the basics about how government and community services and utilities work in rural areas in Pennsylvania. More
Finding the Common Ground: Understanding Your Community's Agriculture
Finding the Common Ground: Understanding Your Community's Agriculture - Articles Articles

Finding the Common Ground: Understanding Your Community's Agriculture

Charles Abdalla, Ph.D., Timothy Kelsey, Ph.D.

When you live in the country, a basic understanding of agriculture's contribution to the community is useful. More
Figure 1. Space requirements for resting and rising dairy cow
Designing and Building Dairy Cattle Freestalls - Articles Articles

Designing and Building Dairy Cattle Freestalls

Dan McFarland, John Tyson, Robert Graves, Ph.D., P.E.

Freestalls (cubicles) provide dairy cows a clean, dry, comfortable resting space. Well-designed and properly maintained freestalls are a key component in a freestall housing system. More
Natural Ventilation for Freestall Barns
Natural Ventilation for Freestall Barns - Articles Articles

Natural Ventilation for Freestall Barns

Robert Graves, Ph.D., P.E.

Cows continuously produce heat and moisture so a ventilation system is necessary to continuously exchange inside air for drier, cooler outside air. More
Natural Ventilation for Dairy Tie Stall Barns
Natural Ventilation for Dairy Tie Stall Barns - Articles Articles

Natural Ventilation for Dairy Tie Stall Barns

Robert Graves, Ph.D., P.E.

Tie stall barns require a ventilation system that allows close control of air exchange and temperature to prevent the barn from reaching freezing temperatures. More
Marcellus shale drilling in progress, Beaver Run Reservoir, Westmoreland County. Credit: Robert Donnan.
Water’s Journey Through the Shale Gas Processes - Articles Articles
Using publicly available information, we attempt to track and quantify current water use through the stages of the gas well development process. More
Recommendations for Calf and Heifer Housing Dimensions for Jerseys
Recommendations for Calf and Heifer Housing Dimensions for Jerseys - Articles Articles

Recommendations for Calf and Heifer Housing Dimensions for Jerseys

John Tyson, Dan McFarland, Robert Graves, Ph.D., P.E.

Summary of design suggestions for planning calf and heifer housing systems for Jersey cattle; a starting point for the design process. More
Photo credit: Amber Yutzy
Recommendations for Calf and Heifer Housing Dimensions for Holsteins - Articles Articles

Recommendations for Calf and Heifer Housing Dimensions for Holsteins

John Tyson, Dan McFarland, Robert Graves, Ph.D., P.E.

Summary of design suggestions for planning calf and heifer housing systems for Holstein dairy cattle; a starting point for the design process. More
River Basin Approaches to Water Management in the Mid-Atlantic States
River Basin Approaches to Water Management in the Mid-Atlantic States - Articles Articles
Interstate conflict over water resources is growing in the Mid-Atlantic region. As population increases and industries and energy sources shift, water becomes in greater demand. More
Water Withdrawals for Development of Marcellus Shale Gas in Pennsylvania
Water Withdrawals for Development of Marcellus Shale Gas in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles
This article is an introduction to Pennsylvania's water resources and the impact of deep well drilling on those resources. More
Spring Creek running through downtown Bellefonte, PA
Access and Allocation of Water in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles

Access and Allocation of Water in Pennsylvania

Charles Abdalla, Ph.D., Kristen Saacke Blunk

This article provides an overview of water rights for citizens, farmers, rural business owners, and elected and appointed officials. (This is not a substitute for advice from a qualified lawyer.) More
Nutrient Budgets for PA Cropland: What They Reveal and How Can They Be Used?
Nutrient Budgets for PA Cropland: What They Reveal and How Can They Be Used? - Articles Articles

Nutrient Budgets for PA Cropland: What They Reveal and How Can They Be Used?

Douglas Beegle, Ph.D., Robert Graves, Ph.D., P.E., Kristen Saacke Blunk

Nutrient budgets have been developed by Mid-Atlantic Regional Water Program to quantify the magnitude and sources of excess nutrients that are being generated and applied throughout Pennsylvania. More
A Primer on Water Quality Credit Trading in the Mid-Atlantic Region
A Primer on Water Quality Credit Trading in the Mid-Atlantic Region - Articles Articles
Water quality credit trading is a tool for reducing the cost of controlling nutrients and sediments that severely impact streams, rivers, lakes, and estuaries. More